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SubjectRe: epoll design problems with common fork/exec patterns
Marc Lehmann a écrit :
> On Sat, Oct 27, 2007 at 10:23:17AM +0200, Eric Dumazet <> wrote:
>>> In this case, the parent process works fine until the child closes fds,
>>> after which the fds become unarmed in the parent too. This works as
>> I have no idea what exact problem you have.
> Well, I explained it rather succinctly, I think. If you tell me whats unclear
> I can explain...
>> But if the child closes some
>> file descriptor that were 'cloned' at fork() time, this only decrements a
>> refcount, and definitely should not close it for the 'parent'.
> It doesn't. It removes it from the epoll set, though, so the parent will not
> receive events for that fd anymore.
>> I have some apps that are happily using epoll() and fork()/exec() and have
> The problem I described is fork/close/exec. close being the explicit
> syscall.
>> no problem at all. I usually use O_CLOEXEC so that all close() are done at
>> exec() time without having to do it in a loop. epoll continues to work as
>> expected in the parent process.
> This is because epoll doesn't behave like documented: It removes the fd
> from the parents epoll set only on an explicit close() syscall, not on an
> implicit close from exec.
>>> fd sets. This would explain the behaviour above. Unfortunately (or
>>> fortunately?) this is not what happens: when the fds are being closed by
>>> exec or exit, the fds do not get removed from the epoll set.
>> at exec() (granted CLOEXEC is asserted) or exit() time, only the refcount
>> of each file is decremented. Only if their refcount becomes NULL, files are
>> then removed from epoll set.
> Yes. But thats obviously not the only way to close fds.
>>> Is epoll really designed to be so incompatible with the most commno fork
>>> patterns? Shouldn't epoll do refcounting, as is commonly done under
>>> Unix? As the fd space is not shared between rpocesses, why does epoll
>>> try? Shouldn't the epoll information be copied just like the fd table
>>> itself, memory, and other resources?
>> Too many questions here, showing lack of understanding.
> You already said you don't the problem. No need to get insulting :(
>> epoll definitly is not useless. It is used on major and critical apps.
>> You certainly missed something.
> Well, it behaves like documented, which is the problem. You admit you
> don't understand the problem or the documentation, so again, no need to
> insult me.

Hum... I will update my english vocabulary and mark "missed" as an insult.

I have no problem with epoll nor its documentation.

>> Please provide some code to illustrate one exact problem you have.
> // assume there is an open epoll set that listens for events on fd 5
> if (fork () = 0)
> {
> close (5);
> // fd 5 is now removed from the epoll set of the parent.
> _exit (0);
> }

It doesnt on every kernels I had played with. And I played with *lot* of
kernels you know.

If such a bug exists on your kernel, please fill a complete bug report, giving

Thank you

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