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SubjectRe: [RFC] Slimming down struct inode
On Fri, Jun 09, 2006 at 07:50:08PM -0400, Theodore Ts'o wrote:
> 4) i_state and i_flags are both 4-byte longs, but they only need to be
> 2-byte shorts, and could be placed next to each other.

void wake_up_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
/*
* Prevent speculative execution through spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
*/
smp_mb();
wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_LOCK);
}
> 5) Nuke i_cindex. This is only used by ieee1394's
> ieee_file_to_instance. There must be another place where we can
> store this --- say, in a ieee1394-specific field in struct file? Or
> maybe it can be derived some other way, but to chew up 4 bytes in
> i_cindex for all inodes just for ieee1394's benefit seems like the
> Wrong Thing(tm).

No, it's actually the right thing for _all_ char devices. And it's used
before we get a struct file. If anything, ->i_rdev should go long-term...

> 6) Separate out those elements which are only used if the inode is open
> into a separate data structure (call it "struct inode_state" for
> the sake of argument):
>
> i_flock, i_mapping, i_data, i_dnotify_mask, i_dnotify,
> inotify_watches, inotify_sem, i_state, dirtied_when,
> i_size_seqcount, i_mutex, i_alloc_sem
>
> This is the motherload. Moving these fields out to a separate
> structure which is only allocated for inodes which are open will save
> a huge amount of memory. But, of course, sweeping through all of the
> code which uses these variables to move them would be a major code
> change. (We can do it initially with #define magic, but we will need
> to audit the code paths to see if it's always to safe to assume that
> inode is open before dereferencing the i_state pointer, or whether we
> need to check to see if it is valid first.)

It is not safe e.g. for ->i_mutex, since that puppy is used not only when
there's an opened file over this inode (or, in fact, before any method
had been called for this inode).

It is _certainly_ not safe for ->i_state (take a look at fs/inode.c).

It is not safe for ->i_data, unless you are willing to dispose of page
cache on close (even leaving aside such things as directories).

No comments on idiotify fields - IIRC, they can also be used before any
->open() on the inode in question.
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