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Subject[PATCH RFC 3/6] Use %gs as the PDA base-segment in the kernel.
This patch is the meat of the PDA change.  This patch makes several
related changes:

1: Most significantly, %gs is now used in the kernel. This means that on
entry, the old value of %gs is saved away, and it is reloaded with
__KERNEL_PDA.

2: entry.S constructs the stack in the shape of struct pt_regs, and this
is passed around the kernel so that the process's saved register
state can be accessed.

Unfortunately struct pt_regs doesn't currently have space for %gs
(or %fs). This patch extends pt_regs to add space for fs and gs,
though only gs is actually saved/restored from it (reserving space
for fs makes simplifies the changes to ptrace).

3: Because %gs is now saved on the stack like %ds, %es and the integer
registers, there are a number of places where it no longer needs to
be handled specially.

4: And since kernel threads run in kernel space and call normal kernel
code, they need to be created with their %gs == __KERNEL_PDA.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com>
Cc: Chuck Ebbert <76306.1226@compuserve.com>
Cc: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com>
Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>




---
arch/i386/kernel/cpu/common.c | 7 ++-
arch/i386/kernel/entry.S | 92 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
arch/i386/kernel/process.c | 27 +++++------
arch/i386/kernel/signal.c | 6 --
arch/i386/kernel/vm86.c | 4 -
include/asm-i386/mmu_context.h | 4 -
include/asm-i386/pda.h | 2
include/asm-i386/processor.h | 4 +
include/asm-i386/ptrace-abi.h | 2
9 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)

===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -717,8 +717,11 @@ old_gdt:
__set_tss_desc(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_DOUBLEFAULT_TSS, &doublefault_tss);
#endif

- /* Clear %fs and %gs. */
- asm volatile ("movl %0, %%fs; movl %0, %%gs" : : "r" (0));
+ /* Clear %fs. */
+ asm volatile ("mov %0, %%fs" : : "r" (0));
+
+ /* Set %gs for this CPU's PDA */
+ asm volatile ("mov %0, %%gs" : : "r" (__KERNEL_PDA));

/* Clear all 6 debug registers: */
set_debugreg(0, 0);
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
@@ -30,12 +30,14 @@
* 18(%esp) - %eax
* 1C(%esp) - %ds
* 20(%esp) - %es
- * 24(%esp) - orig_eax
- * 28(%esp) - %eip
- * 2C(%esp) - %cs
- * 30(%esp) - %eflags
- * 34(%esp) - %oldesp
- * 38(%esp) - %oldss
+ * 24(%esp) - %fs (not saved/restored)
+ * 28(%esp) - %gs
+ * 2C(%esp) - orig_eax
+ * 30(%esp) - %eip
+ * 34(%esp) - %cs
+ * 38(%esp) - %eflags
+ * 3C(%esp) - %oldesp
+ * 40(%esp) - %oldss
*
* "current" is in register %ebx during any slow entries.
*/
@@ -62,12 +64,14 @@ EAX = 0x18
EAX = 0x18
DS = 0x1C
ES = 0x20
-ORIG_EAX = 0x24
-EIP = 0x28
-CS = 0x2C
-EFLAGS = 0x30
-OLDESP = 0x34
-OLDSS = 0x38
+FS = 0x24
+GS = 0x28
+ORIG_EAX = 0x2C
+EIP = 0x30
+CS = 0x34
+EFLAGS = 0x38
+OLDESP = 0x3C
+OLDSS = 0x40

CF_MASK = 0x00000001
TF_MASK = 0x00000100
@@ -107,6 +111,11 @@ 1:

#define SAVE_ALL \
cld; \
+ pushl %gs; \
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4;\
+ /*CFI_REL_OFFSET gs, 0;*/\
+ subl $4, %esp; /* %fs */\
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4;\
pushl %es; \
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4;\
/*CFI_REL_OFFSET es, 0;*/\
@@ -136,8 +145,10 @@ 1:
CFI_REL_OFFSET ebx, 0;\
movl $(__USER_DS), %edx; \
movl %edx, %ds; \
- movl %edx, %es;
-
+ movl %edx, %es; \
+ movl $(__KERNEL_PDA), %edx; \
+ movl %edx, %gs
+
#define RESTORE_INT_REGS \
popl %ebx; \
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET -4;\
@@ -169,17 +180,24 @@ 2: popl %es; \
2: popl %es; \
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET -4;\
/*CFI_RESTORE es;*/\
-.section .fixup,"ax"; \
-3: movl $0,(%esp); \
+ addl $4,%esp; \
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET -4;\
+3: popl %gs; \
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET -4;\
+ /*CFI_RESTORE gs;*/\
+.pushsection .fixup,"ax"; \
+4: movl $0,(%esp); \
jmp 1b; \
-4: movl $0,(%esp); \
+5: movl $0,(%esp); \
jmp 2b; \
-.previous; \
+6: movl $0,(%esp); \
+ jmp 3b; \
.section __ex_table,"a";\
.align 4; \
- .long 1b,3b; \
- .long 2b,4b; \
-.previous
+ .long 1b,4b; \
+ .long 2b,5b; \
+ .long 3b,6b; \
+.popsection

#define RING0_INT_FRAME \
CFI_STARTPROC simple;\
@@ -239,6 +257,7 @@ check_userspace:
andl $(VM_MASK | SEGMENT_RPL_MASK), %eax
cmpl $USER_RPL, %eax
jb resume_kernel # not returning to v8086 or userspace
+
ENTRY(resume_userspace)
DISABLE_INTERRUPTS # make sure we don't miss an interrupt
# setting need_resched or sigpending
@@ -332,11 +351,18 @@ 1: movl (%ebp),%ebp
/* if something modifies registers it must also disable sysexit */
movl EIP(%esp), %edx
movl OLDESP(%esp), %ecx
+1: movw GS(%esp), %gs
xorl %ebp,%ebp
TRACE_IRQS_ON
ENABLE_INTERRUPTS_SYSEXIT
CFI_ENDPROC
-
+.pushsection .fixup,"ax"; \
+2: movl $0,GS(%esp); \
+ jmp 1b; \
+.section __ex_table,"a";\
+ .align 4; \
+ .long 1b,2b; \
+.popsection

# system call handler stub
ENTRY(system_call)
@@ -600,6 +626,10 @@ KPROBE_ENTRY(page_fault)
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
ALIGN
error_code:
+ subl $4, %esp
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
+ pushl %es
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
pushl %ds
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
/*CFI_REL_OFFSET ds, 0*/
@@ -627,21 +657,23 @@ error_code:
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
CFI_REL_OFFSET ebx, 0
cld
- pushl %es
- CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
- /*CFI_REL_OFFSET es, 0*/
+ pushl %gs
+ CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 4
+ /*CFI_REL_OFFSET gs, 0*/
UNWIND_ESPFIX_STACK
popl %ecx
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET -4
- /*CFI_REGISTER es, ecx*/
- movl ES(%esp), %edi # get the function address
+ /*CFI_REGISTER gs, ecx*/
+ movl GS(%esp), %edi # get the function address
movl ORIG_EAX(%esp), %edx # get the error code
movl %eax, ORIG_EAX(%esp)
- movl %ecx, ES(%esp)
- /*CFI_REL_OFFSET es, ES*/
+ movl %ecx, GS(%esp)
+ /*CFI_REL_OFFSET gs, GS*/
movl $(__USER_DS), %ecx
movl %ecx, %ds
movl %ecx, %es
+ movl $(__KERNEL_PDA), %ecx
+ movl %ecx, %gs
movl %esp,%eax # pt_regs pointer
call *%edi
jmp ret_from_exception
@@ -938,6 +970,8 @@ ENTRY(arch_unwind_init_running)
movl %ebx, EAX(%edx)
movl $__USER_DS, DS(%edx)
movl $__USER_DS, ES(%edx)
+ movl $0, FS(%edx)
+ movl $0, GS(%edx)
movl %ebx, ORIG_EAX(%edx)
movl %ecx, EIP(%edx)
movl 12(%esp), %ecx
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/process.c
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
+#include <asm/pda.h>

asmlinkage void ret_from_fork(void) __asm__("ret_from_fork");

@@ -336,6 +337,7 @@ int kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), voi

regs.xds = __USER_DS;
regs.xes = __USER_DS;
+ regs.xgs = __KERNEL_PDA;
regs.orig_eax = -1;
regs.eip = (unsigned long) kernel_thread_helper;
regs.xcs = __KERNEL_CS | get_kernel_rpl();
@@ -421,7 +423,6 @@ int copy_thread(int nr, unsigned long cl
p->thread.eip = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;

savesegment(fs,p->thread.fs);
- savesegment(gs,p->thread.gs);

tsk = current;
if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
@@ -652,16 +653,16 @@ struct task_struct fastcall * __switch_t
load_esp0(tss, next);

/*
- * Save away %fs and %gs. No need to save %es and %ds, as
- * those are always kernel segments while inside the kernel.
- * Doing this before setting the new TLS descriptors avoids
- * the situation where we temporarily have non-reloadable
- * segments in %fs and %gs. This could be an issue if the
- * NMI handler ever used %fs or %gs (it does not today), or
- * if the kernel is running inside of a hypervisor layer.
+ * Save away %fs. No need to save %gs, as it was saved on the
+ * stack on entry. No need to save %es and %ds, as those are
+ * always kernel segments while inside the kernel. Doing this
+ * before setting the new TLS descriptors avoids the situation
+ * where we temporarily have non-reloadable segments in %fs
+ * and %gs. This could be an issue if the NMI handler ever
+ * used %fs or %gs (it does not today), or if the kernel is
+ * running inside of a hypervisor layer.
*/
savesegment(fs, prev->fs);
- savesegment(gs, prev->gs);

/*
* Load the per-thread Thread-Local Storage descriptor.
@@ -669,16 +670,14 @@ struct task_struct fastcall * __switch_t
load_TLS(next, cpu);

/*
- * Restore %fs and %gs if needed.
+ * Restore %fs if needed.
*
- * Glibc normally makes %fs be zero, and %gs is one of
- * the TLS segments.
+ * Glibc normally makes %fs be zero.
*/
if (unlikely(prev->fs | next->fs))
loadsegment(fs, next->fs);

- if (prev->gs | next->gs)
- loadsegment(gs, next->gs);
+ write_pda(pcurrent, next_p);

/*
* Restore IOPL if needed.
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/signal.c
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ restore_sigcontext(struct pt_regs *regs,
X86_EFLAGS_TF | X86_EFLAGS_SF | X86_EFLAGS_ZF | \
X86_EFLAGS_AF | X86_EFLAGS_PF | X86_EFLAGS_CF)

- GET_SEG(gs);
+ COPY_SEG(gs);
GET_SEG(fs);
COPY_SEG(es);
COPY_SEG(ds);
@@ -244,9 +244,7 @@ setup_sigcontext(struct sigcontext __use
{
int tmp, err = 0;

- tmp = 0;
- savesegment(gs, tmp);
- err |= __put_user(tmp, (unsigned int __user *)&sc->gs);
+ err |= __put_user(regs->xgs, (unsigned int __user *)&sc->gs);
savesegment(fs, tmp);
err |= __put_user(tmp, (unsigned int __user *)&sc->fs);

===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/vm86.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/vm86.c
@@ -294,7 +294,7 @@ static void do_sys_vm86(struct kernel_vm
info->regs32->eax = 0;
tsk->thread.saved_esp0 = tsk->thread.esp0;
savesegment(fs, tsk->thread.saved_fs);
- savesegment(gs, tsk->thread.saved_gs);
+ tsk->thread.saved_gs = info->regs32->xgs;

tss = &per_cpu(init_tss, get_cpu());
tsk->thread.esp0 = (unsigned long) &info->VM86_TSS_ESP0;
@@ -306,7 +306,7 @@ static void do_sys_vm86(struct kernel_vm
tsk->thread.screen_bitmap = info->screen_bitmap;
if (info->flags & VM86_SCREEN_BITMAP)
mark_screen_rdonly(tsk->mm);
- __asm__ __volatile__("xorl %eax,%eax; movl %eax,%fs; movl %eax,%gs\n\t");
+ __asm__ __volatile__("movl %0,%%fs\n\t" : : "r" (0));
__asm__ __volatile__("movl %%eax, %0\n" :"=r"(eax));

/*call audit_syscall_exit since we do not exit via the normal paths */
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/mmu_context.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/mmu_context.h
@@ -62,8 +62,8 @@ static inline void switch_mm(struct mm_s
#endif
}

-#define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \
- asm("movl %0,%%fs ; movl %0,%%gs": :"r" (0))
+#define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \
+ asm("movl %0,%%fs": :"r" (0));

#define activate_mm(prev, next) \
switch_mm((prev),(next),NULL)
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/processor.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/processor.h
@@ -471,6 +471,7 @@ struct thread_struct {
.vm86_info = NULL, \
.sysenter_cs = __KERNEL_CS, \
.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL, \
+ .gs = __KERNEL_PDA, \
}

/*
@@ -498,7 +499,8 @@ static inline void load_esp0(struct tss_
}

#define start_thread(regs, new_eip, new_esp) do { \
- __asm__("movl %0,%%fs ; movl %0,%%gs": :"r" (0)); \
+ __asm__("movl %0,%%fs": :"r" (0)); \
+ regs->xgs = 0; \
set_fs(USER_DS); \
regs->xds = __USER_DS; \
regs->xes = __USER_DS; \
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/ptrace-abi.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/ptrace-abi.h
@@ -33,6 +33,8 @@ struct pt_regs {
long eax;
int xds;
int xes;
+ int xfs;
+ int xgs;
long orig_eax;
long eip;
int xcs;
--

-
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