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SubjectRe: Fw: Re: [PATCH 1/1] EFI: Fix gdt load

I fight against a new EFI bug. With 512MB ram the iMac boots fine, but when i add
extra 512MB to have 1GB ram the kernel stops booting. Still didn't found the problem.
I think it have something to do with the efi_memmap_walk funtction. The major problem
in debuging the problem is that i have no video out at this boot stage. I only can
test it with a machine reboot code.


Edgar (gimli) Hucek

Zachary Amsden wrote:
> Andrew Morton wrote:
>> Doh. Too many Zachs.
>> Begin forwarded message:
>> Date: Sat, 4 Mar 2006 18:43:19 -0800
>> From: Andrew Morton <>
>> To: Edgar Hucek <>
>> Cc:, "Zach, Yoav" <>,
>> Matt Domsch <>
>> Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/1] EFI: Fix gdt load
>> Edgar Hucek <> wrote:
>>> This patch makes the kernel bootable again on ia32 EFI systems.
>> Argh, thanks. I'll move the per_cpu() call inside the lock, just in case
>> we happen to be running preemptibly there.
>> Zach, Matt: please review, test and ack asap?
> Ok, that was subtle. It took me 10 minutes staring at this code to
> notice the extra __pa and __va in the load_gdt call. Actually, by sheer
> coincidence, the first one was actually still correct. Normally, this
> code would just totally blow up, but you've just identity mapped virtual
> and physical addresses. The second one will blow up after the EFI call
> without the fix.
> Unfortunately, I can't test EFI; I have no machines here that are EFI
> capable.
> This code has always confused me, though. Why do we do this crazy hack
> to begin with? The crazy hack is not remapping the GDT in physical
> space, or simulating non-paging memory with paging enabled - that is
> completely normal. But why do we muck with the GDT for CPU zero instead
> of the current CPU? If the EFI code decides to reload FS or GS, we have
> now leaked the user FS or GS from CPU zero onto the current CPU, and I
> see no code here which restricts EFI to run on the BSP. This will break
> userspace TLS programs. Of course, I have no evidence that EFI will
> reload FS or GS, but it must be doing something with segmentation, or
> you would not have needed to reload the GDT.
> Second, there is another bug in this code as well. Why do we care if
> PSE is enabled when identity mapping virtual to physical space? PSE has
> _nothing_ to do with this. You are copying top level page ranges, which
> are the same size, with or without PSE. We should be checking if PAE is
> enabled, and we shouldn't even need to check, since it will either be
> compiled in or not. This code is scarily just quite lucky that the
> kernel is small enough to fit.
> For PAE mode, PSE is always going to be enabled (I believe), so you end
> up remapping 1GB of virtual space into physical space. For non-PAE, PSE
> may or may not be enabled, in which case, you end up remapping either
> 4MB or 8MB of the kernel virtual address space back at zero.
> I don't believe 4MB is enough to make sure all of the per-cpu variables
> can be safely referenced, although I could be wrong. So if there are
> EFI machines out there with processors installed that have no PSE
> support, and the kernel gets large enough, this code blows up again. I
> actually think that is quite likely as EFI becomes more prevalent and
> older core processors continue to be made for the embedded market.
> Zach

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