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Subject[PATCH -mm 5/7] add user namespace
This patch adds the user namespace.

Basically, it allows a process to unshare its user_struct table,
resetting at the same time its own user_struct and all the associated
accounting.

For the moment, the root_user is added to the new user namespace when
it is cloned. An alternative behavior would be to let the system
allocate a new user_struct(0) in each new user namespace. However,
these 0 users would not have the privileges of the root_user and it
would be necessary to work on the process capabilities to give them
some permissions.

Signed-off-by: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Cc: Kirill Korotaev <dev@openvz.org>
Cc: Andrey Savochkin <saw@sw.ru>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at>
Cc: Sam Vilain <sam.vilain@catalyst.net.nz>
Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>

---
fs/ioprio.c | 5 +
include/linux/init_task.h | 2
include/linux/nsproxy.h | 2
include/linux/sched.h | 6 +-
include/linux/user.h | 45 +++++++++++++++
init/Kconfig | 8 ++
kernel/nsproxy.c | 15 ++++-
kernel/sys.c | 8 +-
kernel/user.c | 135 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
9 files changed, 208 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/kernel/user.c
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/kernel/user.c
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/kernel/user.c
@@ -14,20 +14,28 @@
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/user.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/nsproxy.h>

/*
* UID task count cache, to get fast user lookup in "alloc_uid"
* when changing user ID's (ie setuid() and friends).
*/

-#define UIDHASH_BITS (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 3 : 8)
-#define UIDHASH_SZ (1 << UIDHASH_BITS)
#define UIDHASH_MASK (UIDHASH_SZ - 1)
#define __uidhashfn(uid) (((uid >> UIDHASH_BITS) + uid) & UIDHASH_MASK)
-#define uidhashentry(uid) (uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))
+#define uidhashentry(ns, uid) ((ns)->uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))

static kmem_cache_t *uid_cachep;
-static struct list_head uidhash_table[UIDHASH_SZ];
+
+struct user_namespace init_user_ns = {
+ .kref = {
+ .refcount = ATOMIC_INIT(2),
+ },
+};
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_user_ns);

/*
* The uidhash_lock is mostly taken from process context, but it is
@@ -84,19 +92,126 @@ static inline struct user_struct *uid_ha
return NULL;
}

+
+#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
+
+/*
+ * Clone a new ns copying an original user ns, setting refcount to 1
+ * @old_ns: namespace to clone
+ * Return NULL on error (failure to kmalloc), new ns otherwise
+ */
+static struct user_namespace *clone_user_ns(struct user_namespace *old_ns)
+{
+ struct user_namespace *ns;
+
+ ns = kmalloc(sizeof(struct user_namespace), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ns) {
+ int n;
+ struct user_struct *new_user;
+
+ kref_init(&ns->kref);
+
+ for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n)
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(ns->uidhash_table + n);
+
+ /* Insert default root user. An alternate solution
+ * would be to let the system allocate a new user 0
+ * for this namespace and work on capabilities to give
+ * the process some privileges.
+ */
+ spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
+ uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(ns, 0));
+ spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
+
+ /* Reset current->user with a new one */
+ new_user = alloc_uid(ns, current->uid);
+ if (!new_user) {
+ kfree(ns);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ switch_uid(new_user);
+ }
+ return ns;
+}
+
+/*
+ * unshare the current process' user namespace.
+ */
+int unshare_user_ns(unsigned long unshare_flags,
+ struct user_namespace **new_user)
+{
+ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) {
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ *new_user = clone_user_ns(current->nsproxy->user_ns);
+ if (!*new_user)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy task tsk's user namespace, or clone it if flags specifies
+ * CLONE_NEWUSER. In latter case, changes to the user namespace of
+ * this process won't be seen by parent, and vice versa.
+ */
+int copy_user_ns(int flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct user_namespace *old_ns = tsk->nsproxy->user_ns;
+ struct user_namespace *new_ns;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ if (!old_ns)
+ return 0;
+
+ get_user_ns(old_ns);
+
+ if (!(flags & CLONE_NEWUSER))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
+ err = -EPERM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ new_ns = clone_user_ns(old_ns);
+ if (!new_ns) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ tsk->nsproxy->user_ns = new_ns;
+
+out:
+ put_user_ns(old_ns);
+ return err;
+}
+
+void free_user_ns(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct user_namespace *ns;
+
+ ns = container_of(kref, struct user_namespace, kref);
+ kfree(ns);
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */
+
/*
* Locate the user_struct for the passed UID. If found, take a ref on it. The
* caller must undo that ref with free_uid().
*
* If the user_struct could not be found, return NULL.
*/
-struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t uid)
+struct user_struct *find_user(struct user_namespace *ns, uid_t uid)
{
struct user_struct *ret;
unsigned long flags;

spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
- ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(uid));
+ ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(ns, uid));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
return ret;
}
@@ -120,9 +235,9 @@ void free_uid(struct user_struct *up)
}
}

-struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t uid)
+struct user_struct * alloc_uid(struct user_namespace *ns, uid_t uid)
{
- struct list_head *hashent = uidhashentry(uid);
+ struct list_head *hashent = uidhashentry(ns, uid);
struct user_struct *up;

spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
@@ -200,11 +315,11 @@ static int __init uid_cache_init(void)
0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);

for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n)
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(uidhash_table + n);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(init_user_ns.uidhash_table + n);

/* Insert the root user immediately (init already runs as root) */
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
- uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(0));
+ uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(&init_user_ns, 0));
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);

return 0;
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/nsproxy.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/include/linux/nsproxy.h
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/nsproxy.h
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
struct namespace;
struct uts_namespace;
struct ipc_namespace;
+struct user_namespace;

/*
* A structure to contain pointers to all per-process
@@ -25,6 +26,7 @@ struct nsproxy {
spinlock_t nslock;
struct uts_namespace *uts_ns;
struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
+ struct user_namespace *user_ns;
struct namespace *namespace;
};
extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy;
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/user.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/include/linux/user.h
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/user.h
@@ -1 +1,46 @@
+#ifndef _LINUX_USER_H
+#define _LINUX_USER_H
+
#include <asm/user.h>
+
+#define UIDHASH_BITS (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 3 : 8)
+#define UIDHASH_SZ (1 << UIDHASH_BITS)
+
+struct user_namespace {
+ struct kref kref;
+ struct list_head uidhash_table[UIDHASH_SZ];
+};
+
+extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns;
+
+static inline void get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
+{
+ kref_get(&ns->kref);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
+extern int unshare_user_ns(unsigned long unshare_flags,
+ struct user_namespace **new_user);
+extern int copy_user_ns(int flags, struct task_struct *tsk);
+extern void free_user_ns(struct kref *kref);
+
+static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
+{
+ kref_put(&ns->kref, free_user_ns);
+}
+#else
+static inline int unshare_user_ns(unsigned long unshare_flags,
+ struct user_namespace **new_user)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+static inline int copy_user_ns(int flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/kernel/nsproxy.c
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/kernel/nsproxy.c
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/kernel/nsproxy.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/namespace.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
+#include <linux/user.h>

static inline void get_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns)
{
@@ -65,6 +66,8 @@ struct nsproxy *dup_namespaces(struct ns
get_uts_ns(ns->uts_ns);
if (ns->ipc_ns)
get_ipc_ns(ns->ipc_ns);
+ if (ns->user_ns)
+ get_user_ns(ns->user_ns);
}

return ns;
@@ -85,7 +88,8 @@ int copy_namespaces(int flags, struct ta

get_nsproxy(old_ns);

- if (!(flags & (CLONE_NEWNS | CLONE_NEWUTS | CLONE_NEWIPC)))
+ if (!(flags & (CLONE_NEWNS | CLONE_NEWUTS | CLONE_NEWIPC |
+ CLONE_NEWUSER)))
return 0;

new_ns = clone_namespaces(old_ns);
@@ -108,10 +112,17 @@ int copy_namespaces(int flags, struct ta
if (err)
goto out_ipc;

+ err = copy_user_ns(flags, tsk);
+ if (err)
+ goto out_user;
+
out:
put_nsproxy(old_ns);
return err;

+out_user:
+ if (new_ns->ipc_ns)
+ put_ipc_ns(new_ns->ipc_ns);
out_ipc:
if (new_ns->uts_ns)
put_uts_ns(new_ns->uts_ns);
@@ -132,5 +143,7 @@ void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns)
put_uts_ns(ns->uts_ns);
if (ns->ipc_ns)
put_ipc_ns(ns->ipc_ns);
+ if (ns->user_ns)
+ put_user_ns(ns->user_ns);
kfree(ns);
}
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/sched.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/include/linux/sched.h
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#define CLONE_STOPPED 0x02000000 /* Start in stopped state */
#define CLONE_NEWUTS 0x04000000 /* New utsname group? */
#define CLONE_NEWIPC 0x08000000 /* New ipcs */
+#define CLONE_NEWUSER 0x10000000 /* New user */

/*
* Scheduling policies
@@ -243,6 +244,7 @@ extern signed long schedule_timeout_unin
asmlinkage void schedule(void);

struct nsproxy;
+struct user_namespace;

/* Maximum number of active map areas.. This is a random (large) number */
#define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT 65536
@@ -537,7 +539,7 @@ struct user_struct {
uid_t uid;
};

-extern struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t);
+extern struct user_struct *find_user(struct user_namespace *, uid_t);

extern struct user_struct root_user;
#define INIT_USER (&root_user)
@@ -1204,7 +1206,7 @@ extern void set_special_pids(pid_t sessi
extern void __set_special_pids(pid_t session, pid_t pgrp);

/* per-UID process charging. */
-extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t);
+extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(struct user_namespace *, uid_t);
static inline struct user_struct *get_uid(struct user_struct *u)
{
atomic_inc(&u->__count);
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/init/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/init/Kconfig
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/init/Kconfig
@@ -237,6 +237,14 @@ config UTS_NS
vservers, to use uts namespaces to provide different
uts info for different servers. If unsure, say N.

+config USER_NS
+ bool "User Namespaces"
+ default n
+ help
+ Support user namespaces. This allows containers, i.e.
+ vservers, to use user namespaces to provide different
+ user info for different servers. If unsure, say N.
+
config AUDIT
bool "Auditing support"
depends on NET
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/init_task.h
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/ipc.h>
+#include <linux/user.h>

#define INIT_FDTABLE \
{ \
@@ -78,6 +79,7 @@ extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy;
.uts_ns = &init_uts_ns, \
.namespace = NULL, \
INIT_IPC_NS(ipc_ns) \
+ .user_ns = &init_user_ns, \
}

#define INIT_SIGHAND(sighand) { \
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/fs/ioprio.c
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/fs/ioprio.c
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/fs/ioprio.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/nsproxy.h>

static int set_task_ioprio(struct task_struct *task, int ioprio)
{
@@ -101,7 +102,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_ioprio_set(int which
if (!who)
user = current->user;
else
- user = find_user(who);
+ user = find_user(current->nsproxy->user_ns, who);

if (!user)
break;
@@ -171,7 +172,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_ioprio_get(int which
if (!who)
user = current->user;
else
- user = find_user(who);
+ user = find_user(current->nsproxy->user_ns, who);

if (!user)
break;
Index: 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/kernel/sys.c
===================================================================
--- 2.6.18-rc1-mm1.orig/kernel/sys.c
+++ 2.6.18-rc1-mm1/kernel/sys.c
@@ -544,7 +544,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_setpriority(int whic
if (!who)
who = current->uid;
else
- if ((who != current->uid) && !(user = find_user(who)))
+ if ((who != current->uid) &&
+ !(user = find_user(current->nsproxy->user_ns, who)))
goto out_unlock; /* No processes for this user */

do_each_thread(g, p)
@@ -602,7 +603,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_getpriority(int whic
if (!who)
who = current->uid;
else
- if ((who != current->uid) && !(user = find_user(who)))
+ if ((who != current->uid) &&
+ !(user = find_user(current->nsproxy->user_ns, who)))
goto out_unlock; /* No processes for this user */

do_each_thread(g, p)
@@ -935,7 +937,7 @@ static int set_user(uid_t new_ruid, int
{
struct user_struct *new_user;

- new_user = alloc_uid(new_ruid);
+ new_user = alloc_uid(current->nsproxy->user_ns, new_ruid);
if (!new_user)
return -EAGAIN;

--
-
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