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SubjectRe: [RFC] Apple Motion Sensor driver
From
Date
On Sun, 2006-07-02 at 20:14 -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Mon, 3 Jul 2006 00:26:49 +0200
> Michael Hanselmann <linux-kernel@hansmi.ch> wrote:
>
> > Below you find the latest revision of my AMS driver.
>
> I was about to merge the below, then this comes along. Now what?

Michael's driver is a new version that adds support for non-i2c (PMU
based) chips found on new machines. It would be nice to have it, though
it definitely needs a bit of review from Stelian, the original author.

What I would suggest at this point is to merge Stelian's original
driver, as you were about todo, then have Michael produce a patch
against it to be reviewed that could then be merged later on. I'm fine
having that "later on" still be in the 2.6.18 timeframe since we aren't
talking about anything critical here, just a fairly minor driver update
that is nice to have, but we can decide that later based on the reviews
of Michael's changes).

Cheers,
Ben.


> From: Stelian Pop <stelian@popies.net>
>
> This driver provides support for the Apple Motion Sensor (ams), which
> provides an accelerometer and other misc. data. Some Apple PowerBooks
> (the series the PowerBook5,6 falls into, later ones have a slightly
> different one the driver doesn't handle) are supported. The accelerometer
> data is readable via sysfs.
>
> This driver also provides an absolute input class device, allowing the
> laptop to act as a pinball machine-esque joystick.
>
> In the future (once the proper API exist in the block layer) this driver
> will tell the laptop disk to protect its heads in the event of a
> catastrophic fall.
>
> Signed-off-by: Stelian Pop <stelian@popies.net>
> Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Dmitry Torokhov <dtor_core@ameritech.net>
> Cc: Robert Love <rml@novell.com>
> Cc: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>
>
>
> drivers/hwmon/Kconfig | 17 +
> drivers/hwmon/Makefile | 1
> drivers/hwmon/ams.c | 544 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 562 insertions(+)
>
> diff -puN /dev/null drivers/hwmon/ams.c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ a/drivers/hwmon/ams.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,544 @@
> +/*
> + * Apple Motion Sensor driver
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2005 Stelian Pop (stelian@popies.net)
> + *
> + * Clean room implementation based on the reverse engineered OSX driver by
> + * Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>, documentation available at
> + * http://johannes.sipsolutions.net/PowerBook/Apple_Motion_Sensor_Specification
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
> + * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/config.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/input.h>
> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/of_device.h>
> +#include <asm/pmac_feature.h>
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Apple Motion Sensor driver");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Stelian Pop");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +
> +static unsigned int mouse;
> +module_param(mouse, bool, 0);
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(mouse, "enable the input class device on module load");
> +
> +/* AMS registers */
> +#define AMS_COMMAND 0x00 /* command register */
> +#define AMS_STATUS 0x01 /* status register */
> +#define AMS_CTRL1 0x02 /* read control 1 (number of values) */
> +#define AMS_CTRL2 0x03 /* read control 2 (offset?) */
> +#define AMS_CTRL3 0x04 /* read control 3 (size of each value?) */
> +#define AMS_DATA1 0x05 /* read data 1 */
> +#define AMS_DATA2 0x06 /* read data 2 */
> +#define AMS_DATA3 0x07 /* read data 3 */
> +#define AMS_DATA4 0x08 /* read data 4 */
> +#define AMS_DATAX 0x20 /* data X */
> +#define AMS_DATAY 0x21 /* data Y */
> +#define AMS_DATAZ 0x22 /* data Z */
> +#define AMS_FREEFALL 0x24 /* freefall int control */
> +#define AMS_SHOCK 0x25 /* shock int control */
> +#define AMS_SENSLOW 0x26 /* sensitivity low limit */
> +#define AMS_SENSHIGH 0x27 /* sensitivity high limit */
> +#define AMS_CTRLX 0x28 /* control X */
> +#define AMS_CTRLY 0x29 /* control Y */
> +#define AMS_CTRLZ 0x2A /* control Z */
> +#define AMS_UNKNOWN1 0x2B /* unknown 1 */
> +#define AMS_UNKNOWN2 0x2C /* unknown 2 */
> +#define AMS_UNKNOWN3 0x2D /* unknown 3 */
> +#define AMS_VENDOR 0x2E /* vendor */
> +
> +/* AMS commands - use with the AMS_COMMAND register */
> +enum ams_cmd {
> + AMS_CMD_NOOP = 0,
> + AMS_CMD_VERSION,
> + AMS_CMD_READMEM,
> + AMS_CMD_WRITEMEM,
> + AMS_CMD_ERASEMEM,
> + AMS_CMD_READEE,
> + AMS_CMD_WRITEEE,
> + AMS_CMD_RESET,
> + AMS_CMD_START,
> +};
> +
> +struct ams {
> + char init; /* has it been initialized ? */
> + int bus; /* i2c bus */
> + int address; /* i2c address */
> + struct i2c_client client; /* i2c client */
> + struct of_device *of_dev; /* sysfs device */
> + char vflag; /* use orient1 or orient2 ? */
> + u32 orient1; /* orientation words */
> + u32 orient2;
> + int irq1; /* first irq line */
> + int irq2; /* second irq line */
> + struct work_struct worker; /* worker thread */
> + struct input_dev *idev; /* input device */
> + int xcalib; /* calibrated null value for x */
> + int ycalib; /* calibrated null value for y */
> + int zcalib; /* calibrated null value for z */
> + struct mutex input_mutex;
> + struct task_struct *kthread; /* kthread for input */
> +};
> +
> +static struct ams ams;
> +
> +static int ams_attach(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
> +static int ams_detach(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver ams_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "ams",
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + },
> + .attach_adapter = ams_attach,
> + .detach_adapter = ams_detach,
> +};
> +
> +static inline s32 ams_read(u8 reg)
> +{
> + return i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(&ams.client, reg);
> +}
> +
> +static inline int ams_write(u8 reg, u8 value)
> +{
> + return i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(&ams.client, reg, value);
> +}
> +
> +static int ams_cmd(enum ams_cmd cmd)
> +{
> + s32 result;
> + int i;
> +
> + ams_write(AMS_COMMAND, cmd);
> + for (i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
> + mdelay(5);
> + result = ams_read(AMS_COMMAND);
> + if (result == 0 || result & 0x80)
> + return 0;
> + }
> + return -1;
> +}
> +
> +static void ams_sensors(s8 *x, s8 *y, s8 *z)
> +{
> + u32 orient;
> +
> + *x = ams_read(AMS_DATAX);
> + *y = ams_read(AMS_DATAY);
> + *z = ams_read(AMS_DATAZ);
> +
> + orient = ams.vflag ? ams.orient2 : ams.orient1;
> + if (orient & 0x80) {
> + s8 tmp = *x;
> + *x = *y;
> + *y = tmp;
> + }
> + if (orient & 0x04)
> + *z = ~*z;
> + if (orient & 0x02)
> + *y = ~*y;
> + if (orient & 0x01)
> + *x = ~*x;
> +
> + /* printk(KERN_DEBUG "ams: Sensors (%d, %d, %d)\n", *x, *y, *z); */
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t ams_show_x(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> + char *buf)
> +{
> + int retval;
> + s8 x, y, z;
> +
> + ams_sensors(&x, &y, &z);
> + retval = snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", x);
> + return retval;
> +}
> +static DEVICE_ATTR(x, S_IRUGO, ams_show_x, NULL);
> +
> +static ssize_t ams_show_y(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> + char *buf)
> +{
> + int retval;
> + s8 x, y, z;
> +
> + ams_sensors(&x, &y, &z);
> + retval = snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", y);
> + return retval;
> +}
> +static DEVICE_ATTR(y, S_IRUGO, ams_show_y, NULL);
> +
> +static ssize_t ams_show_z(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> + char *buf)
> +{
> + int retval;
> + s8 x, y, z;
> +
> + ams_sensors(&x, &y, &z);
> + retval = snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", z);
> + return retval;
> +}
> +
> +static DEVICE_ATTR(z, S_IRUGO, ams_show_z, NULL);
> +
> +static int ams_mouse_kthread(void *data)
> +{
> + s8 x, y, z;
> +
> + while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
> + ams_sensors(&x, &y, &z);
> +
> + input_report_abs(ams.idev, ABS_X, x - ams.xcalib);
> + input_report_abs(ams.idev, ABS_Y, y - ams.ycalib);
> + input_report_abs(ams.idev, ABS_Z, z - ams.zcalib);
> +
> + input_sync(ams.idev);
> +
> + msleep(25);
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void ams_mouse_enable(void)
> +{
> + s8 x, y, z;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ams.input_mutex);
> +
> + if (ams.idev)
> + goto out;
> +
> + ams_sensors(&x, &y, &z);
> + ams.xcalib = x;
> + ams.ycalib = y;
> + ams.zcalib = z;
> +
> + ams.idev = input_allocate_device();
> + if (!ams.idev)
> + goto out;
> +
> + ams.idev->name = "Apple Motion Sensor";
> + ams.idev->id.bustype = BUS_I2C;
> + ams.idev->id.vendor = 0;
> +
> + input_set_abs_params(ams.idev, ABS_X, -50, 50, 3, 0);
> + input_set_abs_params(ams.idev, ABS_Y, -50, 50, 3, 0);
> + input_set_abs_params(ams.idev, ABS_Z, -50, 50, 3, 0);
> +
> + set_bit(EV_ABS, ams.idev->evbit);
> + set_bit(EV_KEY, ams.idev->evbit);
> + set_bit(BTN_TOUCH, ams.idev->keybit);
> +
> + if (input_register_device(ams.idev)) {
> + input_free_device(ams.idev);
> + ams.idev = NULL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ams.kthread = kthread_run(ams_mouse_kthread, NULL, "kams");
> + if (IS_ERR(ams.kthread)) {
> + input_unregister_device(ams.idev);
> + ams.idev = NULL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +out:
> + mutex_unlock(&ams.input_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static void ams_mouse_disable(void)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&ams.input_mutex);
> +
> + if (!ams.idev)
> + goto out;
> +
> + kthread_stop(ams.kthread);
> +
> + input_unregister_device(ams.idev);
> +
> + ams.idev = NULL;
> +out:
> + mutex_unlock(&ams.input_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t ams_show_mouse(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> + char *buf)
> +{
> + return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", mouse);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t ams_store_mouse(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> + const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> + if (sscanf(buf, "%d\n", &mouse) != 1)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + mouse = !!mouse;
> +
> + if (mouse)
> + ams_mouse_enable();
> + else
> + ams_mouse_disable();
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +static DEVICE_ATTR(mouse, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, ams_show_mouse, ams_store_mouse);
> +
> +static void ams_worker(void *data)
> +{
> + /* TODO: park hard disk drives like OSX ? */
> + if (ams_read(AMS_FREEFALL) & 0x80)
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: freefall interrupt\n");
> + if (ams_read(AMS_SHOCK) & 0x80)
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: shock interrupt\n");
> +
> + ams_write(AMS_FREEFALL, 0);
> + ams_write(AMS_SHOCK, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t ams_interrupt(int irq, void *devid, struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + if (ams.init)
> + schedule_work(&ams.worker);
> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +static int ams_attach(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> + int vmaj, vmin;
> + unsigned long bus;
> +
> + if (ams.init)
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (strncmp(adapter->name, "uni-n", 5))
> + return -ENODEV;
> + bus = simple_strtoul(adapter->name + 6, NULL, 10);
> + if (bus != ams.bus)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + ams.client.addr = ams.address;
> + ams.client.adapter = adapter;
> + ams.client.driver = &ams_driver;
> + strcpy(ams.client.name, "Apple Motion Sensor");
> +
> + if (ams_cmd(AMS_CMD_RESET)) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Failed to reset the device\n");
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + if (ams_cmd(AMS_CMD_START)) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Failed to start the device\n");
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + /* get version/vendor information */
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRL1, 0x02);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRL2, 0x85);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRL3, 0x01);
> +
> + ams_cmd(AMS_CMD_READMEM);
> +
> + vmaj = ams_read(AMS_DATA1);
> + vmin = ams_read(AMS_DATA2);
> + if (vmaj != 1 || vmin != 52) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Incorrect device version (%d.%d)\n",
> + vmaj, vmin);
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + ams_cmd(AMS_CMD_VERSION);
> +
> + vmaj = ams_read(AMS_DATA1);
> + vmin = ams_read(AMS_DATA2);
> + if (vmaj != 0 || vmin != 1) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Incorrect firmware version (%d.%d)\n",
> + vmaj, vmin);
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + if (ams_read(AMS_VENDOR) & 0x10)
> + ams.vflag = 1;
> +
> + /* write initial values */
> + ams_write(AMS_SENSLOW, 0x15);
> + ams_write(AMS_SENSHIGH, 0x60);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLX, 0x08);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLY, 0x0F);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLZ, 0x4F);
> + ams_write(AMS_UNKNOWN1, 0x14);
> +
> + ams_write(AMS_FREEFALL, 0);
> + ams_write(AMS_SHOCK, 0);
> +
> + /* enable interrupts */
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLX, 0x88);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLY, 0x8F);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLZ, 0xCF);
> +
> + if (i2c_attach_client(&ams.client)) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Failed to attach the client\n");
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + if (mouse)
> + ams_mouse_enable();
> +
> + ams.init = 1;
> +
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Apple Motion Sensor enabled\n");
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int ams_detach(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> + if (!ams.init)
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (ams.idev)
> + ams_mouse_disable();
> +
> + i2c_detach_client(&ams.client);
> +
> + /* disable and ack interrupts */
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLX, 0x08);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLY, 0x0F);
> + ams_write(AMS_CTRLZ, 0x4F);
> + ams_write(AMS_FREEFALL, 0);
> + ams_write(AMS_SHOCK, 0);
> +
> + ams.init = 0;
> +
> + printk(KERN_INFO "ams: Apple Motion Sensor disabled\n");
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init ams_init(void)
> +{
> + struct device_node* np;
> + u32 *prop;
> + int retval = -ENODEV;
> +
> + np = of_find_node_by_name(NULL, "accelerometer");
> + if (!np)
> + goto out;
> + if (!device_is_compatible(np, "AAPL,accelerometer_1"))
> + goto out;
> +
> + prop = (u32 *)get_property(np, "orientation", NULL);
> + if (!prop) {
> + retval = -EIO;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + ams.orient1 = *prop;
> + ams.orient2 = *(prop + 1);
> +
> + prop = (u32 *)get_property(np, "reg", NULL);
> + if (!prop)
> + goto out;
> +
> + /* look for bus either by path or using "reg" */
> + if (strstr(np->full_name, "/i2c-bus@") != NULL) {
> + const char *tmp_bus = (strstr(np->full_name, "/i2c-bus@") + 9);
> + ams.bus = tmp_bus[0]-'0';
> + } else {
> + ams.bus = ((*prop) >> 8) & 0x0f;
> + }
> + ams.address = ((*prop) & 0xff) >> 1;
> +
> + np = of_find_node_by_name(NULL, "accelerometer-1");
> + if (!np || np->n_intrs < 1)
> + goto out;
> +
> + ams.irq1 = np->intrs[0].line;
> +
> + np = of_find_node_by_name(NULL, "accelerometer-2");
> + if (!np || np->n_intrs < 1)
> + goto out;
> +
> + ams.irq2 = np->intrs[0].line;
> +
> + if (request_irq(ams.irq1, ams_interrupt, 0, "accelerometer-1",
> + NULL < 0))
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (request_irq(ams.irq2, ams_interrupt, 0, "accelerometer-2",
> + NULL < 0))
> + goto free_irq1;
> +
> + INIT_WORK(&ams.worker, ams_worker, NULL);
> +
> + if ((ams.of_dev = of_platform_device_create(np, "ams", NULL)) == NULL)
> + goto free_irq2;
> +
> + mutex_init(&ams.input_mutex);
> +
> + device_create_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_x);
> + device_create_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_y);
> + device_create_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_z);
> + device_create_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_mouse);
> +
> + if (i2c_add_driver(&ams_driver) < 0)
> + goto free_device_files;
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +free_device_files:
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_x);
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_y);
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_z);
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_mouse);
> + mutex_destroy(&ams.input_mutex);
> +free_irq2:
> + free_irq(ams.irq2, NULL);
> +free_irq1:
> + free_irq(ams.irq1, NULL);
> +out:
> + return retval;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit ams_exit(void)
> +{
> + i2c_del_driver(&ams_driver);
> +
> + free_irq(ams.irq1, NULL);
> + free_irq(ams.irq2, NULL);
> +
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_x);
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_y);
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_z);
> + device_remove_file(&ams.of_dev->dev, &dev_attr_mouse);
> +
> + mutex_destroy(&ams.input_mutex);
> +
> + of_device_unregister(ams.of_dev);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(ams_init);
> +module_exit(ams_exit);
> diff -puN drivers/hwmon/Kconfig~apple-motion-sensor-driver drivers/hwmon/Kconfig
> --- a/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig~apple-motion-sensor-driver
> +++ a/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig
> @@ -507,6 +507,23 @@ config SENSORS_HDAPS
> Say Y here if you have an applicable laptop and want to experience
> the awesome power of hdaps.
>
> +config SENSORS_AMS
> + tristate "Apple Motion Sensor (ams)"
> + depends on HWMON && INPUT && PPC32
> + default n
> + help
> + This driver provides support for the Apple Motion Sensor (ams),
> + which provides an accelerometer and other misc. data.
> + Some Apple PowerBooks (the series the PowerBook5,6 falls into,
> + later ones have a slightly different one the driver doesn't handle)
> + are supported. The accelerometer data is readable via sysfs.
> +
> + This driver also provides an absolute input class device, allowing
> + the laptop to act as a pinball machine-esque joystick.
> +
> + Say Y here if you have an applicable laptop and want to experience
> + the awesome power of ams.
> +
> config HWMON_DEBUG_CHIP
> bool "Hardware Monitoring Chip debugging messages"
> depends on HWMON
> diff -puN drivers/hwmon/Makefile~apple-motion-sensor-driver drivers/hwmon/Makefile
> --- a/drivers/hwmon/Makefile~apple-motion-sensor-driver
> +++ a/drivers/hwmon/Makefile
> @@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM1025) += adm1025
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM1026) += adm1026.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM1031) += adm1031.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM9240) += adm9240.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_AMS) += ams.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ATXP1) += atxp1.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_DS1621) += ds1621.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_F71805F) += f71805f.o
> _

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