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SubjectRe: [announce] [patch] KVM paravirtualization for Linux
Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com> wrote:
>
>
>>> but AFAICS rmap_write_protect() is only ever called if we write a new
>>> cr3 - hence a TLB flush will happen anyway, because we do a
>>> vmcs_writel(GUEST_CR3, new_cr3). Am i missing something?
>>>
>> No, rmap_write_protect() is called whenever we shadow a new guest page
>> table (the mechanism used to maintain coherency is write faults on
>> page tables).
>>
>
> hm. Where? I only see rmap_write_protect() called from
> kvm_mmu_get_page(), which is only called from nonpaging_map() [but it
> doesnt call the rmap function in that case, due to metaphysical], and
> mmu_alloc_roots(). mmu_alloc_roots() is only called from context init
> (init-only thing) or from paging_new_cr3().
>
> ahh ... i missed paging_tmpl.h.
>
> how about the patch below then?
>

Looks like a lot of complexity for very little gain. I'm not sure what
the vmwrite cost is, cut it can't be that high compared to vmexit.

I think there are two better options:

1. Find out if tlb_flush() can be implemented as a no-op on intel --
I'm fairly sure it can.
2. If not, implement tlb_flush() as a counter increment like on amd.
Then, successive tlb flushes and context switches are folded into one.


> furthermore, shouldnt we pass in the flush area size from the pagefault
> handler? In most cases it would be 4096 bytes, that would mean an invlpg
> is enough, not a full cr3 flush. Although ... i dont know how to invlpg
> a guest-side TLB. On VMX it probably doesnt matter at all. On SVM, is
> there a way (or a need) to flush a single TLB of another context ID?
>

Yes (and yes), invlpga.

A complication is that a single shadow pte can be used to map multiple
guest virtual addresses (by mapping the page table using multiple pdes),
so the kvm_mmu_page object has to keep track of the page table gva, and
whether it is multiply mapped or not. I plan to do that later.

> Ingo
>
> Index: linux/drivers/kvm/mmu.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/drivers/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ linux/drivers/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -378,7 +378,7 @@ static void rmap_remove(struct kvm_vcpu
> }
> }
>
> -static void rmap_write_protect(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gfn)
> +static void rmap_write_protect(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gfn, int flush_tlb)
> {
> struct kvm *kvm = vcpu->kvm;
> struct page *page;
> @@ -404,7 +404,13 @@ static void rmap_write_protect(struct kv
> BUG_ON(!(*spte & PT_WRITABLE_MASK));
> rmap_printk("rmap_write_protect: spte %p %llx\n", spte, *spte);
> rmap_remove(vcpu, spte);
> - kvm_arch_ops->tlb_flush(vcpu);
> + /*
> + * While we removed a mapping there's no need to explicitly
> + * flush the TLB here if we write a new cr3. It is needed
> + * from the pagefault path though.
> + */
> + if (flush_tlb)
> + kvm_arch_ops->tlb_flush(vcpu);
> *spte &= ~(u64)PT_WRITABLE_MASK;
> }
> }
> @@ -561,7 +567,8 @@ static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_
> gva_t gaddr,
> unsigned level,
> int metaphysical,
> - u64 *parent_pte)
> + u64 *parent_pte,
> + int flush_tlb)
> {
> union kvm_mmu_page_role role;
> unsigned index;
> @@ -597,7 +604,7 @@ static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_
> page->role = role;
> hlist_add_head(&page->hash_link, bucket);
> if (!metaphysical)
> - rmap_write_protect(vcpu, gfn);
> + rmap_write_protect(vcpu, gfn, flush_tlb);
> return page;
> }
>
> @@ -764,7 +771,7 @@ static int nonpaging_map(struct kvm_vcpu
> >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> new_table = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, pseudo_gfn,
> v, level - 1,
> - 1, &table[index]);
> + 1, &table[index], 0);
> if (!new_table) {
> pgprintk("nonpaging_map: ENOMEM\n");
> return -ENOMEM;
> @@ -838,7 +845,7 @@ static void mmu_alloc_roots(struct kvm_v
>
> ASSERT(!VALID_PAGE(root));
> page = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, root_gfn, 0,
> - PT64_ROOT_LEVEL, 0, NULL);
> + PT64_ROOT_LEVEL, 0, NULL, 0);
> root = page->page_hpa;
> ++page->root_count;
> vcpu->mmu.root_hpa = root;
> @@ -857,7 +864,7 @@ static void mmu_alloc_roots(struct kvm_v
> root_gfn = 0;
> page = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, root_gfn, i << 30,
> PT32_ROOT_LEVEL, !is_paging(vcpu),
> - NULL);
> + NULL, 0);
> root = page->page_hpa;
> ++page->root_count;
> vcpu->mmu.pae_root[j][i] = root | PT_PRESENT_MASK;
> Index: linux/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> +++ linux/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> @@ -245,7 +245,7 @@ static u64 *FNAME(fetch)(struct kvm_vcpu
> table_gfn = walker->table_gfn[level - 2];
> }
> shadow_page = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, table_gfn, addr, level-1,
> - metaphysical, shadow_ent);
> + metaphysical, shadow_ent, 1);
> shadow_addr = shadow_page->page_hpa;
> shadow_pte = shadow_addr | PT_PRESENT_MASK | PT_ACCESSED_MASK
> | PT_WRITABLE_MASK | PT_USER_MASK;
>
>


--
Do not meddle in the internals of kernels, for they are subtle and quick to panic.

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