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Subject[PATCH][FAT] FAT dirent scan with hin take #2

Here is a revised version of dirent scan patch, mentioned at
following E-mail.

This patch addresses performance damages on "ls | xargs xxx" and
reverse order scan which are reported to the previous patch.

With this patch, fat_search_long() and fat_scan() use hint value
as start of scan. For each directory holds multiple hint value entries.
The entry would be selected by hash value based on scan target name and
PID. Hint value would be calculated based on the entry previously found
entry, so that the hint can cover backward neighborhood.

This patch is for 2.6.12, because I tested it at the last weekend...

Machida, Hiroyuki wrote:
>
> As I said in "[RFC] FAT dirent scan with hint"
> <43024977.7020101@sm.sony.co.jp>, we realized that FAT/VFAT has
> poor performance with scanning directory entries.
>
> Per discussions with Ogawa-san, VFAT maintainer, I took profiling data
> to seek better solution. Here are results attached.
>
> In short, I would say we need to reduce following factors.
> a) number of iterations inside fat_search_long()
> b) number of callings to uni16_to_x8()
> c) number of callings to fat__get_entry(), for short name scan.
>
> In another E-mail, I'll send revised version patch which use hint
> values to scan dirent. That patch would reduce number of iterations
> inside fat_search_long() and fat_scan(). Those contributes reductions
> above a)-c) factors.
>
:
snip
:
--
Hiroyuki Machida machida@sm.sony.co.jp
SSW Dept. HENC, Sony Corp.
This patch enables using hint nformation on scanning dir.
It reaches excelent performance with "ls -l" for over 1000 entries.

* fat-dirscan-with-hint.patch
fs/fat/dir.c | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
fs/fat/inode.c | 13 ++++
include/linux/msdos_fs.h | 2
3 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Signed-off-by: Hiroyuki Machida <machida@sm.sony.co.jp> for CELF

* modified files

--- old/include/linux/msdos_fs.h 2005-08-29 09:38:53.308587787 +0900
+++ new/include/linux/msdos_fs.h 2005-08-29 09:39:33.889555606 +0900
@@ -255,6 +255,8 @@ struct msdos_inode_info {
/* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */
unsigned int cache_valid_id;

+ struct semaphore *scan_lock; /* lock for dirscan hints */
+ loff_t *scan_hints; /* dirscan hints */
loff_t mmu_private;
int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */
int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */
--- old/fs/fat/dir.c 2005-08-29 09:38:53.158584210 +0900
+++ new/fs/fat/dir.c 2005-08-29 09:39:33.889555606 +0900
@@ -201,6 +201,91 @@ fat_shortname2uni(struct nls_table *nls,
* Return values: negative -> error, 0 -> not found, positive -> found,
* value is the total amount of slots, including the shortname entry.
*/
+
+#define FAT_SCAN_SHIFT 4 /* 2x8 way scan hints */
+#define FAT_SCAN_NWAY (1<<FAT_SCAN_SHIFT)
+
+
+DECLARE_MUTEX(hint_alloc_lock);
+
+inline
+static int hint_allocate(struct inode *dir)
+{
+ void *hints;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ if (!MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_hints) {
+ hints = kmalloc(FAT_SCAN_NWAY*sizeof(loff_t),GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (hints)
+ memset(hints, 0, FAT_SCAN_NWAY*sizeof(loff_t));
+ else
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+
+ down(&MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_lock);
+ if (MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_hints) err = -EINVAL;
+ if (!err) MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_hints = hints;
+ up(&MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_lock);
+ if (err == -EINVAL) {
+ if (hints) kfree(hints);
+ err = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ return err;
+}
+
+
+inline
+static void hint_record(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo,
+ int hindex)
+{
+ loff_t under_scan_off, nent;
+
+ nent = (dir->i_size > PAGE_SIZE ? dir->i_size : PAGE_SIZE)
+ / sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry);
+
+ /* educational guess; try to cover 1/4 previous range */
+ nent >>= (FAT_SCAN_SHIFT + 2);
+ under_scan_off = nent * sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry);
+
+ if (sinfo->slot_off > under_scan_off)
+ MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_hints[hindex] =
+ sinfo->slot_off - under_scan_off;
+ else
+ MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_hints[hindex] = 0;
+}
+
+
+inline
+static int hint_index_body(const unsigned char *name, int name_len, int check_null)
+{
+ int i;
+ int val = 0;
+ unsigned char *p = (unsigned char *) name;
+ int id = current->pid;
+
+ for (i=0; i<name_len; i++) {
+ if (check_null && !*p) break;
+ val = ((val << 1) & 0xfe) | ((val&0x80)?1:0);
+ val ^= *p;
+ p ++;
+ }
+ id = ((id >> 8) & 0xf) ^ (id & 0xf);
+ val = (val << 1) | (id & 1);
+ return val & (FAT_SCAN_NWAY-1);
+}
+
+inline
+static int lfn_hint_index(const unsigned char *name, int name_len)
+{
+ return hint_index_body(name, name_len, 0);
+}
+
+inline
+static int hint_index(const unsigned char *name)
+{
+ return hint_index_body(name, MSDOS_NAME, 1);
+}
+
int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name,
int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo)
{
@@ -218,13 +303,26 @@ int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode,
int utf8 = sbi->options.utf8;
int anycase = (sbi->options.name_check != 's');
unsigned short opt_shortname = sbi->options.shortname;
- loff_t cpos = 0;
int chl, i, j, last_u, err;
+ loff_t cpos, start_off;
+ int reach_bottom = 0;
+ int hindex;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = hint_allocate(inode);
+ if (ret < 0) return ret;
+ hindex = lfn_hint_index(name, name_len);
+ start_off = cpos = MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_hints[hindex];

err = -ENOENT;
while(1) {
- if (fat_get_entry(inode, &cpos, &bh, &de) == -1)
- goto EODir;
+Top:
+ if (reach_bottom && cpos >= start_off) goto EODir;
+ if (fat_get_entry(inode, &cpos, &bh, &de) == -1) {
+ if (!start_off) goto EODir;
+ reach_bottom ++; cpos = 0;
+ continue;
+ }
parse_record:
nr_slots = 0;
if (de->name[0] == DELETED_FLAG)
@@ -274,8 +372,11 @@ parse_long:
if (ds->id & 0x40) {
unicode[offset + 13] = 0;
}
- if (fat_get_entry(inode, &cpos, &bh, &de) < 0)
- goto EODir;
+ if (fat_get_entry(inode, &cpos, &bh, &de) <0 ) {
+ if (!start_off) goto EODir;
+ reach_bottom ++; cpos = 0;
+ goto Top;
+ }
if (slot == 0)
break;
ds = (struct msdos_dir_slot *) de;
@@ -363,6 +464,7 @@ Found:
sinfo->de = de;
sinfo->bh = bh;
sinfo->i_pos = fat_make_i_pos(sb, sinfo->bh, sinfo->de);
+ hint_record(inode, sinfo, hindex);
err = 0;
EODir:
if (unicode)
@@ -838,17 +940,32 @@ int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const un
struct fat_slot_info *sinfo)
{
struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
+ loff_t start_off;
+ int hindex;
+ int ret;
+ int reach_bottom = 0;
+
+ ret = hint_allocate(dir);
+ if (ret < 0) return ret;
+ hindex = hint_index(name);

- sinfo->slot_off = 0;
+ sinfo->slot_off = start_off = MSDOS_I(dir)->scan_hints[hindex];
sinfo->bh = NULL;
- while (fat_get_short_entry(dir, &sinfo->slot_off, &sinfo->bh,
- &sinfo->de) >= 0) {
+ while (1) {
+ if (fat_get_short_entry(dir, &sinfo->slot_off,
+ &sinfo->bh, &sinfo->de) <0 ) {
+ if (!start_off) break;
+ sinfo->slot_off = 0LL; reach_bottom ++;
+ continue;
+ }
if (!strncmp(sinfo->de->name, name, MSDOS_NAME)) {
sinfo->slot_off -= sizeof(*sinfo->de);
sinfo->nr_slots = 1;
sinfo->i_pos = fat_make_i_pos(sb, sinfo->bh, sinfo->de);
+ hint_record(dir, sinfo, hindex);
return 0;
}
+ if (reach_bottom && (start_off <= sinfo->slot_off)) break;
}
return -ENOENT;
}
--- old/fs/fat/inode.c 2005-08-29 09:38:53.308587787 +0900
+++ new/fs/fat/inode.c 2005-08-29 09:39:33.889555606 +0900
@@ -242,6 +242,8 @@ static int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *
inode->i_version++;
inode->i_generation = get_seconds();

+ init_MUTEX(&(MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_lock);
+ MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_hints = 0;
if ((de->attr & ATTR_DIR) && !IS_FREE(de->name)) {
inode->i_generation &= ~1;
inode->i_mode = MSDOS_MKMODE(de->attr,
@@ -345,6 +347,15 @@ static void fat_delete_inode(struct inod
static void fat_clear_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
+ void *hints;
+
+ down(&(MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_lock);
+ hints = (void *)(MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_hints);
+ if (hints) {
+ MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_hints = 0;
+ }
+ up(&(MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_lock);
+ if (hints) kfree(hints);

if (is_bad_inode(inode))
return;
@@ -1011,6 +1022,8 @@ static int fat_read_root(struct inode *i
struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
int error;

+ init_MUTEX(&(MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_lock);
+ MSDOS_I(inode)->scan_hints = 0;
MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
inode->i_uid = sbi->options.fs_uid;
inode->i_gid = sbi->options.fs_gid;
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