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Subject[PATCH 23/28] readahead: laptop mode
When the laptop drive is spinned down, defer look-ahead to spin up time.

The implementation employs a poll based method, for performance is not a
concern in this code path. The poll interval is 64KB, which should be small
enough for movies/musics. The user space application is responsible for
proper caching to hide the spin-up-and-read delay.

For crazy laptop users who prefer aggressive read-ahead, here is the way:

# echo 1000 > /proc/sys/vm/readahead_ratio
# blockdev --setra 524280 /dev/hda # this is the max possible value

Notes:
- It is still an untested feature.
- It is safer to use blockdev+fadvise to increase ra-max for a single file,
which needs patching your movie player.
- Be sure to restore them to sane values in normal operations!

Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
--- linux-2.6.19-rc5-mm2.orig/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ linux-2.6.19-rc5-mm2/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -86,6 +86,12 @@ void laptop_io_completion(void);
void laptop_sync_completion(void);
void throttle_vm_writeout(void);

+extern struct timer_list laptop_mode_wb_timer;
+static inline int laptop_spinned_down(void)
+{
+ return !timer_pending(&laptop_mode_wb_timer);
+}
+
/* These are exported to sysctl. */
extern int dirty_background_ratio;
extern int vm_dirty_ratio;
--- linux-2.6.19-rc5-mm2.orig/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ linux-2.6.19-rc5-mm2/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -375,7 +375,7 @@ static void wb_timer_fn(unsigned long un
static void laptop_timer_fn(unsigned long unused);

static DEFINE_TIMER(wb_timer, wb_timer_fn, 0, 0);
-static DEFINE_TIMER(laptop_mode_wb_timer, laptop_timer_fn, 0, 0);
+DEFINE_TIMER(laptop_mode_wb_timer, laptop_timer_fn, 0, 0);

/*
* Periodic writeback of "old" data.
--- linux-2.6.19-rc5-mm2.orig/mm/readahead.c
+++ linux-2.6.19-rc5-mm2/mm/readahead.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
+#include <linux/writeback.h>

#include <asm/div64.h>

@@ -822,6 +823,32 @@ out:
}

/*
+ * Set a new look-ahead mark at @next.
+ * Return 0 if the new mark is successfully set.
+ */
+static int renew_lookahead(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct file_ra_state *ra,
+ pgoff_t offset, pgoff_t next)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (offset == ra->lookahead_index &&
+ next >= ra->readahead_index)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (!(page = find_get_page(mapping, next)))
+ return 1;
+
+ SetPageReadahead(page);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+
+ if (ra->lookahead_index == offset)
+ ra->lookahead_index = next;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Update `backing_dev_info.ra_thrash_bytes' to be a _biased_ average of
* read-ahead sizes. Which makes it an a-bit-risky(*) estimation of the
* _minimal_ read-ahead thrashing threshold on the device.
@@ -1629,6 +1656,15 @@ page_cache_readahead_adaptive(struct add
ra_account(ra, RA_EVENT_IO_CONGESTION, req_size);
return 0;
}
+
+ /*
+ * Defer read-ahead to save energy.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(laptop_mode && laptop_spinned_down())) {
+ if (!renew_lookahead(mapping, ra, offset,
+ offset + LAPTOP_POLL_INTERVAL))
+ return 0;
+ }
}

if (page)
--
-
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