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Subject[PATCH 00/31] Remove iget() and read_inode() [try #5]

Here's a set of patches that remove all calls to iget() and all read_inode()
functions. They should be removed for two reasons: firstly they don't lend
themselves to good error handling, and secondly their presence is a temptation
for code outside a filesystem to call iget() to access inodes within that

There are a few benefits to this:

(1) Error handling gets simpler as you can return an error code rather than
having to call is_bad_inode().

(2) You can now tell the difference between ENOMEM and EIO occurring in the
read_inode() path.

(3) The code should get smaller. iget() is an inline function that is
typically called 2-3 times per filesystem that uses it. By folding the
iget code into the read_inode code for each filesystem, it eliminates
some duplication.

A tarball of the patches can be retrieved from:

Additionally, there are a couple of patches that introduce an ERR_CAST() macro
to be used instead of ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(p)) constructs and apply it to all such
instances in the kernel.

Of the patches directly relevant to the subject:

The first patch adds a function, iget_failed() that is a canned piece of code
for killing an inode when the inode construction path fails.

The second and third patches makes AFS and GFS2 use iget_failed() rather than
interpolating the sequence directly.

The final patch removes iget() and read_inode().

Each of the other patches modify a filesystem that used iget() and read_inode()
to use iget_locked() instead. The standard procedure was to convert:

void thingyfs_read_inode(struct inode *inode)


struct inode *thingyfs_iget(struct super_block *sp, unsigned long ino)
struct inode *inode;
int ret;

inode = iget_locked(sb, ino);
if (!inode)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (!(inode->i_state & I_NEW))
return inode;

return inode;
return ERR_PTR(ret);

and then call thingyfs_iget() rather than iget():

ret = -EINVAL;
inode = iget(sb, ino);
if (!inode || is_bad_inode(inode))
goto error;


inode = thingyfs_iget(sb, ino);
if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(inode);
goto error;

There were exceptions; most notably it appeared FAT should be calling ilookup()
not iget().

Additionally, HPPFS and HOSTFS (UM-specific filesystems) really need checking:


(*) hostfs_iget() should perhaps subsume init_inode() and hostfs_read_inode().

(*) It would appear that all hostfs inodes are the same inode because iget()
was being called with inode number 0 - which forms the lookup key.


(*) The HPPFS inode retains a pointer to the proc dentry it is shadowing, but
whilst it does appear to retain a reference to it, it doesn't appear to
destroy the reference if the inode goes away.

(*) hppfs_iget() should perhaps subsume init_inode() and hppfs_read_inode().

(*) It would appear that all hppfs inodes are the same inode because iget()
was being called with inode number 0, which forms the lookup key.

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