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SubjectRe: Where is the performance bottleneck?
On Tue, Aug 30, 2005 at 08:06:21PM +0000, Holger Kiehl wrote:
> >>How does one determine the PCI-X bus speed?
> >
> >Usually only the card (in your case the Symbios SCSI controller) can
> >tell. If it does, it'll be most likely in 'dmesg'.
> >
> There is nothing in dmesg:
>
> Fusion MPT base driver 3.01.20
> Copyright (c) 1999-2004 LSI Logic Corporation
> ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:02:04.0[A] -> GSI 24 (level, low) -> IRQ 217
> mptbase: Initiating ioc0 bringup
> ioc0: 53C1030: Capabilities={Initiator,Target}
> ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:02:04.1[B] -> GSI 25 (level, low) -> IRQ 225
> mptbase: Initiating ioc1 bringup
> ioc1: 53C1030: Capabilities={Initiator,Target}
> Fusion MPT SCSI Host driver 3.01.20
>
> >To find where the bottleneck is, I'd suggest trying without the
> >filesystem at all, and just filling a large part of the block device
> >using the 'dd' command.
> >
> >Also, trying without the RAID, and just running 4 (and 8) concurrent
> >dd's to the separate drives could show whether it's the RAID that's
> >slowing things down.
> >
> Ok, I did run the following dd command in different combinations:
>
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sd?1 bs=4k count=5000000

I think a bs of 4k is way too small and will cause huge CPU overhead.
Can you try with something like 4M? Also, you can use /dev/full to avoid
the pre-zeroing.

> Here the results:
>
> Each disk alone
> /dev/sdc1 59.094636 MB/s
> /dev/sdd1 58.686592 MB/s
> /dev/sde1 55.282807 MB/s
> /dev/sdf1 62.271240 MB/s
> /dev/sdg1 60.872891 MB/s
> /dev/sdh1 62.252781 MB/s
> /dev/sdi1 59.145637 MB/s
> /dev/sdj1 60.921119 MB/s

> All 8 disks in parallel
> /dev/sdc1 24.120545 MB/s
> /dev/sdd1 24.419801 MB/s
> /dev/sde1 24.296588 MB/s
> /dev/sdf1 25.609548 MB/s
> /dev/sdg1 24.572617 MB/s
> /dev/sdh1 25.552590 MB/s
> /dev/sdi1 24.575616 MB/s
> /dev/sdj1 25.124165 MB/s

You're saturating some bus. It almost looks like it's the PCI-X,
although that should be able to deliver up (if running at the full speed
of AMD8132) up to 1GB/sec, so it SHOULD not be an issue.

> So from these results, I may assume that md is not the cause of the problem.
>
> What comes as a big surprise is that I loose 25% performance with only
> two disks and each hanging on its own channel!
>
> Is this normal? I wonder if other people have the same problem with
> other controllers or the same.

No, I don't think this is OK.

> What can I do next to find out if this is a kernel, driver or hardware
> problem?

You need to find where the bottleneck is, by removing one possible
bottleneck at a time in your test.

--
Vojtech Pavlik
SuSE Labs, SuSE CR
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