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Subjectschedstats refinement (was Re: [Lse-tech] Re: [Patch 2/7] Add sysctl for schedstats)
On Mon, Feb 27, 2006 at 08:17:47PM +1100, Nick Piggin wrote:
> Shailabh Nagar wrote:
> >schedstats-sysctl.patch
> >
> >Add sysctl option for controlling schedstats collection
> >dynamically. Delay accounting leverages schedstats for
> >cpu delay statistics.
> >
>
> I'd sort of rather not tie this in with schedstats if possible.
> Schedstats adds a reasonable amount of cache footprint and
> branches in hot paths. Most of schedstats stuff is something that
> hardly anyone will use.
>
> Sure you can share common code though...
>

This patch refines scheduler statistics collection and display to three levels,
tasks, runqueue and scheddomains. CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS now requires a boot time
option in the form of schedstats or schedstats= to display scheduler statistics

They can all be enabled together to get complete statistics by passing "all"
as a boot time option. schedstat_inc has been split into schedstat_rq_inc and
schedstat_sd_inc, each of which checks if rq and sd statistics gathering is
enabled or not. schedstat_add has been changed to schedstat_sd_add, it checks
if sd statistics gathering is on prior to gathering the statistics.
Similar changes have been made for task schedstats gathering.
The output of /proc/schedstat and /proc/<pid>/schedstat and /proc/<pid>/task/
*/schedstat has been modified to print a gentle message suggesting that
statistics gathering is off. Also a header "statistics for cpuXXX" has been
added (for each cpu) to the /proc/schedstat output.

This patch is motivated by comments for sharing code with
CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS but not incurring the complete overhead of the entire
CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS code.

Testing
=======
a) booted with schedstats (schedstats=all)
------------------------------------------
cat /proc/schedstat
version 13
timestamp 4294922919

statistics for cpu0

cpu0 10 10 132 142 240 97775 24181 48251 45935 5664 2376 73594
domain0 00000003 24464 24242 162 224 62 4 0 24242 149 148 0 1 1 0 0 148 24290 24117 64 173 109 0 0 24117 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4392 835 0
statistics for cpu1

cpu1 3 3 180 14504 387 50735 6520 15430 11035 4195 2376 44215
domain0 00000003 25870 25203 107 695 588 3 0 25203 198 198 0 0 0 0 0 198 6608 6428 91 184 93 0 0 6428 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2316 307 0
cat /proc/1/schedstat
506 34 1102


b) booted with schedstats=tasks
-------------------------------
cat /proc/schedstat
version 13
timestamp 4294937241
runqueue and scheddomain stats are not enabled

cat /proc/1/schedstat
505 58 1097

c) booted with schedstats=rq
-----------------------------
cat /proc/schedstat
version 13
timestamp 4294913832

statistics for cpu0

cpu0 14 14 56 102 260 96332 18867 47278 45064 3556397949 2216 77465
scheddomain stats are not enabled

statistics for cpu1

cpu1 3 3 12134 12138 333 42878 4224 12874 8779 1714457722 2071 38654
scheddomain stats are not enabled

cat /proc/1/schedstat
tasks schedstats is not enabled


d) booted with schedstats=sd
----------------------------
cat /proc/schedstat
version 13
timestamp 4294936220

statistics for cpu0

runqueue stats are not enabled
domain0 00000003 38048 37802 140 248 108 0 0 37802 151 149 0 3 3 0 0 149 27574 27417 59 158 99 0 0 27417 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4168 827 0
statistics for cpu1

runqueue stats are not enabled
domain0 00000003 39094 38441 119 682 563 3 0 38441 199 196 0 5 5 0 0 196 9167 8970 107 203 96 0 0 8970 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2159 330 0
cat /proc/1/schedstat
tasks schedstats is not enabled


Alternatives considered
=======================
The other alternative that was considered was that instead of changing the
format of /proc/schedstat and /proc/<pid>*/schedstat, we could print zeros for
all levels for which statistics is not collected. But zeros could be treated
as valid values, so this solution was not implemented.
Limitations
===========
The effectiveness of this patch is limited to run-time statistics collection.
The run-time overhead is proportional to the level of statistics enabled.
The space consumed is the same as before.


This patch was created against 2.6.16-rc5

Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com>
---
Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 11 ++
fs/proc/base.c | 4
include/linux/sched.h | 23 ++++
kernel/sched.c | 195 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
4 files changed, 175 insertions(+), 58 deletions(-)
diff -puN kernel/sched.c~schedstats_refinement kernel/sched.c
--- linux-2.6.16-rc5/kernel/sched.c~schedstats_refinement 2006-03-07 16:14:59.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc5-balbir/kernel/sched.c 2006-03-07 20:43:46.000000000 +0530
@@ -386,7 +386,28 @@ static inline void task_rq_unlock(runque
* bump this up when changing the output format or the meaning of an existing
* format, so that tools can adapt (or abort)
*/
-#define SCHEDSTAT_VERSION 12
+#define SCHEDSTAT_VERSION 13
+
+int schedstats_on __read_mostly;
+
+/*
+ * Parse the schedstats options passed at boot time
+ */
+static int __init schedstats_setup_enable(char *str)
+{
+ if (!str || !strcmp(str, "") || !strcmp(str, "=all"))
+ schedstats_on = SCHEDSTATS_ALL;
+ else if (!strcmp(str, "=tasks"))
+ schedstats_on = SCHEDSTATS_TASKS;
+ else if (!strcmp(str, "=sd"))
+ schedstats_on = SCHEDSTATS_SD;
+ else if (!strcmp(str, "=rq"))
+ schedstats_on = SCHEDSTATS_RQ;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("schedstats", schedstats_setup_enable);

static int show_schedstat(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
@@ -394,26 +415,44 @@ static int show_schedstat(struct seq_fil

seq_printf(seq, "version %d\n", SCHEDSTAT_VERSION);
seq_printf(seq, "timestamp %lu\n", jiffies);
+
+ if (!schedstats_rq_on() && !schedstats_sd_on()) {
+ seq_printf(seq, "runqueue and scheddomain stats are not "
+ "enabled\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
runqueue_t *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
struct sched_domain *sd;
int dcnt = 0;
#endif
+ seq_printf(seq, "\nstatistics for cpu%d\n\n", cpu);

- /* runqueue-specific stats */
- seq_printf(seq,
- "cpu%d %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu",
- cpu, rq->yld_both_empty,
- rq->yld_act_empty, rq->yld_exp_empty, rq->yld_cnt,
- rq->sched_switch, rq->sched_cnt, rq->sched_goidle,
- rq->ttwu_cnt, rq->ttwu_local,
- rq->rq_sched_info.cpu_time,
- rq->rq_sched_info.run_delay, rq->rq_sched_info.pcnt);
+ if (schedstats_rq_on()) {
+ /* runqueue-specific stats */
+ seq_printf(seq,
+ "cpu%d %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu "
+ "%lu",
+ cpu, rq->yld_both_empty,
+ rq->yld_act_empty, rq->yld_exp_empty, rq->yld_cnt,
+ rq->sched_switch, rq->sched_cnt, rq->sched_goidle,
+ rq->ttwu_cnt, rq->ttwu_local,
+ rq->rq_sched_info.cpu_time,
+ rq->rq_sched_info.run_delay, rq->rq_sched_info.pcnt);

- seq_printf(seq, "\n");
+ seq_printf(seq, "\n");
+ } else
+ seq_printf(seq, "runqueue stats are not enabled\n");

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+
+ if (!schedstats_sd_on()) {
+ seq_printf(seq, "scheddomain stats are not enabled\n");
+ continue;
+ }
+
/* domain-specific stats */
preempt_disable();
for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
@@ -472,11 +511,30 @@ struct file_operations proc_schedstat_op
.release = single_release,
};

-# define schedstat_inc(rq, field) do { (rq)->field++; } while (0)
-# define schedstat_add(rq, field, amt) do { (rq)->field += (amt); } while (0)
+# define schedstat_sd_inc(sd, field) \
+do { \
+ if (unlikely(schedstats_sd_on())) \
+ (sd)->field++; \
+} while (0)
+
+# define schedstat_sd_add(sd, field, amt) \
+do { \
+ if (unlikely(schedstats_sd_on())) \
+ (sd)->field += (amt); \
+} while (0)
+
+# define schedstat_rq_inc(rq, field) \
+do { \
+ if (unlikely(schedstats_rq_on())) \
+ (rq)->field++; \
+} while (0)
+
#else /* !CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
-# define schedstat_inc(rq, field) do { } while (0)
-# define schedstat_add(rq, field, amt) do { } while (0)
+
+# define schedstat_sd_inc(rq, field) do { } while (0)
+# define schedstat_sd_add(rq, field, amt) do { } while (0)
+# define schedstat_rq_inc(rq, field) do { } while (0)
+
#endif

/*
@@ -515,6 +573,15 @@ static inline void sched_info_dequeued(t
t->sched_info.last_queued = 0;
}

+static void rq_sched_info_arrive(struct runqueue *rq, unsigned long diff)
+{
+ if (!schedstats_rq_on() || !rq)
+ return;
+
+ rq->rq_sched_info.run_delay += diff;
+ rq->rq_sched_info.pcnt++;
+}
+
/*
* Called when a task finally hits the cpu. We can now calculate how
* long it was waiting to run. We also note when it began so that we
@@ -523,20 +590,23 @@ static inline void sched_info_dequeued(t
static void sched_info_arrive(task_t *t)
{
unsigned long now = jiffies, diff = 0;
- struct runqueue *rq = task_rq(t);

+ if (!schedstats_tasks_on() && !schedstats_rq_on())
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * diff is required in case schedstats is on for tasks or rq
+ */
if (t->sched_info.last_queued)
diff = now - t->sched_info.last_queued;
sched_info_dequeued(t);
- t->sched_info.run_delay += diff;
- t->sched_info.last_arrival = now;
- t->sched_info.pcnt++;
-
- if (!rq)
- return;

- rq->rq_sched_info.run_delay += diff;
- rq->rq_sched_info.pcnt++;
+ if (schedstats_tasks_on()) {
+ t->sched_info.run_delay += diff;
+ t->sched_info.last_arrival = now;
+ t->sched_info.pcnt++;
+ }
+ rq_sched_info_arrive(task_rq(t), diff);
}

/*
@@ -556,23 +626,32 @@ static void sched_info_arrive(task_t *t)
*/
static inline void sched_info_queued(task_t *t)
{
+ if (!schedstats_tasks_on() && !schedstats_rq_on())
+ return;
+
if (!t->sched_info.last_queued)
t->sched_info.last_queued = jiffies;
}

+static inline void rq_sched_info_depart(struct runqueue *rq, unsigned long diff)
+{
+ if (!schedstats_rq_on() || !rq)
+ return;
+
+ rq->rq_sched_info.cpu_time += diff;
+}
+
/*
* Called when a process ceases being the active-running process, either
* voluntarily or involuntarily. Now we can calculate how long we ran.
*/
static inline void sched_info_depart(task_t *t)
{
- struct runqueue *rq = task_rq(t);
unsigned long diff = jiffies - t->sched_info.last_arrival;

- t->sched_info.cpu_time += diff;
-
- if (rq)
- rq->rq_sched_info.cpu_time += diff;
+ if (schedstats_tasks_on())
+ t->sched_info.cpu_time += diff;
+ rq_sched_info_depart(task_rq(t), diff);
}

/*
@@ -1190,15 +1269,15 @@ static int try_to_wake_up(task_t *p, uns

new_cpu = cpu;

- schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_cnt);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, ttwu_cnt);
if (cpu == this_cpu) {
- schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_local);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, ttwu_local);
goto out_set_cpu;
}

for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
if (cpu_isset(cpu, sd->span)) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, ttwu_wake_remote);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, ttwu_wake_remote);
this_sd = sd;
break;
}
@@ -1239,7 +1318,7 @@ static int try_to_wake_up(task_t *p, uns
* p is cache cold in this domain, and
* there is no bad imbalance.
*/
- schedstat_inc(this_sd, ttwu_move_affine);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(this_sd, ttwu_move_affine);
goto out_set_cpu;
}
}
@@ -1250,7 +1329,7 @@ static int try_to_wake_up(task_t *p, uns
*/
if (this_sd->flags & SD_WAKE_BALANCE) {
if (imbalance*this_load <= 100*load) {
- schedstat_inc(this_sd, ttwu_move_balance);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(this_sd, ttwu_move_balance);
goto out_set_cpu;
}
}
@@ -1894,7 +1973,7 @@ skip_queue:

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (task_hot(tmp, busiest->timestamp_last_tick, sd))
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_hot_gained[idle]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_hot_gained[idle]);
#endif

pull_task(busiest, array, tmp, this_rq, dst_array, this_cpu);
@@ -1913,7 +1992,7 @@ out:
* so we can safely collect pull_task() stats here rather than
* inside pull_task().
*/
- schedstat_add(sd, lb_gained[idle], pulled);
+ schedstat_sd_add(sd, lb_gained[idle], pulled);

if (all_pinned)
*all_pinned = pinned;
@@ -2109,23 +2188,23 @@ static int load_balance(int this_cpu, ru
if (idle != NOT_IDLE && sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER)
sd_idle = 1;

- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_cnt[idle]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_cnt[idle]);

group = find_busiest_group(sd, this_cpu, &imbalance, idle, &sd_idle);
if (!group) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyg[idle]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_nobusyg[idle]);
goto out_balanced;
}

busiest = find_busiest_queue(group, idle);
if (!busiest) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyq[idle]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_nobusyq[idle]);
goto out_balanced;
}

BUG_ON(busiest == this_rq);

- schedstat_add(sd, lb_imbalance[idle], imbalance);
+ schedstat_sd_add(sd, lb_imbalance[idle], imbalance);

nr_moved = 0;
if (busiest->nr_running > 1) {
@@ -2146,7 +2225,7 @@ static int load_balance(int this_cpu, ru
}

if (!nr_moved) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_failed[idle]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_failed[idle]);
sd->nr_balance_failed++;

if (unlikely(sd->nr_balance_failed > sd->cache_nice_tries+2)) {
@@ -2199,7 +2278,7 @@ static int load_balance(int this_cpu, ru
return nr_moved;

out_balanced:
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_balanced[idle]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_balanced[idle]);

sd->nr_balance_failed = 0;

@@ -2233,22 +2312,22 @@ static int load_balance_newidle(int this
if (sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER)
sd_idle = 1;

- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_cnt[NEWLY_IDLE]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_cnt[NEWLY_IDLE]);
group = find_busiest_group(sd, this_cpu, &imbalance, NEWLY_IDLE, &sd_idle);
if (!group) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyg[NEWLY_IDLE]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_nobusyg[NEWLY_IDLE]);
goto out_balanced;
}

busiest = find_busiest_queue(group, NEWLY_IDLE);
if (!busiest) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyq[NEWLY_IDLE]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_nobusyq[NEWLY_IDLE]);
goto out_balanced;
}

BUG_ON(busiest == this_rq);

- schedstat_add(sd, lb_imbalance[NEWLY_IDLE], imbalance);
+ schedstat_sd_add(sd, lb_imbalance[NEWLY_IDLE], imbalance);

nr_moved = 0;
if (busiest->nr_running > 1) {
@@ -2260,7 +2339,7 @@ static int load_balance_newidle(int this
}

if (!nr_moved) {
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_failed[NEWLY_IDLE]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_failed[NEWLY_IDLE]);
if (!sd_idle && sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER)
return -1;
} else
@@ -2269,7 +2348,7 @@ static int load_balance_newidle(int this
return nr_moved;

out_balanced:
- schedstat_inc(sd, lb_balanced[NEWLY_IDLE]);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, lb_balanced[NEWLY_IDLE]);
if (!sd_idle && sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER)
return -1;
sd->nr_balance_failed = 0;
@@ -2333,12 +2412,12 @@ static void active_load_balance(runqueue
if (unlikely(sd == NULL))
goto out;

- schedstat_inc(sd, alb_cnt);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, alb_cnt);

if (move_tasks(target_rq, target_cpu, busiest_rq, 1, sd, SCHED_IDLE, NULL))
- schedstat_inc(sd, alb_pushed);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, alb_pushed);
else
- schedstat_inc(sd, alb_failed);
+ schedstat_sd_inc(sd, alb_failed);
out:
spin_unlock(&target_rq->lock);
}
@@ -2906,7 +2985,7 @@ need_resched_nonpreemptible:
dump_stack();
}

- schedstat_inc(rq, sched_cnt);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, sched_cnt);
now = sched_clock();
if (likely((long long)(now - prev->timestamp) < NS_MAX_SLEEP_AVG)) {
run_time = now - prev->timestamp;
@@ -2974,7 +3053,7 @@ go_idle:
/*
* Switch the active and expired arrays.
*/
- schedstat_inc(rq, sched_switch);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, sched_switch);
rq->active = rq->expired;
rq->expired = array;
array = rq->active;
@@ -3007,7 +3086,7 @@ go_idle:
next->activated = 0;
switch_tasks:
if (next == rq->idle)
- schedstat_inc(rq, sched_goidle);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, sched_goidle);
prefetch(next);
prefetch_stack(next);
clear_tsk_need_resched(prev);
@@ -3979,7 +4058,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_sched_yield(void)
prio_array_t *array = current->array;
prio_array_t *target = rq->expired;

- schedstat_inc(rq, yld_cnt);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, yld_cnt);
/*
* We implement yielding by moving the task into the expired
* queue.
@@ -3991,11 +4070,11 @@ asmlinkage long sys_sched_yield(void)
target = rq->active;

if (array->nr_active == 1) {
- schedstat_inc(rq, yld_act_empty);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, yld_act_empty);
if (!rq->expired->nr_active)
- schedstat_inc(rq, yld_both_empty);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, yld_both_empty);
} else if (!rq->expired->nr_active)
- schedstat_inc(rq, yld_exp_empty);
+ schedstat_rq_inc(rq, yld_exp_empty);

if (array != target) {
dequeue_task(current, array);
diff -puN include/linux/sched.h~schedstats_refinement include/linux/sched.h
--- linux-2.6.16-rc5/include/linux/sched.h~schedstats_refinement 2006-03-07 16:14:59.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc5-balbir/include/linux/sched.h 2006-03-07 20:46:10.000000000 +0530
@@ -525,6 +525,29 @@ struct backing_dev_info;
struct reclaim_state;

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+
+#define SCHEDSTATS_TASKS 0x1
+#define SCHEDSTATS_RQ 0x2
+#define SCHEDSTATS_SD 0x4
+#define SCHEDSTATS_ALL (SCHEDSTATS_TASKS | SCHEDSTATS_RQ | SCHEDSTATS_SD)
+
+extern int schedstats_on;
+
+static inline int schedstats_tasks_on(void)
+{
+ return schedstats_on & SCHEDSTATS_TASKS;
+}
+
+static inline int schedstats_rq_on(void)
+{
+ return schedstats_on & SCHEDSTATS_RQ;
+}
+
+static inline int schedstats_sd_on(void)
+{
+ return schedstats_on & SCHEDSTATS_SD;
+}
+
struct sched_info {
/* cumulative counters */
unsigned long cpu_time, /* time spent on the cpu */
diff -puN Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt~schedstats_refinement Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
--- linux-2.6.16-rc5/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt~schedstats_refinement 2006-03-07 16:14:59.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc5-balbir/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt 2006-03-07 20:48:44.000000000 +0530
@@ -1333,6 +1333,17 @@ running once the system is up.
sc1200wdt= [HW,WDT] SC1200 WDT (watchdog) driver
Format: <io>[,<timeout>[,<isapnp>]]

+ schedstats [KNL]
+ Enable all schedstats if CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS is defined
+ same as the schedstats=all
+
+ schedstats= [KNL]
+ Format: {"all", "tasks", "sd", "rq"}
+ all -- turns on the complete schedstats
+ rq -- turns on schedstats only for runqueue
+ sd -- turns on schedstats only for scheddomains
+ tasks -- turns on schedstats only for tasks
+
scsi_debug_*= [SCSI]
See drivers/scsi/scsi_debug.c.

diff -puN fs/proc/base.c~schedstats_refinement fs/proc/base.c
--- linux-2.6.16-rc5/fs/proc/base.c~schedstats_refinement 2006-03-07 16:14:59.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.16-rc5-balbir/fs/proc/base.c 2006-03-07 16:17:39.000000000 +0530
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
#include "internal.h"

/*
@@ -504,6 +505,9 @@ static int proc_pid_wchan(struct task_st
*/
static int proc_pid_schedstat(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)
{
+ if (!schedstats_tasks_on())
+ return sprintf(buffer, "tasks schedstats is not enabled\n");
+
return sprintf(buffer, "%lu %lu %lu\n",
task->sched_info.cpu_time,
task->sched_info.run_delay,
_
-
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