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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] Colored kernel output (run3)
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On Sat, 2007-10-06 at 22:09 +0200, Jan Engelhardt wrote: 
> Colored kernel message output (1/2)
>
> This patch makes it possible to give kernel messages a selectable
> color. It can be chosen at compile time, overridden at boot time,
> and changed at run time.
>
> References: http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/4/1/162
> http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/10/5/199

This is quite a long thread :-)

>
> Signed-off-by: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@gmx.de>
>
> ---
> drivers/char/Kconfig | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/char/vt.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 65 insertions(+)
>
> Index: linux-2.6.23/drivers/char/Kconfig
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.23.orig/drivers/char/Kconfig
> +++ linux-2.6.23/drivers/char/Kconfig
> @@ -58,6 +58,48 @@ config VT_CONSOLE
>
> If unsure, say Y.
>
> +config VT_CKO
> + bool "Colored kernel message output"
> + depends on VT_CONSOLE
> + ---help---
> + This option enables kernel messages to be emitted in
> + colors other than the default.
> +
> + If unsure, say N.
> +
> +config VT_PRINTK_COLOR
> + hex "Colored kernel message output"
> + range 0x00 0xFF
> + depends on VT_CKO
> + default 0x07
> + ---help---
> + This option defines with which color kernel messages will be
> + printed to the console.
> +
> + The value you need to enter here is the value is composed

The more correct term for "The value" is probably "The attribute".

> + (OR-ed) of a foreground and a background color.
> +
> + Foreground:
> + 0x00 = black, 0x08 = dark gray,
> + 0x01 = red, 0x09 = light red,
> + 0x02 = green, 0x0A = light green,
> + 0x03 = brown, 0x0B = yellow,
> + 0x04 = blue, 0x0C = light blue,
> + 0x05 = magenta, 0x0D = light magenta,
> + 0x06 = cyan, 0x0E = light cyan,
> + 0x07 = gray, 0x0F = white,
> +
> + (Foreground colors 0x08 to 0x0F do not work when a VGA
> + console font with 512 glyphs is used.)

You might have to include a warning that those values or attributes are
interpreted differently depending on the driver used, and the above is
mostly true for 16-color console drivers only.

For 2-colors (we still have quite a few of them) only bit 0 is true for
color (0x00 and 0x01). The rest of the bits are interpreted as
attributes:

0x02 - italic
0x04 - underline
0x08 - bold
0x80 - blink

The italic, underline and bold attributes will show up in a 2-color
framebuffer console. The blink attribute is ignored.

With a 4-color fb console (4-level grayscale), those values are again
interpreted differently.

0x00 - 0x00 : black
0x01 - 0x06 : white
0x07 - 0x08 : gray
the rest : intense white

(If by mistake 0x0106 is used, it will produce a white on white display)

With an 8-color console, only the first 8 values are considered.

With a 16-color console, that is also not consistent:

With vgacon, it supports 16-color foreground (fg), 8-color
background (bg) at 256 chars. Becomes 8 fg and 8 bg with 512 chars.

With fbcon, it supports 16 fg and 16 bg at 256, 16 fg and 8 bg at
512 chars.

And for drivers that have their own con_build_attr() hook, they will be
interpreted differently again.

> +
> + Background:
> + 0x00 = black, 0x40 = blue,
> + 0x10 = red, 0x50 = magenta,
> + 0x20 = green, 0x60 = cyan,
> + 0x30 = brown, 0x70 = gray,
> +
> + For example, 0x1F would yield white on red.
> +

You may need to specify that the values here are the console default,
ie, the default_blue|grn|red boot options are not filled up.
> config HW_CONSOLE
> bool
> depends on VT && !S390 && !UML
> Index: linux-2.6.23/drivers/char/vt.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.23.orig/drivers/char/vt.c
> +++ linux-2.6.23/drivers/char/vt.c
> @@ -73,6 +73,7 @@
> */
>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
> #include <linux/types.h>
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/tty.h>
> @@ -2344,6 +2345,23 @@ struct tty_driver *console_driver;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_VT_CONSOLE
>
> +static unsigned int printk_color __read_mostly = CONFIG_VT_PRINTK_COLOR;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VT_CKO
> +module_param(printk_color, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> +
> +static inline void vc_set_color(struct vc_data *vc, unsigned char color)
> +{
> + vc->vc_color = color_table[color & 0xF] |
> + (color_table[(color >> 4) & 0x7] << 4) |
> + (color & 0x80);

You may want to leave out the blink attribute (0x80) from this part.
Otherwise setterm -blink on|off will produce the opposite effect.
Tony



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