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SubjectRe: [take22 0/4] kevent: Generic event handling mechanism.
zhou drangon a écrit :
> performance is great, and we are exciting at the result.
>
> I want to know why there can be so much improvement, can we improve
> epoll too ?

Why did you remove most of CC addresses but lkml ?
Dont do that please...

Good question :)

Hum, I think I can look into epoll and see how it can be improved (if necessary)

This is not to say we dont need kevent ! Please Evgeniy continue your work !

Just to remind you that according to
http://www.xmailserver.org/linux-patches/nio-improve.html David Libenzi had to
wait 18 months before epoll being officialy added into kernel.

At that time, many applications were using epoll, and we were patching our
kernels for that.


I cooked a very simple program (attached in this mail), using pipes and epoll,
and got 250.000 events received per second on an otherwise lightly loaded
machine (dual opteron 246 , 2GHz, 1MB cache per cpu) with 10.000 pipes (20.000
handles)

It could be nice to add support for other event providers in this program
(AF_INET & AF_UNIX sockets for example), and also add support for kevent, so
that we really can compare epoll/kevent without a complex setup.
I should extend the program to also add/remove sources during lifetime, not
only insert at setup time.

# gcc -O2 -o epoll_pipe_bench epoll_pipe_bench.c -lpthread
# ulimit -n 1000000
# epoll_pipe_bench -n 10000
^C after a while...
oprofile results say that ep_poll_callback() and sys_epoll_wait() use 20% of
cpu time.
Even if we gain a two factor in cpu time or cache usage, we wont eliminate
other costs...

oprofile results gave :

Counted CPU_CLK_UNHALTED events (Cycles outside of halt state) with a unit
mask of 0x00 (No unit mask) count 50000
samples % symbol name
2015420 11.1309 ep_poll_callback
1867431 10.3136 pipe_writev
1791872 9.8963 sys_epoll_wait
1357297 7.4962 fget_light
1277515 7.0556 pipe_readv
998447 5.5143 current_fs_time
801597 4.4271 __mark_inode_dirty
755268 4.1713 __wake_up
587065 3.2423 __write_lock_failed
582931 3.2195 system_call
297132 1.6410 iov_fault_in_pages_read
296136 1.6355 sys_write
290106 1.6022 __wake_up_common
270692 1.4950 bad_pipe_w
261516 1.4443 do_pipe
257208 1.4205 tg3_start_xmit_dma_bug
254917 1.4079 pipe_poll
252925 1.3969 copy_user_generic_c
234212 1.2935 generic_pipe_buf_map
228659 1.2629 ret_from_sys_call
212541 1.1738 sysret_check
166529 0.9197 sys_read
160038 0.8839 vfs_write
151091 0.8345 pipe_ioctl
136301 0.7528 file_update_time
107173 0.5919 tg3_poll
77846 0.4299 ipt_do_table
75081 0.4147 schedule
73059 0.4035 vfs_read
69787 0.3854 get_task_comm
63923 0.3530 memcpy
60019 0.3315 touch_atime
57490 0.3175 eventpoll_release_file
56152 0.3101 tg3_write_flush_reg32
54468 0.3008 rw_verify_area
47833 0.2642 generic_pipe_buf_unmap
47777 0.2639 __switch_to
44106 0.2436 bad_pipe_r
41824 0.2310 proc_nr_files
41319 0.2282 pipe_iov_copy_from_user

Eric

/*
* How to stress epoll
*
* This program uses many pipes and two threads.
* First we open as many pipes we can. (see ulimit -n)
* Then we create a worker thread.
* The worker thread will send bytes to random pipes.
* The main thread uses epoll to collect ready pipes and read them.
* Each second, a number of collected bytes is printed on stderr
*
* Usage : epoll_bench [-n X]
*/
#include <pthread.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
int nbpipes = 1024;

struct pipefd {
int fd[2];
} *tab;
int epoll_fd;

static int alloc_pipes()
{
int i;
epoll_fd = epoll_create(nbpipes);
if (epoll_fd == -1) {
perror("epoll_create");
return -1;
}
tab = malloc(sizeof(struct pipefd) * nbpipes);
if (tab ==NULL) {
perror("malloc");
return -1;
}
for (i = 0 ; i < nbpipes ; i++) {
struct epoll_event ev;
if (pipe(tab[i].fd) == -1)
break;
ev.events = EPOLLIN | EPOLLOUT | EPOLLHUP | EPOLLPRI | EPOLLET;
ev.data.u64 = (uint64_t)i;
epoll_ctl(epoll_fd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, tab[i].fd[0], &ev);
}
nbpipes = i;
printf("%d pipes setup\n", nbpipes);
return 0;
}

unsigned long nbhandled;
static void timer_func()
{
char buffer[32];
size_t len;
static unsigned long old;
unsigned long delta = nbhandled - old;
old = nbhandled;
len = sprintf(buffer, "%lu\n", delta);
write(2, buffer, len);
}
static void timer_setup()
{
struct itimerval it;
struct sigaction sg;
memset(&sg, 0, sizeof(sg));
sg.sa_handler = timer_func;
sigaction(SIGALRM, &sg, 0);
it.it_interval.tv_sec = 1;
it.it_interval.tv_usec = 0;
it.it_value.tv_sec = 1;
it.it_value.tv_usec = 0;
if (setitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &it, 0))
perror("setitimer");
}
static void * worker_thread_func(void *arg)
{
int fd;
char c = 1;
for (;;) {
fd = rand() % nbpipes;
write(tab[fd].fd[1], &c, 1);
}
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
char buff[1024];
pthread_t tid;
int c;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "n:")) != EOF) {
if (c == 'n') nbpipes = atoi(optarg);
}
alloc_pipes();
pthread_create(&tid, NULL, worker_thread_func, (void *)0);
timer_setup();
for (;;) {
struct epoll_event events[128];
int nb = epoll_wait(epoll_fd, events, 128, 10000);
int i, fd;
for (i = 0 ; i < nb ; i++) {
fd = tab[events[i].data.u64].fd[0];
if (read(fd, buff, 1024) > 0)
nbhandled++;
}
}
}
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