lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2005]   [Aug]   [31]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Where is the performance bottleneck?
Holger Kiehl wrote:
> On Wed, 31 Aug 2005, Jens Axboe wrote:
>
>> On Wed, Aug 31 2005, Holger Kiehl wrote:
>>
[]
>>> I used the following command reading from all 8 disks in parallel:
>>>
>>> dd if=/dev/sd?1 of=/dev/null bs=256k count=78125
>>>
>>> Here vmstat output (I just cut something out in the middle):
>>>
>>> procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- ----cpu----
>>> r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa
>>> 3 7 4348 42640 7799984 9612 0 0 322816 0 3532 4987 0 22 0 78
>>> 1 7 4348 42136 7800624 9584 0 0 322176 0 3526 4987 0 23 4 74
>>> 0 8 4348 39912 7802648 9668 0 0 322176 0 3525 4955 0 22 12 66
>>
>> Ok, so that's somewhat better than the writes but still off from what
>> the individual drives can do in total.
>>
>>>> You might want to try the same with direct io, just to eliminate the
>>>> costly user copy. I don't expect it to make much of a difference though,
>>>> feels like the problem is elsewhere (driver, most likely).
>>>>
>>> Sorry, I don't know how to do this. Do you mean using a C program
>>> that sets some flag to do direct io, or how can I do that?
>>
>> I've attached a little sample for you, just run ala
>>
>> # ./oread /dev/sdX
>>
>> and it will read 128k chunks direct from that device. Run on the same
>> drives as above, reply with the vmstat info again.
>>
> Using kernel 2.6.12.5 again, here the results:
>
> procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- ----cpu----
> r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa
> 0 8 0 8005380 4816 41084 0 0 318848 32 3511 4672 0 1 75 24
> 0 8 0 8005380 4816 41084 0 0 320640 0 3512 4877 0 2 75 23
> 0 8 0 8005380 4816 41084 0 0 322944 0 3533 5047 0 2 75 24
> 0 8 0 8005380 4816 41084 0 0 322816 0 3531 5053 0 1 75 24
> 0 8 0 8005380 4816 41084 0 0 322944 0 3531 5048 0 2 75 23
> 0 8 0 8005380 4816 41084 0 0 322944 0 3529 5043 0 1 75 24
> 0 0 0 8008360 4816 41084 0 0 266880 0 3112 4224 0 2 78 20

I went on and did similar tests on our box, which is:

dual Xeon 2.44GHz with HT (so it's like 4 logical CPUs)
dual-channel AIC-7902 U320 controller
8 SEAGATE ST336607LW drives attached to the 2 channels of the
controller, sd[abcd] to channel 0 and sd[efgh] to channel 1

Each drive is capable to get about 60 megabytes/sec.
The kernel is 2.6.13 from kernel.org.

With direct-reading:
procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- ----cpu----
r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa
0 8 12 87 471 1839 0 0 455296 84 1936 3739 0 3 47 50
1 7 12 87 471 1839 0 0 456704 80 1941 3744 0 4 48 48
1 7 12 87 471 1839 0 0 446464 82 1914 3648 0 2 48 50
0 8 12 87 471 1839 0 0 454016 94 1944 3765 0 2 47 50
0 8 12 87 471 1839 0 0 458752 60 1944 3746 0 2 48 50

Without direct:
procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- ----cpu----
r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa
8 6 12 80 470 1839 0 0 359966 124 1726 2270 1 89 0 10
2 7 12 80 470 1839 0 0 352813 113 1741 2124 1 88 1 10
8 4 12 80 471 1839 0 0 358990 34 1669 1934 1 94 0 5
7 5 12 79 471 1839 0 0 354065 157 1761 2128 1 90 1 8
6 5 12 80 471 1839 0 0 358062 44 1686 1911 1 93 0 6

So the difference direct vs "indirect" is quite.. significant. And with
direct-reading, all 8 drives are up to their real speed. Note the CPU usage
in case of "indirect" reading too - it's about 90%...

And here's an idle system as well:
procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- ----cpu----
r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa
0 0 12 89 471 1839 0 0 0 58 151 358 0 0 100 0
0 0 12 89 471 1839 0 0 0 66 157 167 0 0 99 0

Too bad I can't perform write tests on this system...

/mjt
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-08-31 20:09    [W:0.098 / U:0.260 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site