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    SubjectRe: [PATCH 7/7] CPU controller V1 - (temporary) cpuset interface
    (I added Suresh to cc list - question relating to his work at bottom of this reply. -pj)

    Srivatsa wrote:
    > - This by no means is any recommendation for cpuset to be chosen as
    > resource management interface!

    Good ;). My following comments are also neither a recommendation for or
    against this use of cpusets.

    > - Every cpuset directory has two new files - meter_cpu, cpu_quota

    To keep the ever growing namespace of per-cpuset files clear, I'd
    prefer naming these two new files something such as:

    cpu_meter_enabled
    cpu_meter_quota

    You wrote:
    > - Only cpusets marked as "exclusive" and not having any child cpusets
    > can be metered.

    and then gave a nice example having cpusets:

    1) /dev/cpuset
    2) /dev/cpuset/grp_a
    3) /dev/cpsuet/grp_a/very_imp_grp
    4) /dev/cpuset/grp_a/less_imp_grp

    Your statement tells me cpusets (3) and (4) should be marked
    cpu_exclusive, but your example only marked (2) as cpu_exclusive.
    Which is it?

    Aha - neither is right. I see further down in the code that
    when you create a child of a metered parent, you automatically
    copy the 'cpus', 'mems', and meter flag to the new child.

    Perhaps it would help to add a comment in the example shell
    script setup code, right after each of the lines:
    # mkdir very_imp_grp
    ...
    # mkdir less_imp_grp
    something like:
    # # Because the parent is marked 'cpu_meter_enabled',
    # # this mkdir automatically copied 'cpus', 'mems' and
    # # 'cpu_meter_enabled' from the parent to the new child.

    Essentially, if user does:
    cd /dev/cpuset/...
    echo 1 > cpu_meter_enabled
    mkdir some_grp
    the kernel, on the 'mkdir', automatically does:
    cp cpus mems cpu_meter_enabled some_grp

    Hmmm ... with this automatic copy, and with the carefully imposed
    sequence of operations on the order in which such metered groups can be
    setup and torn down, you are implicitly imposing additional constraints
    on what configurations of cpusets support metered cpu groups

    The constraints seem to be that all metered child cpusets of a
    metered parent must have the same cpus and mems, and must also be
    marked metered. And the parent must be cpu_exclusive, and the children
    cannot be cpu_exclusive. And the children must have no children of
    their own.

    I can certainly imagine that such constraints make it easier to write
    correct scheduler group management code. And I can certainly allow
    that the cpuset style API, allowing one bit at a time to be changed
    with each separate open/write/close sequence of system calls, makes it
    difficult to impose such constraints over the state of several settings
    at once.

    It sure would be nice to avoid the implicit side affects of copying
    parent state on the mkdir, and it sure would be nice to reduce the
    enforced sequencing of operations. Off hand, I don't see how to do
    this, however.

    If you actually ended up using cpusets for this API, then this deserves
    some more head scratching.

    In the "validate_meters()" routine:

    + /* Cant change meter setting if parent is metered */
    + if (is_changed && parent && is_metered(parent))
    + return -EINVAL;

    Would the narrower check "Must meter child of metered parent":
    if (parent && is_metered(parent) && !is_metered(trial))
    be sufficient?


    + /* Turn on metering only if a cpuset is exclusive */
    + if (is_metered(trial) && !is_cpu_exclusive(cur))
    + return -EINVAL;
    +
    + /* Cant change exclusive setting if a cpuset is metered */
    + if (!is_cpu_exclusive(trial) && is_metered(cur))
    + return -EINVAL;

    Can the above two checks be collapsed to one check:

    /* Can only meter if cpu_exclusive */
    if (is_metered(trial) && !is_cpu_exclusive(trial))
    return -EINVAL;

    Hmmm ... perhaps that's not right either. If I understood this right,
    the -children- in a metered group are -always- marked meter on, and
    cpu_exclusive off. So they would pass neither your two checks, nor my
    one rewrite.

    After doing your example, try:
    /bin/echo 1 > /dev/cpuset/grp_a/very_imp_grp/notify_on_release
    and see if it fails, EINVAL. I'll bet it does.


    + /* Cant change exclusive setting if parent is metered */
    + if (parent && is_metered(parent) && is_cpu_exclusive(trial))
    + return -EINVAL;

    Comment doesn't seem to match code. s/change/turn on/ ?

    +#ifdef CONFIG_CPUMETER
    + FILE_METER_FLAG,
    + FILE_METER_QUOTA,
    +#endif

    Could these names match the per-cpuset file names:
    FILE_CPU_METER_ENABLED
    FILE_CPU_METER_QUOTA


    One other question ... how does all this interact with Suresh's
    dynamic sched domains?

    --
    I won't rest till it's the best ...
    Programmer, Linux Scalability
    Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> 1.925.600.0401
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