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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Avoid truncating to 'long' in ALIGN() macro
On Sun, 26 Nov 2006 11:10:23 -0800
Roland Dreier <rdreier@cisco.com> wrote:

> Commit 4c8bd7ee ("Do not truncate to 'int' in ALIGN() macro.") was
> merged to fix the case of code like the following:
>
> unsigned long addr;
> unsigned int alignment;
> addr = ALIGN(addr, alignment);
>
> The original ALIGN macro calculated a mask as ~(alignment - 1), and
> when alignment is just an int, this creates an int mask. If alignment
> is also unsigned, then this mask will not be sign extended when
> promoted to a long, which leads to the code above chopping off the top
> half of addr when long is 64 bits.
>
> However, the changed ALIGN macro, which computes the mask as
> ~(alignment - 1UL) actually breaks code like the following when long
> is 32 bits:
>
> u64 addr;
> int alignment;
> addr = ALIGN(addr, alignment);
>
> The reason this breaks is pretty much the same as the original bug
> that the change was supposed to fix: ~(alignment - 1UL) creates a mask
> that is an unsigned long, which is not sign extended when promoted to
> u64 (if long is 32 bits).
>
> As suggested by Dave Miller and Al Viro, I fixed this by having the
> ALIGN macro make sure the alignment is promoted to the same type as
> the value being aligned before doing the negation.
>
> This second construct is actually used in the amso1100 driver, so that
> driver does not work on 32-bit architectures right now. Unfortunately
> almost everyone using it runs 64-bit kernels, so this regression was
> not noticed until now.
>
> Signed-off-by: Roland Dreier <rolandd@cisco.com>
>
> ---
> Patch updated as suggested by Dave Miller and Al Viro...
>
> can we merge this for 2.6.20?
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
> index 24b6111..80955b3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kernel.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
> @@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ #define ULLONG_MAX (~0ULL)
> #define STACK_MAGIC 0xdeadbeef
>
> #define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x) / sizeof((x)[0]))
> -#define ALIGN(x,a) (((x)+(a)-1UL)&~((a)-1UL))
> +#define ALIGN(x,a) ((typeof(x)) (((x) + (a) - 1) & ~((typeof(x)) (a) - 1)))
> #define FIELD_SIZEOF(t, f) (sizeof(((t*)0)->f))
> #define DIV_ROUND_UP(n,d) (((n) + (d) - 1) / (d))
> #define roundup(x, y) ((((x) + ((y) - 1)) / (y)) * (y))

I'd be inclined to merge it for 2.6.19. Is everyone OK with it?
-
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