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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Fix WARN_ON / WARN_ON_ONCE regression
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On Tuesday 03 October 2006 23:32, Andrew Morton wrote:

> It might help, but we still don't know what's going on (I think).
>
> I mean, if cache misses against __warn_once were sufficiently high for it
> to affect performance, then __warn_once would be, err, in cache?

Yes, of course. I'm embarrassed.

I took a look at the generated code, and GCC is having difficulty
optimizing WARN_ON_ONCE. Here is the start of __local_bh_enable:

00000130 <__local_bh_enable>:
130: 83 ec 10 sub $0x10,%esp
133: 8b 15 04 00 00 00 mov 0x4,%edx <-+
139: 89 e0 mov %esp,%eax |
13b: 25 00 e0 ff ff and $0xffffe000,%eax | !!!
140: 8b 40 14 mov 0x14(%eax),%eax |
143: 25 00 00 ff 0f and $0xfff0000,%eax |
148: 85 d2 test %edx,%edx <-+
14a: 74 04 je 150 <__local_bh_enable+0x20>
14c: 85 c0 test %eax,%eax
14e: 75 35 jne 185 <__local_bh_enable+0x55>
150: 89 e0 mov %esp,%eax
152: 8b 0d 00 00 00 00 mov 0x0,%ecx <-+
158: 25 00 e0 ff ff and $0xffffe000,%eax |
15d: 8b 40 14 mov 0x14(%eax),%eax | !!!
160: 25 00 ff 00 00 and $0xff00,%eax |
165: 3d 00 01 00 00 cmp $0x100,%eax |
16a: 0f 94 c0 sete %al |
16d: 85 c9 test %ecx,%ecx <-+
16f: 0f b6 c0 movzbl %al,%eax
172: 74 04 je 178 <__local_bh_enable+0x48>
174: 85 c0 test %eax,%eax
176: 75 42 jne 1ba <__local_bh_enable+0x8a>
178: b8 00 01 00 00 mov $0x100,%eax
17d: 83 c4 10 add $0x10,%esp
180: e9 fc ff ff ff jmp 181 <__local_bh_enable+0x51>
185: c7 44 24 0c 3e 00 00 movl $0x3e,0xc(%esp)
...
WARN_ON is better, but still has problems:

000011a0 <do_exit>:
11a0: 55 push %ebp
11a1: 57 push %edi
11a2: 56 push %esi
11a3: 53 push %ebx
11a4: 83 ec 30 sub $0x30,%esp
11a7: 89 44 24 18 mov %eax,0x18(%esp)
11ab: 89 e0 mov %esp,%eax
11ad: 25 00 e0 ff ff and $0xffffe000,%eax
11b2: 8b 30 mov (%eax),%esi
11b4: 8b 86 58 0a 00 00 mov 0xa58(%esi),%eax
11ba: 89 44 24 2c mov %eax,0x2c(%esp) <-+
11be: 8b 44 24 2c mov 0x2c(%esp),%eax <-+
11c2: 85 c0 test %eax,%eax | !!!
11c4: 0f 85 65 07 00 00 jne 192f <do_exit+0x78f> |
11ca: 8b 44 24 2c mov 0x2c(%esp),%eax <-+
11ce: 89 e0 mov %esp,%eax
...
This is gcc (GCC) 4.0.3 (Ubuntu 4.0.3-1ubuntu5), -O2.

I don't know why this would show up as cache misses, but it does look
like a compiler bug is being tickled.

Andrew Wade
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