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SubjectRe: [PATCH] i2c: pca954x I2C mux driver
Date
Any comment or acceptance of this patch?

- k

On Mar 30, 2006, at 5:11 PM, Kumar Gala wrote:

> Driver for the Phillips pca954x I2C mux/switches devices. These
> devices handle
> the fact that a number of I2C devices have limited address
> selection capablities
> and systems may end up having to mux to access all the I2C devices.
>
> The driver uses the i2c virtual adapter support to make each mux/
> switch port
> look like its own i2c bus.
>
> Signed-off-by: Kumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org>
>
> ---
> commit 735344d2f587938da9012070f881b725269c4dc9
> tree a12c50c7f3d34b44e33397863dc7e57f8fd0e3ec
> parent 862cbc263e3d3e44028d7465a912847cf5366163
> author Kumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org> Thu, 30 Mar 2006
> 17:05:14 -0600
> committer Kumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org> Thu, 30 Mar 2006
> 17:05:14 -0600
>
> drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig | 10 +
> drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile | 1
> drivers/i2c/chips/pca954x.c | 320 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> +++++++++++
> include/linux/i2c-id.h | 1
> 4 files changed, 332 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig b/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig
> index 7aa5c38..894c95e 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/chips/Kconfig
> @@ -56,6 +56,16 @@ config SENSORS_PCA9539
> This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
> will be called pca9539.
>
> +config SENSORS_PCA954x
> + tristate "Philips PCA954x I2C Mux/switches"
> + depends on I2C && I2C_VIRT && EXPERIMENTAL
> + help
> + If you say yes here you get support for the Philips PCA954x
> + I2C mux/switch devices.
> +
> + This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
> + will be called pca954x.
> +
> config SENSORS_PCF8591
> tristate "Philips PCF8591"
> depends on I2C && EXPERIMENTAL
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile b/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile
> index 779868e..e69190d 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/chips/Makefile
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_EEPROM) += eeprom.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_MAX6875) += max6875.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_M41T00) += m41t00.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCA9539) += pca9539.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCA954x) += pca954x.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCF8574) += pcf8574.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_PCF8591) += pcf8591.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_ISP1301_OMAP) += isp1301_omap.o
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/chips/pca954x.c b/drivers/i2c/chips/pca954x.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..f300493
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/chips/pca954x.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,320 @@
> +/*
> + * pca954x.c - Part of lm_sensors, Linux kernel modules for hardware
> + * monitoring
> + * This module supports the PCA954x series of I2C multiplexer/
> switch chips
> + * made by Philips Semiconductors. This includes the
> + * PCA9540, PCA9542, PCA9543, PCA9544, PCA9545, PCA9546, PCA9547
> and PCA9548.
> + *
> + * These chips are all controlled via the I2C bus itself, and all
> have a
> + * single 8-bit register (normally at 0x70). The upstream
> "parent" bus fans
> + * out to two, four, or eight downstream busses or channels; which
> of these
> + * are selected is determined by the chip type and register
> contents. A
> + * mux can select only one sub-bus at a time; a switch can select any
> + * combination simultaneously.
> + *
> + * Based on:
> + * pca954x.c from Ken Harrenstien
> + * Copyright (C) 2004 Google, Inc. (Ken Harrenstien)
> + *
> + * Based on:
> + * i2c-virtual_cb.c from Brian Kuschak <bkuschak@yahoo.com>
> + * and
> + * pca9540.c from Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>, which was
> + * based on pcf8574.c from the same project by Frodo Looijaard,
> + * Philip Edelbrock, Dan Eaton and Aurelien Jarno.
> + *
> + * This file is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
> + * License version 2. This program is licensed "as is" without any
> + * warranty of any kind, whether express or implied.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +
> +#define PCA954X_MAX_NCHANS 8
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver pca954x_driver;
> +
> +/* Addresses to scan: none. These chip cannot be detected. */
> +static unsigned short normal_i2c[] = { I2C_CLIENT_END };
> +
> +/* Chip type must normally be specified using a parameter of the form
> + "force_pca9544=0,0x70"
> + The following declares the possible types.
> +*/
> +I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_8(pca9540, pca9542, pca9543, pca9544,
> + pca9545, pca9546, pca9547, pca9548);
> +
> +struct pca954x_chipdef {
> + enum chips type;
> + const char *name;
> + u8 nchans;
> + u8 enable; /* used for muxes only */
> + enum muxtype { pca954x_ismux = 0, pca954x_isswi } muxtype;
> +};
> +
> +/* Provide specs for the PCA954x types we know about */
> +static struct pca954x_chipdef pca954x_chipdefs[] = {
> + {
> + .type = pca9540,
> + .name = "pca9540",
> + .nchans = 2,
> + .enable = 0x4,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_ismux,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9542,
> + .name = "pca9542",
> + .nchans = 2,
> + .enable = 0x4,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_ismux,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9543,
> + .name = "pca9543",
> + .nchans = 2,
> + .enable = 0x0,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_isswi,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9544,
> + .name = "pca9544",
> + .nchans = 4,
> + .enable = 0x4,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_ismux,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9545,
> + .name = "pca9545",
> + .nchans = 4,
> + .enable = 0x0,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_isswi,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9546,
> + .name = "pca9546",
> + .nchans = 4,
> + .enable = 0x0,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_isswi,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9547,
> + .name = "pca9547",
> + .nchans = 8,
> + .enable = 0x8,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_ismux,
> + },
> + {
> + .type = pca9548,
> + .name = "pca9548",
> + .nchans = 8,
> + .enable = 0x0,
> + .muxtype = pca954x_isswi,
> + },
> +};
> +
> +struct pca954x_data {
> + struct i2c_client client;
> + unsigned int chip_offset;
> + u8 last_chan;
> + struct i2c_adapter *virt_adapters[PCA954X_MAX_NCHANS];
> +};
> +
> +static int pca954x_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
> + struct i2c_client *client, int read_write, u8 * val)
> +{
> + int ret = -ENODEV;
> +
> + if (adap->algo->master_xfer) {
> + struct i2c_msg msg;
> + char buf[1];
> +
> + msg.addr = client->addr;
> + msg.flags = (read_write == I2C_SMBUS_READ ? I2C_M_RD : 0);
> + msg.len = 1;
> + buf[0] = *val;
> + msg.buf = buf;
> + ret = adap->algo->master_xfer(adap, &msg, 1);
> + } else if (adap->algo->smbus_xfer) {
> + union i2c_smbus_data data;
> + ret = adap->algo->smbus_xfer(adap,
> + client->addr,
> + client->flags & I2C_M_TEN,
> + read_write,
> + *val, I2C_SMBUS_BYTE, &data);
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int pca954x_select_chan(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
> + struct i2c_client *client, u32 chan)
> +{
> + struct pca954x_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> + struct pca954x_chipdef *chip = &pca954x_chipdefs[data->chip_offset];
> + u8 regval = 0;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + /* we make switches look like muxes, not sure how to be smarter */
> + if (chip->muxtype == pca954x_ismux)
> + regval = chan | chip->enable;
> + else
> + regval = 1 << chan;
> +
> + /* Only select the channel if its different from the last channel */
> + if (data->last_chan != chan) {
> + ret = pca954x_xfer(adap, client, I2C_SMBUS_WRITE, &regval);
> + data->last_chan = chan;
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int pca954x_deselect_mux(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
> + struct i2c_client *client, u32 value)
> +{
> + /* We never deselect, just stay on the last channel we selected */
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int pca954x_detect(struct i2c_adapter *bus, int address,
> int kind)
> +{
> + int i, n;
> + struct i2c_client *client;
> + struct pca954x_data *data;
> + int ret = -ENODEV;
> +
> + if (!i2c_check_functionality(bus, I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE))
> + goto err;
> +
> + if (!(data = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pca954x_data), GFP_KERNEL))) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + client = &data->client;
> + client->addr = address;
> + client->adapter = bus;
> + client->driver = &pca954x_driver;
> + client->flags = 0;
> + i2c_set_clientdata(client, data);
> + if (kind < 0) {
> + dev_err(&bus->dev, "Attempted ill-advised probe at addr 0x%x\n",
> + address);
> + goto exit_free;
> + }
> +
> + /* Read the mux register at addr. This does two things: it verifies
> + that the mux is in fact present, and fetches its current
> + contents for possible use with a future deselect algorithm.
> + */
> + if ((i = i2c_smbus_read_byte(client)) < 0) {
> + dev_warn(&bus->dev, "pca954x failed to read reg at 0x%x\n",
> + address);
> + goto exit_free;
> + }
> +
> + if (kind == any_chip) {
> + dev_warn(&bus->dev, "pca954x needs advice on chip type - "
> + "wildly guessing 0x%x is a PCA9540\n", address);
> + kind = pca9540;
> + }
> +
> + /* Look up in table */
> + for (i = sizeof(pca954x_chipdefs) / sizeof(pca954x_chipdefs[0]);
> + --i >= 0;) {
> + if (pca954x_chipdefs[i].type == kind)
> + break;
> + }
> + if (i < 0) {
> + dev_err(&bus->dev, "Internal error: unknown kind (%d)\n", kind);
> + goto exit_free;
> + }
> +
> + data->chip_offset = i;
> +
> + if ((ret = i2c_attach_client(client)))
> + goto exit_free;
> +
> + /* Now create virtual busses and adapters for them */
> + for (i = 0; i < pca954x_chipdefs[data->chip_offset].nchans; i++) {
> + data->virt_adapters[i] =
> + i2c_add_virt_adapter(bus, client, i,
> + &pca954x_select_chan,
> + &pca954x_deselect_mux);
> + if (data->virt_adapters[i] == NULL) {
> + ret = -ENODEV;
> + goto virt_reg_failed;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + dev_info(&client->dev,
> + "Registered %d virtual busses for I2C %s %s\n", i,
> + pca954x_chipdefs[data->chip_offset].muxtype == pca954x_ismux ?
> + "mux" : "switch", pca954x_chipdefs[data->chip_offset].name);
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +virt_reg_failed:
> + for (n = 0; n < i; n++)
> + i2c_del_virt_adapter(data->virt_adapters[n]);
> + i2c_detach_client(client);
> +exit_free:
> + kfree(data);
> +err:
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int pca954x_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> + return i2c_probe(adapter, &addr_data, pca954x_detect);
> +}
> +
> +static int pca954x_detach_client(struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> + struct pca954x_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> + struct pca954x_chipdef *chip = &pca954x_chipdefs[data->chip_offset];
> + int i, err;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < chip->nchans; ++i) {
> + if (data->virt_adapters[i]) {
> + if ((err =
> + i2c_del_virt_adapter(data->virt_adapters[i])))
> + return err;
> + data->virt_adapters[i] = NULL;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if ((err = i2c_detach_client(client)))
> + return err;
> +
> + kfree(data);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver pca954x_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "pca954x",
> + },
> + .id = I2C_DRIVERID_PCA954X,
> + .attach_adapter = pca954x_attach_adapter,
> + .detach_client = pca954x_detach_client,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init pca954x_init(void)
> +{
> + return i2c_add_driver(&pca954x_driver);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit pca954x_exit(void)
> +{
> + i2c_del_driver(&pca954x_driver);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(pca954x_init);
> +module_exit(pca954x_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Kumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("PCA954X I2C mux/switch driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> diff --git a/include/linux/i2c-id.h b/include/linux/i2c-id.h
> index 66d5533..f8f7f20 100644
> --- a/include/linux/i2c-id.h
> +++ b/include/linux/i2c-id.h
> @@ -112,6 +112,7 @@
> #define I2C_DRIVERID_X1205 82 /* Xicor/Intersil X1205 RTC */
> #define I2C_DRIVERID_PCF8563 83 /* Philips PCF8563 RTC */
> #define I2C_DRIVERID_RS5C372 84 /* Ricoh RS5C372 RTC */
> +#define I2C_DRIVERID_PCA954X 85 /* pca954x I2C mux/switch */
>
> #define I2C_DRIVERID_I2CDEV 900
> #define I2C_DRIVERID_ARP 902 /* SMBus ARP
> Client */
>
> -
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