[lkml]   [2006]   [Apr]   [27]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH 12/12] Documentation for Resource Groups
12/12 - res_groups_docs

Documentation describing important Resource Groups components such as
resource group, shares, controllers, and the configfs based user interface.

Signed-Off-By: Chandra Seetharaman <>
Signed-Off-By: Hubertus Franke <>
Signed-Off-By: Shailabh Nagar <>
Signed-Off-By: Gerrit Huizenga <>
Signed-Off-By: Vivek Kashyap <>
Signed-Off-By: Matt Helsley <>

res_groups_basics | 71 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
res_groups_install | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++
res_groups_usage | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 153 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2617-rc3/Documentation/res_groups/res_groups_basics
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2617-rc3/Documentation/res_groups/res_groups_basics 2006-04-27 10:18:48.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+Resource Groups Basics
+A brief review of Resoruce Groups concepts and terminology will help make
+installation and testing easier. For more details, please visit
+User defines a resource group, attaches some amount of resources to
+the resource group, and associates tasks with that resource group. Tasks
+belonging to that resource group will be bound by the amount of resource
+that is assigned to that group.
+User interface for the Resource Groups is through configfs. Resource group
+is depicted as as a directory. Hierarchy of resource groups can be
+created in which children of a resource group share resources allotted to
+the parent. Tasks can be attached to any resource group which is at any level.
+There is no correlation between parent-child relationship of tasks and
+the parent-child relationship of the resource groups they belong to.
+During fork(), resource group is inherited by a task. A privileged user can
+reassign a task to any resource group.
+Characteristics of a resource group can be accessed/changed through the
+following files under the directory representing the resource group:
+shares: allows changing shares of different resources managed by the
+ resource group
+stats: shows statistics associated with each resources managed by the
+ resource group
+members: allows assignment of tasks to a resource group and shows tasks
+ that are assigned to a resource group.
+Resource allocations of a resource group is resource group to the amount
+of resources available to the resource group's parent.
+Resource allocations for a resource group is controlled by the parameters:
+min_shares: Minimum amount shares that can be allocated by a resource group. A
+ special value of DONT_CARE(-3) means that there is no minimum
+ shares of a resource is specified. This resource group may not get
+ any resource if the system is running short on resources.
+max_shares: Specifies the maximum amount of resource that is allowed to be
+ allocated by a resource group. A special value DONT_CARE(-3) mean
+ that there is no specific limit is specified, this resource group
+ can get all the resources available.
+child_shares_divisor: total guarantee that is allowed among the children of
+ this resource group. In other words, the sum of "guarantee"s of all
+ children of this resource group cannot exit this number.
+Any of these parameter can have a special value, UNSUPPORTED(-2) meaning
+that the specific controller does not support this parameter. User's
+request to change the value will be ignored.
+None of this parameters neither absolute nor have any units associated with
+them. These are just numbers that are used to calculate the absolute number
+of resource available for a specific resource group.
+Absolute amount of minimum shares available for a resource group is
+calculuated as:
+ absolute minimum shares = (parent's absolute amount of resource) *
+ (resource group's min_shares / parent's child_shares_divisor)
+Maximum shares is also calculated in the same way.
+Root resource group is allocated all the resources available in the system.
+In other words absolute amount of resource available for the root resource
+group is same as that of what is available in the system.
+min_shares and max_shares are related to the parent, these values on
+the root resource group have no effect. Similarly, child_shares_divisor
+is related to children, and hence it has no effect on leaf resource groups.
Index: linux-2617-rc3/Documentation/res_groups/res_groups_install
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2617-rc3/Documentation/res_groups/res_groups_install 2006-04-27 10:18:48.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+1. Configure
+Select appropriate configuration options:
+ Enable configfs filesystem:
+ File systems --->
+ Pseudo filesystems --->
+ <M> Userspace-driven configuration filesystem (EXPERIMENTAL)
+ Enable Resource Group components:
+ General Setup --->
+ Resource Groups --->
+ [*] Resource Groups
+ <M> Resource Groups Configfs Subsystem (User API)
+ [*] Number of Tasks Resource Manager
+2. Build, boot the kernel
+3. Enable rgcs
+ # insmod <patchestree>/fs/configfs/configfs.ko # if compiled as module
+ # insmod <patchedtree>/kernel/res_config/rgcs.ko # if compiled in as module
+ # mount -t configfs none /config
+ This will create the directory /config/res_groups which is the root of
+ classes.
+4. Work with class hierarchy as explained in the file res_groups_usage
Index: linux-2617-rc3/Documentation/res_groups/res_groups_usage
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2617-rc3/Documentation/res_groups/res_groups_usage 2006-04-27 10:18:48.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+Usage of Resoruce Groups
+1. Create a resource group
+ # mkdir /config/res_groups/c1
+ creates a resource group named c1, while
+The newly created directory is automatically populated by magic files
+shares, stats, members, and attrib.
+2. View default shares of a resource group
+ # cat /config/res_groups/c1/shares
+ res=numtasks,min_shares=-3,max_shares=-3,child_total_divisor=100
+ Above is the default value set for resources that have controllers
+ registered with Resource Groups framework.
+3. change shares of a specific resource in a resource group
+ One or more of the following fields can/must be specified
+ res=<res_name> #mandatory
+ min_shares=<number>
+ max_shares=<number>
+ child_total_divisor=<number>
+ e.g.
+ # echo "res=numtasks,max_shares=20" > /config/res_groups/c1/shares
+ If any of these parameters are not specified, the current value will be
+ retained.
+4. Move a task to a different resource group
+ write the pid of the process to the destination resource group's members
+ file
+ # echo 1004 > /config/res_groups/c1/members
+5. Get a list of tasks assigned to a resource group
+ # cat /config/res_groups/c1/members
+ lists pids of tasks belonging to c1
+6. Get statictics of different resources of a resource group
+ # cat /config/res_groups/c1/stats
+ shows c1's statistics for each registered resource controller.
+7. Configuration settings for controllers
+ Configuration values for controller are available through module
+ parameter interfaces. Consult the controller specific documents for
+ details. For example, numtasks has it available through
+ /sys/module/numtasks/parameters.

Chandra Seetharaman | Be careful what you choose....
- | may get it.
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-04-28 03:46    [W:0.072 / U:9.116 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site