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Subject[RFC][PATCH 1 of 4] Configfs is really sysfs
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Hi Andrew,

Configfs blithely ingests kobject.h and kobject.c into itself, just changing
the names. Furthermore, more than half of configfs is copied verbatim from
sysfs, the only difference being the name changes. After undoing the name
changes and adding a few new fields to kobject structures, configfs is able
to use the real thing instead of its own imitation.

The changes I made to kobject.h and sysfs.h are:

* add module owner to kobj_type.

* add group_operations to kobj_type (because configfs does it this way
not because it is right)

* add a children field to kset. This is likely the same as the blandly
named "list" field but I haven't confirmed it.

* add a default_groups field to kset, analogous to the default_attrs of
kobj_type. Hmm, somebody seems to be mixing up types and containers
here, but let's just close our eyes for now.

* add an s_links field to sysfs_dirent to support configfs's user
createable symlinks.

* add two new methods to sysfs_ops for fancy symlink hooks

* add a questionable release method to sysfs_ops. Sysfs and configfs
have slightly different notions of when to release objects, one of
them is probably wrong.

That's it, no new fields in kobjects themselves, and just three or four fields
in other allocateable structures. After these changes, no structures at all
are left in configfs.h. Configfs is now running happily using the kobject
machinery instead of its own mutated clones and unsurprisingly, sysfs still
runs happily too. These changes are all found in the first patch of this
series.

I then looked into exactly how configfs and sysfs are different. To reduce
the noise, I concatentated all the files in each directory into two single
files. With redundant declarations removed, configfs came in at 1897 lines
and sysfs at 1680. Diffing those two files shows:

diff -u fs/sysfs/sysfs.c fs/configfs/configfs.c | diffstat configfs.c | 1497
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------------
1 files changed, 857 insertions(+), 640 deletions(-)
So we see that two thirds of sysfs made it into configfs unchanged. Of the
remaining one third that configfs has not copied, about one third supports
read/write/mmappable attribute files (why should configfs not have them
too?), a little less than a third involves needlessly importing its own
version of setattr, and the remainder, about 300 lines, exports the kernel
interface for manipulating the user-visible sysfs tree.

Allowing for a few lines of fluff, configfs's value add is about 750 lines
of user space glue for namespace operations. Nothing below that glue layer
is changed, except cosmetically. So configfs really is sysfs. By adding
about 300 lines to configfs we can add the vfs-bypass code, and voila,
configfs becomess sysfs. Another 200 lines gives us the binary blob
attributes as well. There is no reason whatsover for configfs and sysfs to
live on as separate code bases. If we really want to make a distinction, we
can make the distinction with a flag.

But it would be stupid to forbid users from creating directories in sysfs or
to forbid kernel modules from directly tweaking a configfs namespace. Why
should the kernel not be able to add objects to a directory a user created?
It should be up to the module author to decide these things.

Please do not push configfs to stable in this form. It is not actually a new
filesystem, it is an extension to sysfs. Merging it as is would add more
than a thousand lines of pointless kernel bloat. If indeed we wish to
present exactly the semantics configfs now offers, we do not need a separate
code base to do so.

The four patches in this patch set:

1) Add new fields to kobjects; update other headers to match
2) Sysfs all in one file
3) Configfs all in one file
4) A configfs kernel example using sysfs instead of configfs structures

Regards,

Daniel

diff -up --recursive 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/include/linux/configfs.h 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/include/linux/configfs.h
--- 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/include/linux/configfs.h 2005-08-09 18:23:31.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/include/linux/configfs.h 2005-08-29 18:30:41.000000000 -0400
@@ -46,120 +46,32 @@

#define CONFIGFS_ITEM_NAME_LEN 20

-struct module;
-
-struct configfs_item_operations;
-struct configfs_group_operations;
-struct configfs_attribute;
-struct configfs_subsystem;
-
-struct config_item {
- char *ci_name;
- char ci_namebuf[CONFIGFS_ITEM_NAME_LEN];
- struct kref ci_kref;
- struct list_head ci_entry;
- struct config_item *ci_parent;
- struct config_group *ci_group;
- struct config_item_type *ci_type;
- struct dentry *ci_dentry;
-};
-
-extern int config_item_set_name(struct config_item *, const char *, ...);
-
-static inline char *config_item_name(struct config_item * item)
-{
- return item->ci_name;
-}
-
-extern void config_item_init(struct config_item *);
-extern void config_item_init_type_name(struct config_item *item,
- const char *name,
- struct config_item_type *type);
-extern void config_item_cleanup(struct config_item *);
-
-extern struct config_item * config_item_get(struct config_item *);
-extern void config_item_put(struct config_item *);
-
-struct config_item_type {
- struct module *ct_owner;
- struct configfs_item_operations *ct_item_ops;
- struct configfs_group_operations *ct_group_ops;
- struct configfs_attribute **ct_attrs;
-};
-
+extern void kobject_init_type_name(struct kobject *item, const char *name, struct kobj_type *type);

/**
- * group - a group of config_items of a specific type, belonging
+ * group - a group of kobjects of a specific type, belonging
* to a specific subsystem.
*/

-struct config_group {
- struct config_item cg_item;
- struct list_head cg_children;
- struct configfs_subsystem *cg_subsys;
- struct config_group **default_groups;
-};
-
+extern void config_group_init(struct kset *group);
+extern void config_group_init_type_name(struct kset *group, const char *name, struct kobj_type *type);

-extern void config_group_init(struct config_group *group);
-extern void config_group_init_type_name(struct config_group *group,
- const char *name,
- struct config_item_type *type);
-
-
-static inline struct config_group *to_config_group(struct config_item *item)
+static inline struct kset *to_config_group(struct kobject *item)
{
- return item ? container_of(item,struct config_group,cg_item) : NULL;
+ return item ? container_of(item,struct kset,kobj) : NULL;
}

-static inline struct config_group *config_group_get(struct config_group *group)
+static inline struct kset *config_group_get(struct kset *group)
{
- return group ? to_config_group(config_item_get(&group->cg_item)) : NULL;
+ return group ? to_config_group(kobject_get(&group->kobj)) : NULL;
}

-static inline void config_group_put(struct config_group *group)
+static inline void config_group_put(struct kset *group)
{
- config_item_put(&group->cg_item);
+ kobject_put(&group->kobj);
}

-extern struct config_item *config_group_find_obj(struct config_group *, const char *);
-
-
-struct configfs_attribute {
- char *ca_name;
- struct module *ca_owner;
- mode_t ca_mode;
-};
-
-
-/*
- * If allow_link() exists, the item can symlink(2) out to other
- * items. If the item is a group, it may support mkdir(2).
- * Groups supply one of make_group() and make_item(). If the
- * group supports make_group(), one can create group children. If it
- * supports make_item(), one can create config_item children. If it has
- * default_groups on group->default_groups, it has automatically created
- * group children. default_groups may coexist alongsize make_group() or
- * make_item(), but if the group wishes to have only default_groups
- * children (disallowing mkdir(2)), it need not provide either function.
- * If the group has commit(), it supports pending and commited (active)
- * items.
- */
-struct configfs_item_operations {
- void (*release)(struct config_item *);
- ssize_t (*show_attribute)(struct config_item *, struct configfs_attribute *,char *);
- ssize_t (*store_attribute)(struct config_item *,struct configfs_attribute *,const char *, size_t);
- int (*allow_link)(struct config_item *src, struct config_item *target);
- int (*drop_link)(struct config_item *src, struct config_item *target);
-};
-
-struct configfs_group_operations {
- struct config_item *(*make_item)(struct config_group *group, const char *name);
- struct config_group *(*make_group)(struct config_group *group, const char *name);
- int (*commit_item)(struct config_item *item);
- void (*drop_item)(struct config_group *group, struct config_item *item);
-};
-
+extern struct kobject *config_group_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *);


/**
@@ -185,20 +97,13 @@ struct configfs_group_operations {
#endif


-struct configfs_subsystem {
- struct config_group su_group;
- struct semaphore su_sem;
-};
-
-static inline struct configfs_subsystem *to_configfs_subsystem(struct config_group *group)
+static inline struct subsystem *to_configfs_subsystem(struct kset *kset)
{
- return group ?
- container_of(group, struct configfs_subsystem, su_group) :
- NULL;
+ return kset ? container_of(kset, struct subsystem, kset) : NULL;
}

-int configfs_register_subsystem(struct configfs_subsystem *subsys);
-void configfs_unregister_subsystem(struct configfs_subsystem *subsys);
+int configfs_register_subsystem(struct subsystem *subsys);
+void configfs_unregister_subsystem(struct subsystem *subsys);

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */

diff -up --recursive 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/include/linux/kobject.h 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/include/linux/kobject.h
--- 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/include/linux/kobject.h 2005-08-09 18:23:13.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/include/linux/kobject.h 2005-08-29 02:40:27.000000000 -0400
@@ -69,7 +69,9 @@ extern char * kobject_get_path(struct ko

struct kobj_type {
void (*release)(struct kobject *);
+ struct module *ct_owner;
struct sysfs_ops * sysfs_ops;
+ struct configfs_group_operations *ct_group_ops;
struct attribute ** default_attrs;
};

@@ -106,6 +108,10 @@ struct kset {
spinlock_t list_lock;
struct kobject kobj;
struct kset_hotplug_ops * hotplug_ops;
+
+ /* configfs fields: merge us! */
+ struct list_head cg_children;
+ struct kset **default_groups;
};


@@ -144,7 +150,7 @@ extern struct kobject * kset_find_obj(st
* Use this when initializing an embedded kset with no other
* fields to initialize.
*/
-#define set_kset_name(str) .kset = { .kobj = { .name = str } }
+#define set_kset_name(str) .kset = { .kobj = { .k_name = str } }



@@ -156,7 +162,7 @@ struct subsystem {
#define decl_subsys(_name,_type,_hotplug_ops) \
struct subsystem _name##_subsys = { \
.kset = { \
- .kobj = { .name = __stringify(_name) }, \
+ .kobj = { .k_name = __stringify(_name) }, \
.ktype = _type, \
.hotplug_ops =_hotplug_ops, \
} \
@@ -164,7 +170,7 @@ struct subsystem _name##_subsys = { \
#define decl_subsys_name(_varname,_name,_type,_hotplug_ops) \
struct subsystem _varname##_subsys = { \
.kset = { \
- .kobj = { .name = __stringify(_name) }, \
+ .kobj = { .k_name = __stringify(_name) }, \
.ktype = _type, \
.hotplug_ops =_hotplug_ops, \
} \
diff -up --recursive 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/include/linux/sysfs.h 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/include/linux/sysfs.h
--- 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/include/linux/sysfs.h 2005-08-09 18:23:13.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/include/linux/sysfs.h 2005-08-29 16:58:02.000000000 -0400
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@

#include <asm/atomic.h>

+struct kset;
struct kobject;
struct module;

@@ -63,12 +64,36 @@ struct bin_attribute {
struct sysfs_ops {
ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *,char *);
ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *,struct attribute *,const char *, size_t);
+ int (*allow_link)(struct kobject *src, struct kobject *target);
+ int (*drop_link)(struct kobject *src, struct kobject *target);
+ void (*release)(struct kobject *);
+};
+
+/*
+ * If allow_link() exists, the item can symlink(2) out to other
+ * items. If the item is a group, it may support mkdir(2).
+ * Groups supply one of make_group() and make_item(). If the
+ * group supports make_group(), one can create group children. If it
+ * supports make_item(), one can create kobject children. If it has
+ * default_groups on group->default_groups, it has automatically created
+ * group children. default_groups may coexist alongsize make_group() or
+ * make_item(), but if the group wishes to have only default_groups
+ * children (disallowing mkdir(2)), it need not provide either function.
+ * If the group has commit(), it supports pending and commited (active)
+ * items.
+ */
+struct configfs_group_operations {
+ struct kobject *(*make_item)(struct kset *group, const char *name);
+ struct kset *(*make_group)(struct kset *group, const char *name);
+ int (*commit_item)(struct kobject *item);
+ void (*drop_item)(struct kset *group, struct kobject *item);
};

struct sysfs_dirent {
atomic_t s_count;
struct list_head s_sibling;
struct list_head s_children;
+ struct list_head s_links; /* configfs */
void * s_element;
int s_type;
umode_t s_mode;
diff -up --recursive 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/lib/kobject.c 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/lib/kobject.c
--- 2.6.13-rc5-mm1.clean/lib/kobject.c 2005-08-09 18:23:13.000000000 -0400
+++ 2.6.13-rc5-mm1/lib/kobject.c 2005-08-29 21:29:24.000000000 -0400
@@ -344,7 +344,9 @@ void kobject_cleanup(struct kobject * ko
kfree(kobj->k_name);
kobj->k_name = NULL;
if (t && t->release)
- t->release(kobj);
+ t->release(kobj); /* which one of us... */
+ if (t && t->sysfs_ops && t->sysfs_ops->release)
+ t->sysfs_ops->release(kobj); /* ...is bogus? */
if (s)
kset_put(s);
if (parent)
-
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