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SubjectRe: 2.6.17-mm one process gets stuck in infinite loop in the kernel.
Helge Hafting <helgehaf@aitel.hist.no> wrote:
>
> On Thu, Jun 29, 2006 at 10:41:17AM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Thu, 29 Jun 2006 13:25:20 +0200
> > Helge Hafting <helge.hafting@aitel.hist.no> wrote:
> >
> > > I have seen this both with mm2, m33 and mm4.
> > > Suddenly, the load meter jumps.
> > > Using ps & top, I see one process using 100% cpu.
> > > This is always a process that was exiting, this tend to happen
> > > when I close applications, or doing debian upgrades which
> > > runs lots of short-lived processes.
> > >
> > > I believe it is running in the kernel, ps lists it with stat "RN"
> > > and it cannot be killed, not even with kill -9 from root.
> > >
> > > Something wrong with process termination?
> > >
> >
> > Please generate a kernel profile when it happens so we can see
> > where it got stuck.
> >
> > <boot with profile=1>
> > <wait for it to happen>
> > readprofile -r
> > sleep 10
> > readprofile -n -v -m /boot/System.map | sort -n -k 3 | tail -40
>
> It was easier to reproduce on my home machine, running mm2.
> I followed the recipe above, except typing manually means
> the wait was more than 10s.
>
> Output from the pipe above:
> ffffffff801f9050 do_get_write_access 210,0170
> ffffffff80111c20 __do_softirq 280,1591
> ffffffff8012e0e0 vm_stat_account 280,2917
> ffffffff80194890 search_exception_tables 491,5312
> ffffffff801f1380 ext3_journal_start_sb 821,0250
> ffffffff801fd670 __log_space_left 892,7812
> ffffffff8010bf50 __wake_up_bit 1252,6042
> ffffffff8010c2f0 put_page 1412,9375
> ffffffff8010dd30 mark_page_accessed 1732,1625
> ffffffff801a3340 __filemap_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic 1951,7411
> ffffffff801643f0 cond_resched 2001,5625
> ffffffff8015f241 error_exit 2431,8409
> ffffffff801a5dd0 balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited_nr 2580,5375
> ffffffff801f9aa0 journal_start 3211,0559
> ffffffff8011ac00 page_waitqueue 3813,9688
> ffffffff80139ea0 generic_commit_write 4254,4271
> ffffffff80117500 __block_commit_write 4902,3558
> ffffffff8010b320 __down_read_trylock 50210,4583
> ffffffff8013d100 block_prepare_write 57712,0208
> ffffffff80121800 __up_read 5833,3125
> ffffffff80117bc0 unlock_page 69214,4167
> ffffffff801fd710 journal_blocks_per_page 83426,0625
> ffffffff8012e0c0 __wake_up 89427,9375
> ffffffff80109d70 kmem_cache_alloc 112617,5938
> ffffffff801e78b0 walk_page_buffers 12657,1875
> ffffffff801ea920 ext3_ordered_commit_write 13525,2812
> ffffffff801074c0 kmem_cache_free 15807,5962
> ffffffff801f11e0 __ext3_journal_stop 169617,6667
> ffffffff801f96b0 start_this_handle 18711,8562
> ffffffff801f8e50 journal_stop 19063,7227
> ffffffff801eacf0 ext3_prepare_write 19915,9256
> ffffffff80113440 find_lock_page 205314,2569
> ffffffff8010f690 generic_file_buffered_write 21391,2612
> ffffffff8010deb0 __block_prepare_write 22841,9291
> ffffffff801e85c0 ext3_writepage_trans_blocks 279919,4375
> ffffffff80166356 bad_gs 33520,4129
> ffffffff80179070 search_extable 386834,5357
> ffffffff8010b400 find_vma 420137,5089
> ffffffff8010a180 do_page_fault 107535,1302
> 0000000000000000 total 516580,0124


Oh. This is probably the generic_file_buffer_write() hang, due to
zero-length iovec segments.

If so, the below should fix it up.

The presence of do_page_fault() in that trace is interesting. At a guess,
I'd say that userspace is passing in a bad iovec.iov_base as well as
iovec.iov_len=0, and the kernel's copy_from_user() implementation is
needlessly dereferencing the pointer, getting a fault, then seeing that it
didn't need to copy anything anyway. hmm.


diff -puN mm/filemap.c~generic_file_buffered_write-handle-zero-length-iovec-segments-stable mm/filemap.c
--- a/mm/filemap.c~generic_file_buffered_write-handle-zero-length-iovec-segments-stable
+++ a/mm/filemap.c
@@ -2125,6 +2125,12 @@ generic_file_buffered_write(struct kiocb
break;
}

+ if (unlikely(bytes == 0)) {
+ status = 0;
+ copied = 0;
+ goto zero_length_segment;
+ }
+
status = a_ops->prepare_write(file, page, offset, offset+bytes);
if (unlikely(status)) {
loff_t isize = i_size_read(inode);
@@ -2154,7 +2160,8 @@ generic_file_buffered_write(struct kiocb
page_cache_release(page);
continue;
}
- if (likely(copied > 0)) {
+zero_length_segment:
+ if (likely(copied >= 0)) {
if (!status)
status = copied;

diff -puN mm/filemap.h~generic_file_buffered_write-handle-zero-length-iovec-segments-stable mm/filemap.h
--- a/mm/filemap.h~generic_file_buffered_write-handle-zero-length-iovec-segments-stable
+++ a/mm/filemap.h
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ filemap_set_next_iovec(const struct iove
const struct iovec *iov = *iovp;
size_t base = *basep;

- while (bytes) {
+ do {
int copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - base);

bytes -= copy;
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ filemap_set_next_iovec(const struct iove
iov++;
base = 0;
}
- }
+ } while (bytes);
*iovp = iov;
*basep = base;
}
_

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