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SubjectRe: PowerPC fastpaths for mutex subsystem

* Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com> wrote:

> Tested on a 4 core (2 SMT threads/core) Power5 machine with gcc 3.3.2.

> Test results from synchro-test.ko:
>
> All tests run for default 5 seconds
> Threads semaphores mutexes mutexes+attached
> 1 63,465,364 58,404,630 62,109,571
> 4 58,424,282 35,541,297 37,820,794
> 8 40,731,668 35,541,297 40,281,768
> 16 38,372,769 37,256,298 41,751,764
> 32 38,406,895 36,933,675 38,731,571
> 64 37,232,017 36,222,480 40,766,379

interesting. Could you try two things? Firstly, could you add some
minimal delays to the lock/unlock path, of at least 1 usec? E.g.
"synchro-test.ko load=1 interval=1". [but you could try longer delays
too, 10 usecs is still realistic.]

secondly, could you try the VFS creat+unlink test via the test-mutex.c
code below, with something like:

./test-mutex V 16 10

(this tests with 16 tasks, for 10 seconds.) You'll get a useful ops/sec
number out of this test, but the other stats will only be calculated if
you implement the rdtsc() macro to read cycles - right now it defaults
to 'always 0' on ppc, i386 and ia64 has it implemented. Also, beware
that the default atomic_inc()/dec() is unsafe (only i386 and ia64 has
the real thing implemented), you might want to add a safe PPC
implementation.

thirdly, could you run 'vmstat 1' during the tests, and post those lines
too? Here i'm curious about two things: the average runqueue length
(whether we have overscheduling), and CPU utilization and idle time left
(how efficiently cycles are preserved in contention). [btw., does ppc
have an idle=poll equivalent mode of idling?]

also, there seems to be some fluctuation in the numbers - could you try
to run a few more to see how stable the numbers are?

Ingo

------------
/*
* Copyright (C) 2005, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*/
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <regex.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <dlfcn.h>
#include <popt.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <sched.h>

#ifdef __ia64__
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include "mmtimer.h"
int mmtimer_fd;

unsigned long __mm_timer_clock_res;
unsigned long *__mm_clock_dev;
unsigned long __mm_clock_offset;
#endif

unsigned long *shared;

#define mutex_lock() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)10)
#define mutex_unlock() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)20)
#define down() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)100)
#define up() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)200)
#define down_write() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)1000)
#define up_write() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)2000)
#define down_read() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)10000)
#define up_read() gettimeofday((void *)0, (void *)20000)
/*
* Shared locks and variables between the test tasks:
*/
#define CACHELINE_SIZE (128/sizeof(long))
enum {
SHARED_DELTA_SUM = 0*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_DELTA_MAX = 1*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_DELTA2_SUM = 2*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_DELTA2_MAX = 3*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_DELTA3_SUM = 4*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_DELTA3_MAX = 5*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_DELTA_DELTA_SUM = 6*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_COUNT = 7*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_SUM = 8*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_LOCK = 9*CACHELINE_SIZE,
SHARED_END = 10*CACHELINE_SIZE,
};
#define SHARED(x) (*(shared + SHARED_##x))
#define SHARED_LL(x) (*(unsigned long long *)(shared + SHARED_##x))

#define BUG_ON(c) assert(!(c))

static unsigned long *setup_shared_var(void)
{
char zerobuff [4096] = { 0, };
int ret, fd;
unsigned long *buf;
char tmpfile[100];
sprintf(tmpfile, ".tmp_mmap-%d", getpid());

fd = creat(tmpfile, 0700);

BUG_ON(fd == -1);
close(fd);

fd = open(tmpfile, O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC);
unlink(tmpfile);
BUG_ON(fd == -1);
ret = write(fd, zerobuff, 4096);
BUG_ON(ret != 4096);
buf = (void *)mmap(0, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
BUG_ON(buf == (void *)-1);
close(fd);

return buf;
}
#define LOOPS 10000
#ifdef __ia64__
static int setup_mmtimer(void)
{
unsigned long regoff;
int fd, _t;
size_t pagesize;
if ((fd = open ("/dev/mmtimer", O_RDONLY)) == -1)
perror("missing /dev/mmtimer");
else {
pagesize = getpagesize();
__mm_clock_dev = mmap(0, pagesize, PROT_READ,
MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (__mm_clock_dev != MAP_FAILED) {
regoff = ioctl(fd, MMTIMER_GETOFFSET, 0);
if (regoff >= 0) {
__mm_clock_dev += regoff;
__mm_clock_offset = *__mm_clock_dev;
} else
perror("reg offset ioctl failed");
_t = ioctl(fd, MMTIMER_GETFREQ, &__mm_timer_clock_res);
if (_t)
perror("get freq ioctl fail");
}
}
}

#define ia64_fetchadd8_rel(p, inc) \
({ \
__u64 ia64_intri_res; \
asm volatile ("fetchadd8.rel %0=[%1],%2" \
: "=r"(ia64_intri_res) : "r"(p), "i" (inc) \
: "memory"); \
\
ia64_intri_res; \
})
static inline void atomic_inc(unsigned long *flag)
{
ia64_fetchadd8_rel(flag, 1);
}
static inline void atomic_dec(unsigned long *flag)
{
ia64_fetchadd8_rel(flag, -1);
}
#elif defined(__i386__)
static inline void atomic_inc(unsigned long *flag)
{
__asm__ __volatile__(
"lock; incl %0\n"
: "=g"(*flag) : : "memory");
}
static inline void atomic_dec(unsigned long *flag)
{
__asm__ __volatile__(
"lock; decl %0\n"
: "=g"(*flag) : : "memory");
}
#else
static inline void atomic_inc(unsigned long *flag)
{
++*flag;
}
static inline void atomic_dec(unsigned long *flag)
{
--*flag;
}
#endif
static void LOCK(unsigned long *shared)
{
for (;;) {
atomic_inc(&SHARED(LOCK));
if (SHARED(LOCK) == 1)
break;
atomic_dec(&SHARED(LOCK));
usleep(1);
}
}
static void UNLOCK(unsigned long *shared)
{
atomic_dec(&SHARED(LOCK));
}

static void sigint(int sig)
{
atomic_inc(&SHARED(END));
}
static void print_status(unsigned long *shared)
{
unsigned long count;
count = SHARED(COUNT);
SHARED(COUNT) = 0;
SHARED_LL(SUM) += count;

printf("\r| loops/sec: %ld \r", count);
fflush(stdout);
}
enum {
TYPE_MUTEX,
TYPE_SEM,
TYPE_RSEM,
TYPE_WSEM,
TYPE_VFS,
NR_TYPES
};
const char * type_names[NR_TYPES] =
{ "Mutex",
"Semaphore",
"RW-semaphore Read",
"RW-semaphore Write",
"VFS"
};

typedef unsigned long long cycles_t;
typedef unsigned long long usecs_t;

#ifdef __ia64__
# define rdtscll(val) \
do { \
val = *__mm_clock_dev; \
} while (0)
#elif defined(__i386__)
# define rdtscll(val) \
do { \
__asm__ __volatile__("rdtsc" : "=A" (val)); \
} while (0)
#else
# define rdtscll(val) \
do { (val) = 0LL; } while (0)
#endif
#define rdtod(val) \
do { \
struct timeval tv; \
\
gettimeofday(&tv, NULL); \
(val) = tv.tv_sec * 1000000ULL + tv.tv_usec; \
} while (0)
#define max(x,y) ({ \
typeof(x) _x = (x); \
typeof(y) _y = (y); \
(void) (&_x == &_y); \
_x > _y ? _x : _y; })
#define unlikely(x) __builtin_expect(!!(x), 0)

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int i, parent, me, first = 1;
unsigned long cpus, tasks, seconds = 0;
cycles_t t0, t01, t1, delta, delta2, delta3, delta_sum = 0,
delta2_sum = 0, delta3_sum = 0, delta_delta,
delta_delta_sum = 0, prev_delta,
delta_max = 0, delta2_max = 0, delta3_max = 0;
char str[100];
double freq;
int type;
if (argc <= 1 || argc > 4) {
usage:
fprintf(stderr,
"usage: test-mutex [Mutex|Sem|Rsem|Wsem|Vfs creat+unlink] <threads> <seconds>\n");
exit(-1);
usage2:
fprintf(stderr, "the Mutex/Sem/Rsem/Wsem tests are not available.\n");
goto usage;
}
switch (argv[1][0]) {
case 'M': type = TYPE_MUTEX; goto usage2; break;
case 'S': type = TYPE_SEM; goto usage2; break;
case 'R': type = TYPE_RSEM; goto usage2; break;
case 'W': type = TYPE_WSEM; goto usage2; break;
case 'V': type = TYPE_VFS; break;
default: goto usage;
}
system("rm -f /tmp/* 2>/dev/null >/dev/null");
cpus = system("exit `grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l`");
cpus = WEXITSTATUS(cpus);
tasks = cpus;
if (argc >= 3) {
tasks = atol(argv[2]);
if (!tasks)
goto usage;
}
if (argc >= 4)
seconds = atol(argv[3]);
else
seconds = -1;
#ifdef __ia64__
setup_mmtimer();
#endif

printf("%ld CPUs, running %ld parallel test-tasks.\n", cpus, tasks);
printf("checking %s performance.\n", type_names[type]);

shared = setup_shared_var();

signal(SIGINT, sigint);
signal(SIGHUP, sigint);

parent = getpid();

for (i = 0; i < tasks; i++)
if (!fork())
break;
sleep(1);
me = getpid();
sprintf(str, "/tmp/tmp-%d", me);
if (me == parent) {
unsigned long long total_count;
int i = 0, j;
for (;;) {
sleep(1);
if (i == seconds || SHARED(END))
break;
i++;
print_status(shared);
}
atomic_inc(&SHARED(END));
total_count = SHARED(SUM);
for (j = 0; j < tasks; j++)
wait(NULL);
if (i)
printf("\navg ops/sec: %Ld\n", total_count / i);
LOCK(shared);
// printf("delta_sum: %Ld\n", SHARED_LL(DELTA_SUM));
// printf("delta_delta_sum: %Ld\n", SHARED_LL(DELTA_DELTA_SUM));
#ifdef __ia64__
freq = 25.0;
#else
freq = 700.0;
#endif
printf("average cost per op: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA_SUM)/total_count/freq);
printf("average cost per lock: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA2_SUM)/total_count/freq);
printf("average cost per unlock: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA3_SUM)/total_count/freq);
printf("max cost per op: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA_MAX)/freq);
printf("max cost per lock: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA2_MAX)/freq);
printf("max cost per unlock: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA3_MAX)/freq);
printf("average deviance per op: %.2f usecs\n",
(double)SHARED_LL(DELTA_DELTA_SUM)/total_count/freq/2.0);
UNLOCK(shared);
exit(0);
}
for (;;) {
rdtscll(t0);
switch (type) {
case TYPE_MUTEX:
mutex_lock();
rdtscll(t01);
mutex_unlock();
break;
case TYPE_SEM:
down();
rdtscll(t01);
up();
break;
case TYPE_RSEM:
down_read();
rdtscll(t01);
up_read();
break;
case TYPE_WSEM:
down_write();
rdtscll(t01);
up_write();
break;
case TYPE_VFS:
{
int fd;
fd = creat(str, S_IRWXU);
rdtscll(t01);
close(fd);

break;
}
}
rdtscll(t1);
delta = t1-t0;
if (unlikely(delta > delta_max))
delta_max = delta;
delta_sum += delta;
delta2 = t01-t0;
if (unlikely(delta2 > delta2_max))
delta2_max = delta2;
delta2_sum += delta2;
delta3 = t1-t01;
if (unlikely(delta3 > delta3_max))
delta3_max = delta3;
delta3_sum += delta3;
if (!first) {
if (prev_delta < delta)
delta_delta = delta - prev_delta;
else
delta_delta = prev_delta - delta;
delta_delta_sum += delta_delta;
#if 0
printf("%Ld-%Ld {%Ld} prev: {%Ld} / [%Ld]\n",
t0, t1, delta, prev_delta, delta_delta);
printf(" {%Ld} - {%Ld}\n",
delta_sum, delta_delta_sum);
#endif
} else
first = 0;
prev_delta = delta;

atomic_inc(&SHARED(COUNT));

if (unlikely(SHARED(END))) {
LOCK(shared);
SHARED_LL(DELTA_SUM) += delta_sum;
SHARED_LL(DELTA_MAX) = max(SHARED_LL(DELTA_MAX),
delta_max);
SHARED_LL(DELTA2_SUM) += delta2_sum;
SHARED_LL(DELTA2_MAX) = max(SHARED_LL(DELTA2_MAX),
delta2_max);
SHARED_LL(DELTA3_SUM) += delta3_sum;
SHARED_LL(DELTA3_MAX) = max(SHARED_LL(DELTA3_MAX),
delta3_max);
SHARED_LL(DELTA_DELTA_SUM) += delta_delta_sum;
#if 0
printf("delta_sum: %Ld\n", delta_sum);
printf("delta_delta_sum: %Ld\n", delta_delta_sum);
printf("DELTA_SUM: %Ld\n", SHARED_LL(DELTA_SUM));
printf("DELTA_DELTA_SUM: %Ld\n", SHARED_LL(DELTA_DELTA_SUM));
#endif
UNLOCK(shared);
exit(0);
}
}
return 0;
}
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