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SubjectCPUFREQ-CPUHOTPLUG: Possible circular locking dependency
Hi all,

Looks like the lockdep has resumed yelling about the cpufreq-cpu hotplug
interactions! Again, it's the Ondemand governor that's the culprit.

On linux-2.6.19-rc6-mm2, this is what I got yesterday evening.

[root@llm05 tests]# echo ondemand > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_governor
[root@llm05 tests]# echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online
=======================================================
[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
2.6.19-rc6-mm2 #14
-------------------------------------------------------
bash/4601 is trying to acquire lock:
(&policy->lock){--..}, at: [<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
but task is already holding lock:
(cache_chain_mutex){--..}, at: [<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
which lock already depends on the new lock.


the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #3 (cache_chain_mutex){--..}:
[<c013bddc>] __lock_acquire+0x8ef/0x9f3
[<c013c1ec>] lock_acquire+0x68/0x82
[<c04577da>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x224
[<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
[<c01642f1>] cpuup_callback+0x1a3/0x2d6
[<c045a952>] notifier_call_chain+0x2b/0x5b
[<c012efb6>] __raw_notifier_call_chain+0x18/0x1d
[<c012efd5>] raw_notifier_call_chain+0x1a/0x1c
[<c013f798>] _cpu_down+0x56/0x1ef
[<c013fa5c>] cpu_down+0x26/0x3a
[<c029dde2>] store_online+0x27/0x5a
[<c029adec>] sysdev_store+0x20/0x25
[<c0197284>] sysfs_write_file+0xb6/0xde
[<c01674d4>] vfs_write+0x90/0x144
[<c0167c74>] sys_write+0x3d/0x61
[<c0103d36>] sysenter_past_esp+0x5f/0x99
[<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff
-> #2 (workqueue_mutex){--..}:
[<c013bddc>] __lock_acquire+0x8ef/0x9f3
[<c013c1ec>] lock_acquire+0x68/0x82
[<c04577da>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x224
[<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
[<c0131e91>] __create_workqueue+0x5b/0x11c
[<c03c4a9a>] cpufreq_governor_dbs+0xa0/0x2e8
[<c03c2cde>] __cpufreq_governor+0x64/0xac
[<c03c30d5>] __cpufreq_set_policy+0x187/0x20b
[<c03c33a1>] store_scaling_governor+0x132/0x16a
[<c03c2af9>] store+0x35/0x46
[<c0197284>] sysfs_write_file+0xb6/0xde
[<c01674d4>] vfs_write+0x90/0x144
[<c0167c74>] sys_write+0x3d/0x61
[<c0103d36>] sysenter_past_esp+0x5f/0x99
[<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff
-> #1 (dbs_mutex){--..}:
[<c013bddc>] __lock_acquire+0x8ef/0x9f3
[<c013c1ec>] lock_acquire+0x68/0x82
[<c04577da>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x224
[<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
[<c03c4a7e>] cpufreq_governor_dbs+0x84/0x2e8
[<c03c2cde>] __cpufreq_governor+0x64/0xac
[<c03c30d5>] __cpufreq_set_policy+0x187/0x20b
[<c03c33a1>] store_scaling_governor+0x132/0x16a
[<c03c2af9>] store+0x35/0x46
[<c0197284>] sysfs_write_file+0xb6/0xde
[<c01674d4>] vfs_write+0x90/0x144
[<c0167c74>] sys_write+0x3d/0x61
[<c0103d36>] sysenter_past_esp+0x5f/0x99
[<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff
-> #0 (&policy->lock){--..}:
[<c013bce0>] __lock_acquire+0x7f3/0x9f3
[<c013c1ec>] lock_acquire+0x68/0x82
[<c04577da>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x224
[<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
[<c03c2c1f>] cpufreq_driver_target+0x2b/0x51
[<c03c38db>] cpufreq_cpu_callback+0x42/0x52
[<c045a952>] notifier_call_chain+0x2b/0x5b
[<c012efb6>] __raw_notifier_call_chain+0x18/0x1d
[<c012efd5>] raw_notifier_call_chain+0x1a/0x1c
[<c013f798>] _cpu_down+0x56/0x1ef
[<c013fa5c>] cpu_down+0x26/0x3a
[<c029dde2>] store_online+0x27/0x5a
[<c029adec>] sysdev_store+0x20/0x25
[<c0197284>] sysfs_write_file+0xb6/0xde
[<c01674d4>] vfs_write+0x90/0x144
[<c0167c74>] sys_write+0x3d/0x61
[<c0103d36>] sysenter_past_esp+0x5f/0x99
[<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff
other info that might help us debug this:

4 locks held by bash/4601:
#0: (cpu_add_remove_lock){--..}, at: [<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
#1: (sched_hotcpu_mutex){--..}, at: [<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
#2: (workqueue_mutex){--..}, at: [<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
#3: (cache_chain_mutex){--..}, at: [<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
stack backtrace:
[<c0104c8f>] show_trace_log_lvl+0x19/0x2e
[<c0104d8f>] show_trace+0x12/0x14
[<c0104da5>] dump_stack+0x14/0x16
[<c013a157>] print_circular_bug_tail+0x7c/0x85
[<c013bce0>] __lock_acquire+0x7f3/0x9f3
[<c013c1ec>] lock_acquire+0x68/0x82
[<c04577da>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x224
[<c045793d>] mutex_lock+0x12/0x15
[<c03c2c1f>] cpufreq_driver_target+0x2b/0x51
[<c03c38db>] cpufreq_cpu_callback+0x42/0x52
[<c045a952>] notifier_call_chain+0x2b/0x5b
[<c012efb6>] __raw_notifier_call_chain+0x18/0x1d
[<c012efd5>] raw_notifier_call_chain+0x1a/0x1c
[<c013f798>] _cpu_down+0x56/0x1ef
[<c013fa5c>] cpu_down+0x26/0x3a
[<c029dde2>] store_online+0x27/0x5a
[<c029adec>] sysdev_store+0x20/0x25
[<c0197284>] sysfs_write_file+0xb6/0xde
[<c01674d4>] vfs_write+0x90/0x144
[<c0167c74>] sys_write+0x3d/0x61
[<c0103d36>] sysenter_past_esp+0x5f/0x99
=======================
Breaking affinity for irq 24
CPU 1 is now offline
Ok, so to cut the long story short,
- While changing governor from anything to
ondemand, locks are taken in the following order

policy->lock ===> dbs_mutex ===> workqueue_mutex.

- While offlining a cpu, locks are taken in the following order

cpu_add_remove_lock ==> sched_hotcpu_mutex ==> workqueue_mutex ==
==> cache_chain_mutex ==> policy->lock.

The dependency graph built out of this info has a circular dependency
as pointed out by lockdep. However, I am not quite sure how seriously this
circular dependency warning should be taken.

One way to avoid these warnings is to take the policy->lock before the
rest of the locks, while offlining the cpu.
For a moment I even thought of taking/releasing policy->lock under
CPU_LOCK_ACQUIRE/CPU_LOCK_RELEASE events in cpufreq_cpu_callback.
But that's a bad idea since 'policy' is percpu data in the first place
and hence needs to be cpu-hotplug aware.

These circular-dependency warnings are emitted in
2.6.19-rc6-mm1 as well as (2.6.19-rc6 + hotplug_locking_rework patches)

So do we
- Rethink the strategy of per-subsystem hotcpu-locks ?

OR

- Think of a way to straighten out the super-convoluted cpufreq code ?

At the moment, I would suggest the latter :-)

Thanks and Regards
gautham.
--
Gautham R Shenoy
Linux Technology Center
IBM India.
"Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
because Freedom is priceless!"
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