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SubjectRe: [2.6.16 PATCH] Filessytem Events Reporter V2
On Wed, Apr 05, 2006 at 09:21:26PM +0800, Yi Yang (yang.y.yi@gmail.com) wrote:
> Compared with Filesystem Events Reporter v1, the following changes are done:
> - Use workqueue/keventd instead of kfseventd.
> - fsevent_mask can be set by sysctl and proc
> interface.
> - Add missed spinlock
> - Ensure fsevent sequence number is uniqe
>
> This patch implements a filsystem events report facitily, Filesystem Events
> Reporter, the user can monitor filesystem activities via it, currently, it
> can monitor access, attribute change, open, create, modify, delete,
> move and close of any file or directory as well as mount/umount.

Comments below.

...
> +
> +static int fsevent_ack(enum fsevent_type type, pid_t pid, u32 seq)
> +{
> + struct fsevent *event;
> + unsigned int size;
> + struct sk_buff * skb = NULL;
> + struct nlmsghdr * nlhdr = NULL;
> +
> + size = NLMSG_SPACE(sizeof(struct fsevent));
> +
> + skb = alloc_skb(size, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!skb)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + nlhdr = NLMSG_PUT(skb, 0, seq, NLMSG_DONE, size - sizeof(*nlhdr));
> + event = NLMSG_DATA(nlhdr);
> +
> + ktime_get_ts(&event->timestamp);
> + event->cpu = -1;
> + event->type = type;
> + event->pid = 0;
> + event->uid = 0;
> + event->gid = 0;
> + event->len = 0;
> + event->pname_len = 0;
> + event->fname_len = 0;
> + event->new_fname_len = 0;
> + event->err = 0;
> +
> + NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = 0;
> + NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_pid = pid;
> + NETLINK_CB(skb).pid = 0;
> +
> + return (netlink_unicast(fsevent_sock, skb, pid, MSG_DONTWAIT));

netlink_unicast() uses boolean value but ont MSG_* flags for nonblocking,
so this should be netlink_unicast(fsevent_sock, skb, pid, 0);

> +nlmsg_failure:
> + kfree_skb(skb);
> + return -1;
> +}

...

> +static void fsevent_recv(struct sock *sk, int len)
> +{
> + struct sk_buff *skb = NULL;
> + struct nlmsghdr *nlhdr = NULL;
> + struct fsevent_filter * filter = NULL;
> + pid_t pid;
> +
> + while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&sk->sk_receive_queue)) != NULL) {
> + skb_get(skb);
> + if (skb->len >= FSEVENT_FILTER_MSGSIZE) {
> + nlhdr = (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data;
> + filter = NLMSG_DATA(nlhdr);
> + pid = NETLINK_CREDS(skb)->pid;
> + if (find_fsevent_listener(pid) == NULL)
> + atomic_inc(&fsevent_listener_num);
> + set_fsevent_filter(filter, pid);

What is the logic behind this steps?
If there are no listeners you increment it's number no matter if it will
or not be added in set_fsevent_filter().

> + }
> + kfree_skb(skb);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +#define DEFINE_FILTER_MATCH_FUNC(filtertype, key) \
> + static int match_##filtertype(listener * p, \
> + struct fsevent * event, \
> + struct sk_buff * skb) \
> + { \
> + int ret = 0; \
> + filtertype * xfilter = NULL; \
> + struct sk_buff * skb2 = NULL; \
> + struct list_head * head = &(p->key##_filter_list_head); \
> + list_for_each_entry(xfilter, head, list) { \
> + if (xfilter->key != event->key) \
> + continue; \
> + ret = filter_fsevent(xfilter->mask, event->type); \
> + if ( ret != 0) \
> + return -1; \
> + skb2 = skb_clone(skb, GFP_KERNEL); \
> + if (skb2 == NULL) \
> + return -ENOMEM; \
> + NETLINK_CB(skb2).dst_group = 0; \
> + NETLINK_CB(skb2).dst_pid = p->pid; \
> + NETLINK_CB(skb2).pid = 0; \
> + return (netlink_unicast(fsevent_sock, skb2, \
> + p->pid, MSG_DONTWAIT)); \

The same issue about nonblocking sending.

> + } \
> + return -ENODEV; \
> + } \
> +
> +DEFINE_FILTER_MATCH_FUNC(pid_filter, pid)
> +
> +DEFINE_FILTER_MATCH_FUNC(uid_filter, uid)
> +
> +DEFINE_FILTER_MATCH_FUNC(gid_filter, gid)
> +
> +#define MATCH_XID(key, listenerp, event, skb) \
> + ret = match_##key##_filter(listenerp, event, skb); \
> + if (ret == 0) { \
> + kfree_skb(skb); \
> + continue; \
> + } \
> + do {} while (0) \
> +
> +static int fsevent_send_to_process(struct sk_buff * skb)
> +{
> + listener * p = NULL, * q = NULL;
> + struct fsevent * event = NULL;
> + struct sk_buff * skb2 = NULL;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + event = (struct fsevent *)(skb->data + sizeof(struct nlmsghdr));
> + spin_lock(&listener_list_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(p, q, &listener_list_head, list) {
> + MATCH_XID(pid, p, event, skb);
> + MATCH_XID(uid, p, event, skb);
> + MATCH_XID(gid, p, event, skb);
> +
> + if (filter_fsevent(p->mask, event->type) == 0) {
> + skb2 = skb_clone(skb, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (skb2 == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + NETLINK_CB(skb2).dst_group = 0;
> + NETLINK_CB(skb2).dst_pid = p->pid;
> + NETLINK_CB(skb2).pid = 0;
> + ret = netlink_unicast(fsevent_sock, skb2,
> + p->pid, MSG_DONTWAIT);
> + if (ret == -ECONNREFUSED) {
> + atomic_dec(&fsevent_listener_num);
> + cleanup_dead_listener(p);
> + }
> + }
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&listener_list_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void fsevent_commit(void * unused)
> +{
> + struct sk_buff * skb = NULL;
> +
> + while((skb = skb_dequeue(&get_cpu_var(fsevent_send_queue)))
> + != NULL) {
> + fsevent_send_to_process(skb);
> + put_cpu_var(fsevent_send_queue);
> + }
> +}

Really strange mix of per-cpu variables for optimized performance and
global spin locking.
Consider using RCU for list of listeners.

You use unicast delivery for netlink messages.
According to my investigation [1], it's performance is better only when
there is only one listener (or maybe two in some cases), but then it is
noticebly slower than broadcasting.

1. http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-netdev&m=114424884216006&w=2

> +static struct ctl_table fsevent_mask_sysctl[] = {
> + {
> + .ctl_name = FSEVENT_MASK_CTL_NAME,
> + .procname = "fsevent_mask",
> + .data = &fsevents_mask,
> + .maxlen = sizeof(u32),
> + .mode = 0644,
> + .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
> + },
> + { .ctl_name = 0 }
> +};
> +
> +static struct ctl_table fs_root_sysctl[] = {
> + {
> + .ctl_name = CTL_FS,
> + .procname = "fs",
> + .mode = 0555,
> + .child = fsevent_mask_sysctl,
> + },
> + { .ctl_name = 0 }
> +};
> +
> +static int __init fsevent_init(void)
> +{
> + int cpu;
> + struct sk_buff_head * listptr;
> + struct work_struct * workptr;
> +
> + fsevent_sock = netlink_kernel_create(NETLINK_FSEVENT, 0,
> + fsevent_recv, THIS_MODULE);
> + if (!fsevent_sock)
> + return -EIO;
> + for_each_cpu(cpu) {
> + listptr = &per_cpu(fsevent_send_queue, cpu);
> + skb_queue_head_init(listptr);
> + workptr = &per_cpu(fsevent_work, cpu);
> + INIT_WORK(workptr, fsevent_commit, NULL);
> + }

Btw, you need some rebalancing of the per-cpu queues, probably in
keventd, since CPUs can go offline and your messages will stuck foreve
there.

> + if (register_sysctl_table(fs_root_sysctl, 0) == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit fsevent_exit(void)
> +{
> + listener * p = NULL, * q = NULL;
> + sock_release(fsevent_sock->sk_socket);
> + spin_lock(&listener_list_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(p, q, &listener_list_head, list) {
> + cleanup_dead_listener(p);
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&listener_list_lock);

Broken. Your work can be pending on this stage, but you already removed
and freed resources.

> +}
> +
> +module_init(fsevent_init);
> +module_exit(fsevent_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Yi Yang <yang.y.yi@gmail.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("File System Events Reporter");
>

--
Evgeniy Polyakov
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