lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2006]   [Oct]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[PATCH] Block on access to temporarily unavailable pci device

The existing implementation of pci_block_user_cfg_access() was recently
criticised for providing out of date information and for returning errors
on write, which applications won't be expecting.

This reimplementation uses an rw semaphore to block accesses. I examined
a couple of other alternatives (a mutex, which would unnecessarily
serialise kernel BIST users; a per-device mutex, which would take another
16 bytes per pci device; a custom queue), I felt the rwsem provided the
best tradeoffs.

I'll post the patch I used to test blocking device accesses separately.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx>

diff --git a/drivers/pci/access.c b/drivers/pci/access.c
index ea16805..29581a2 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/access.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/access.c
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>

#include "pci.h"

@@ -12,6 +13,18 @@ #include "pci.h"
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pci_lock);

/*
+ * Prevent the user from accessing PCI config space when it's unsafe to do
+ * so. Some devices require this during BIST and we're required to prevent
+ * it during D-state transitions. It could be made per-device, but it doesn't
+ * seem worthwhile for such a rare occurrence.
+ *
+ * User accesses are the 'writer' as only one is allowed at a time. Kernel
+ * blocking the user is the 'reader' as multiple devices can be blocked at
+ * the same time.
+ */
+static DECLARE_RWSEM(pci_user_sem);
+
+/*
* Wrappers for all PCI configuration access functions. They just check
* alignment, do locking and call the low-level functions pointed to
* by pci_dev->ops.
@@ -63,15 +76,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_write_config_byte)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_write_config_word);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_write_config_dword);

-static u32 pci_user_cached_config(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos)
-{
- u32 data;
-
- data = dev->saved_config_space[pos/sizeof(dev->saved_config_space[0])];
- data >>= (pos % sizeof(dev->saved_config_space[0])) * 8;
- return data;
-}
-
#define PCI_USER_READ_CONFIG(size,type) \
int pci_user_read_config_##size \
(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, type *val) \
@@ -80,13 +84,12 @@ int pci_user_read_config_##size \
int ret = 0; \
u32 data = -1; \
if (PCI_##size##_BAD) return PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER; \
+ down_write(&pci_user_sem); \
spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags); \
- if (likely(!dev->block_ucfg_access)) \
- ret = dev->bus->ops->read(dev->bus, dev->devfn, \
+ ret = dev->bus->ops->read(dev->bus, dev->devfn, \
pos, sizeof(type), &data); \
- else if (pos < sizeof(dev->saved_config_space)) \
- data = pci_user_cached_config(dev, pos); \
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags); \
+ up_write(&pci_user_sem); \
*val = (type)data; \
return ret; \
}
@@ -98,11 +101,12 @@ int pci_user_write_config_##size \
unsigned long flags; \
int ret = -EIO; \
if (PCI_##size##_BAD) return PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER; \
+ down_write(&pci_user_sem); \
spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags); \
- if (likely(!dev->block_ucfg_access)) \
- ret = dev->bus->ops->write(dev->bus, dev->devfn, \
+ ret = dev->bus->ops->write(dev->bus, dev->devfn, \
pos, sizeof(type), val); \
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags); \
+ up_write(&pci_user_sem); \
return ret; \
}

@@ -117,21 +121,12 @@ PCI_USER_WRITE_CONFIG(dword, u32)
* pci_block_user_cfg_access - Block userspace PCI config reads/writes
* @dev: pci device struct
*
- * This function blocks any userspace PCI config accesses from occurring.
- * When blocked, any writes will be bit bucketed and reads will return the
- * data saved using pci_save_state for the first 64 bytes of config
- * space and return 0xff for all other config reads.
- **/
+ * When user access is blocked, any reads or writes to config space will
+ * sleep until access is unblocked again.
+ */
void pci_block_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- pci_save_state(dev);
-
- /* spinlock to synchronize with anyone reading config space now */
- spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags);
- dev->block_ucfg_access = 1;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags);
+ down_read(&pci_user_sem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_block_user_cfg_access);

@@ -140,14 +135,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_block_user_cfg_acc
* @dev: pci device struct
*
* This function allows userspace PCI config accesses to resume.
- **/
+ */
void pci_unblock_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- /* spinlock to synchronize with anyone reading saved config space */
- spin_lock_irqsave(&pci_lock, flags);
- dev->block_ucfg_access = 0;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pci_lock, flags);
+ up_read(&pci_user_sem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_unblock_user_cfg_access);
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ipr.c b/drivers/scsi/ipr.c
index 2dde821..5d06837 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/ipr.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/ipr.c
@@ -6174,6 +6174,7 @@ static int ipr_reset_start_bist(struct i
int rc;

ENTER;
+ pci_save_state(ioa_cfg->pdev);
pci_block_user_cfg_access(ioa_cfg->pdev);
rc = pci_write_config_byte(ioa_cfg->pdev, PCI_BIST, PCI_BIST_START);

diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index 3632282..4dbcbbd 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -174,7 +174,6 @@ struct pci_dev {
unsigned int is_busmaster:1; /* device is busmaster */
unsigned int no_msi:1; /* device may not use msi */
unsigned int no_d1d2:1; /* only allow d0 or d3 */
- unsigned int block_ucfg_access:1; /* userspace config space access is blocked */
unsigned int broken_parity_status:1; /* Device generates false positive parity */
unsigned int msi_enabled:1;
unsigned int msix_enabled:1;
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-10-17 16:55    [W:0.129 / U:0.008 seconds]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site