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SubjectRe: problems compiling kernel module
On Wed, Apr 19, 2006 at 09:44:08AM -0400, Fernando Barsoba wrote:
> I am really stuck with this thing.. For couple of days i have been
> trying to compile a kernel module. I have been following the info in
> http://www.faqs.org/docs/kernel/x204.html. But no success... i
> recompiled the latest kernel version, and i think i trying to compile
> the module against the source code for that kernel.. however, strange
> errors appear.

That way just doesn't work. Use kbuild instead of brewing your own
Makefiles. See http://lwn.net/Articles/21823/ .

> And here are the files:
>
> Code:
>
> /* hello-1.c - The simplest kernel module.
> */ #include <linux/module.h> /* Needed by all modules

Not necessary, IIRC.

> */ #include <linux/kernel.h> /* Needed for KERN_ALERT */

OK...

> int init_module(void) {
> printk("<1>Hello world 1.\n"); // A non 0 return means init_module

... so why don't you use KERN_ALERT instead of <1>?

Make that printk(KERN_ALERT "Hello, world!\n");

> failed; module can't be loaded.
> return 0;
> }
>
> void cleanup_module(void) {
> printk(KERN_ALERT "Goodbye world 1.\n");
> }
>
>
> Code:
>
> TARGET := hello-1
> WARN := -W -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wmissing-prototypes
> INCLUDE := -isystem /lib/modules/`uname -r`/build/include
> CFLAGS := -O2 -DMODULE -D__KERNEL__ ${WARN} ${INCLUDE} CC := gcc
> ${TARGET}.o: ${TARGET}.c
> .PHONY: clean
> clean: rm -rf {TARGET}.o

You want something like:

ifneq ($(KERNELRELEASE),)
obj-m := hello.o
else
KDIR := /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build
PWD := $(shell pwd)

default:
$(MAKE) -C $(KDIR) M=$(PWD) modules
endif


Erik

--
+-- Erik Mouw -- www.harddisk-recovery.com -- +31 70 370 12 90 --
| Lab address: Delftechpark 26, 2628 XH, Delft, The Netherlands
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