[lkml]   [2005]   [Sep]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [Fastboot] [PATCH] Kdump(x86): add note type NT_KDUMPINFO tokernel core dumps
On Thu, Sep 22, 2005 at 03:01:10AM -0600, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Dave Anderson <> writes:
> > "Eric W. Biederman" wrote:
> >
> >> Vivek Goyal <> writes:
> >>
> >> > o This patch adds a new note type NT_KDUMPINFO. This note is added with
> >> > kernel core dumps generated by kdump.
> >> >
> >> > o This note mainly communicates the information required by kernel dump
> >> > analysis tool "crash" to analyze the kernel core dump. As of now it contains
> >> > the pointer to task struct of panicing task and page size. Page size is
> >> > irrelevant for i386 but is required for architectures like ia64 and ppc64.
> >> >
> >
> > It's not absolutely required for crash -- but more of a convenience. As it is,
> > the
> > set of NT_PRSTATUS sections can be scoured for the set of active
> > tasks, and then the process stacks (and potentially the IRQ stacks, then
> > mapped back to the proper process stack) can be searched for crash_kexec.
> > So crash works without the task_struct pointer, but it's ugly. It's just that
> > netdump, diskdump and LKCD all report the panic task_struct pointer,
> > and it seems a reasonable thing to do.
> Ok. The point here is to know which task/cpu called panic, rather
> than to get the task_struct. That makes a lot of sense, and is
> cheap to get. Any note on the crashing cpu that is not captured
> by another cpu will give us that information.

That makes sense. Sheer presence of a particular note can identify the
crashing cpu and no need to store "current". Only crashing cpu is going
to store that note and that too after respective NT_PRSTATUS.

> My primary concern is while the concept of a task_struct is pretty
> stable who is to know how the kernel will change in the future. So
> if we don't need to export a task_struct pointer and merely need
> to flag the cpu that called panic we can do that much more reliably.
> A practical question is how is this solved with a normal multi-threaded
> core dumps?
> It is not the best thing but order of the notes does and will matter,
> it is likely worth Documenting so people don't change it that
> PR_STATUS comes first so we can reliably find the first note
> for a cpu, after everything has been serialized.
> >> > o gdb is not affected by this change as gdb need not to parse this note.
> >>
> >> A couple of things.
> >> - The name of your note is terribly generic, so it seems a poor choice.
> >>
> >> - Why do we need to capture the page size at the time of the
> >> crash? Isn't the page size a compile time option? Won't
> >> sys_getpagesize() get you this information before the crash?
> >> Why do we need the kernels page size at all?
> >>
> >
> > The page size is needed for a whole host of things, primarily for
> > virtual-to-physical address translations, a bunch of VM-related
> > commands, etc. For non-x86[_64] systems. the host system may
> > be using a different page size than the vmcore being examining.
> > That's probably a rare situation, and using getpagesize() on the
> > host would work in most cases, or perhaps issuing the page size
> > as a command line option, but again, it's another convenience item
> > that gets reported by netdump, diskdump and LKCD.
> What I was mostly saying is that there are other places this can
> be captured. If this is actually a compile time option on all
> architectures we should simply add more debug information to vmlinux.
> If this varies at runtime we have the option of capturing it from the
> kernel before it crashes. We don't need to run code to capture
> it while the kernel is dying.
> Having just skimmed the include/asm-* it looks like this is indeed
> a compile time option so the page size needs to get added to the
> information that is easy to get from the vmlinux binary.
> We do need a way that we can test to see if a core dump
> actually matches the vmlinux we are looking at. Probably
> this is capturing all of the information captured by linux/version.h
> and linux/compile.h both at runtime and at compile time and
> checking to see if they match.

I quickly browsed through "crash" code and looks like it is already doing
similiar check (kernel.c, verify_version()). It seems to be retrieving
"linux_banner" from core image and also retrieving banner string from vmlinux
and trying to match. So if banner information can be directly read from the
core image, probably there is no need to export it through notes.

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

 \ /
  Last update: 2005-09-22 17:33    [W:0.049 / U:7.380 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site