lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2006]   [Sep]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: Kernel patches enabling better POSIX AIO (Was Re: [3/4] kevent: AIO, aio_sendfile)
From
Date
  Hi,

just came back from vacation, sorry for the delay.

On Sat, 2006-08-12 at 23:59 +0530, Suparna Bhattacharya wrote:
> BTW, if anyone would like to be dropped off this growing cc list, please
> let us know.
>
> On Fri, Aug 11, 2006 at 12:45:55PM -0700, Ulrich Drepper wrote:
> > Sébastien Dugué wrote:
> > > aio completion notification
> >
> > I looked over this now but I don't think I understand everything. Or I
> > don't see how it all is integrated. And no, I'm not looking at the
> > proposed glibc code since would mean being tainted.
>
> Oh, I didn't realise that.
> I'll make an attempt to clarify parts that I understand based on what I
> have gleaned from my reading of the code and intent, but hopefully Sebastien,
> Ben, Zach et al will be able to pitch in for a more accurate and complete
> picture.
>
> >
> >
> > > Details:
> > > -------
> > >
> > > A struct sigevent *aio_sigeventp is added to struct iocb in
> > > include/linux/aio_abi.h
> > >
> > > An enum {IO_NOTIFY_SIGNAL = 0, IO_NOTIFY_THREAD_ID = 1} is added in
> > > include/linux/aio.h:
> > >
> > > - IO_NOTIFY_SIGNAL means that the signal is to be sent to the
> > > requesting thread
> > >
> > > - IO_NOTIFY_THREAD_ID means that the signal is to be sent to a
> > > specifi thread.
> >
> > This has been proved to be sufficient in the timer code which basically
> > has the same problem. But why do you need separate constants? We have
> > the various SIGEV_* constants, among them SIGEV_THREAD_ID. Just use
> > these constants for the values of ki_notify.
> >
>
> I am wondering about that too. IIRC, the IO_NOTIFY_* constants are not
> part of the ABI, but only internal to the kernel implementation. I think
> Zach had suggested inferring THREAD_ID notification if the pid specified
> is not zero. But, I don't see why ->sigev_notify couldn't used directly
> (just like the POSIX timers code does) thus doing away with the
> new constants altogether. Sebestian/Laurent, do you recall?

As I see it, those IO_NOTIFY_* constants are uneeded and we could use
->sigev_notify directly. I will change this so that we use the same
mechanism as the POSIX timers code.

>
> >
> > > The following fields are added to struct kiocb in include/linux/aio.h:
> > >
> > > - pid_t ki_pid: target of the signal
> > >
> > > - __u16 ki_signo: signal number
> > >
> > > - __u16 ki_notify: kind of notification, IO_NOTIFY_SIGNAL or
> > > IO_NOTIFY_THREAD_ID
> > >
> > > - uid_t ki_uid, ki_euid: filled with the submitter credentials
> >
> > These two fields aren't needed for the POSIX interfaces. Where does the
> > requirement come from? I don't say they should be removed, they might
> > be useful, but if the costs are non-negligible then they could go away.
>
> I'm guessing they are being used for validation of permissions at the time
> of sending the signal, but maybe saving the task pointer in the iocb instead
> of the pid would suffice ?

IIRC, Ben added these for that exact reason. Is this really needed?
Ben?

>
> >
> >
> > > - check whether the submitting thread wants to be notified directly
> > > (sigevent->sigev_notify_thread_id is 0) or wants the signal to be sent
> > > to another thread.
> > > In the latter case a check is made to assert that the target thread
> > > is in the same thread group
> >
> > Is this really how it's implemented? This is not how it should be.
> > Either a signal is sent to a specific thread in the same process (this
> > is what SIGEV_THREAD_ID is for) or the signal is sent to a calling
> > process. Sending a signal to the process means that from the kernel's
> > POV any thread which doesn't have the signal blocked can receive it.
> > The final decision is made by the kernel. There is no mechanism to send
> > the signal to another process.
>
> The code seems to be set up to call specific_send_sig_info() in the case
> of *_THREAD_ID , and __group_send_sig_info() otherwise. So I think the
> intended behaviour is as you describe it should be (__group_send_sig_info
> does the equivalent of sending a signal to the process and so any thread
> which doesn't have signals blocked can receive it, while specific_send_sig_info
> sends it to a particular thread).
>
> But, I should really leave it to Sebestian to confirm that.

That's right, but I think that part needs to be reworked to follow
the same logic as the POSIX timers.


> > > listio support
> > >
> >
> > I really don't understand the kernel interface for this feature.
>
> I'm sorry this is confusing. This probably means that we need to
> separate the external interface description more clearly and completely
> from the internals.
>
> >
> >
> > > Details:
> > > -------
> > >
> > > An IOCB_CMD_GROUP is added to the IOCB_CMD enum in include/linux/aio_abi.h
> > >
> > > A struct lio_event is added in include/linux/aio.h
> > >
> > > A struct lio_event *ki_lio is added to struct iocb in include/linux/aio.h
> >
> > So you have a pointer in the structure for the individual requests. I
> > assume you use the atomic counter to trigger the final delivery. I
> > further assume that if lio_wait is set the calling thread is suspended
> > until all requests are handled and that the final notification in this
> > case means that thread gets woken.
> >
> > This is all fine.
> >
> > But how do you pass the requests to the kernel? If you have a new
> > lio_listio-like syscall it'll be easy. But I haven't seen anything like
> > this mentioned.
> >
> > The alternative is to pass the requests one-by-one in which case I don't
> > see how you create the reference to the lio_listio control block. This
> > approach seems to be slower.
>
> The way it works (and better ideas are welcome) is that, since the io_submit()
> syscall already accepts an array of iocbs[], no new syscall was introduced.
> To implement lio_listio, one has to set up such an array, with the first iocb
> in the array having the special (new) grouping opcode of IOCB_CMD_GROUP which
> specifies the sigev notification to be associated with group completion
> (a NULL value of the sigev notification pointer would imply equivalent of
> LIO_WAIT). The following iocbs in the array should correspond to the set of
> listio aiocbs. Whenever it encounters an IOCB_CMD_GROUP iocb opcode, the
> kernel would interpret all subsequent iocbs[] submitted in the same
> io_submit() call to be associated with the same lio control block.
>
> Does that clarify ?
>
> Would an example help ?
>
> >
> > If all requests are passed at once, do you have the equivalent of
> > LIO_NOP entries?

So far, LIO_NOP entries are pruned by the support library
(libposix-aio) and never sent to the kernel.
> >
>
> Good question - we do have an IOCB_CMD_NOOP defined, and I seem to even
> recall a patch that implemented it, but am wondering if it ever got merged.
> Ben/Zach ?
>
> >
> > How can we support the extension where we wait for a number of requests
> > which need not be all of them. I.e., I submit N requests and want to be
> > notified when at least M (M <= N) notified. I am not yet clear about
> > the actual semantics we should implement (e.g., do we send another
> > notification after the first one?) but it's something which IMO should
> > be taken into account in the design.
> >
>
> My thought here was that it should be possible to include M as a parameter
> to the IOCB_CMD_GROUP opcode iocb, and thus incorporated in the lio control
> block ... then whatever semantics are agreed upon can be implemented.
>
> >
> > Finally, and this is very important, does you code send out the
> > individual requests notification and then in the end the lio_listio
> > completion? I think Suparna wrote this is the case but I want to make sure.
>
> Sebestian, could you confirm ?

If (and only if) the user did setup a sigevent for one or more
individual requests then those requests completion will trigger a
notification and in the end the list completion notification is sent.
Otherwise, only the list completion notification is sent.


--
-----------------------------------------------------
Sébastien Dugué BULL/FREC:B1-247
phone: (+33) 476 29 77 70 Bullcom: 229-7770

mailto:sebastien.dugue@bull.net

Linux POSIX AIO: http://www.bullopensource.org/posix
http://sourceforge.net/projects/paiol

-----------------------------------------------------
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-09-04 16:31    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans