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SubjectRe: [PATCH] removes filp_count_lock and changes nr_files type to atomic_t
On Thu, Aug 25, 2005 at 05:13:05PM +0200, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> Nick Piggin a écrit :
>
> >OK, well I would prefer you do the proper atomic operations throughout
> >where it "really matters" in file_table.c, and do your lazy synchronize
> >with just the sysctl exported value.
> >
>
> But... I got complains about atomic_read(&counter) being 'an atomic op'
> (untrue), so my second patch just doesnt touch the path where nr_files was
> read.
>

Here is a patch that I had done some time ago that uses atomic_t,
yet retains the sysctl handler. Eric, you earlier patch is incorrect
exactly for that reason.

One other thing - the claim that it removes filp_count_lock
from fast path is bogus. The slab constructor/destructors are
called only when we return the free file structs to the page
allocator. That we don't do very often and therefore we
don't acquire the lock - atleast not for every filp open
and close.

This is not to say we don't want a better reference counter like
a per-cpu counter, but there is some difficult stuff there and
the returns need to justify that. I would appreciate if you
or anyone can demonstrate this to be a problem.

The patch below was meant for debugging some suspected problems
with -mm.

Thanks
Dipankar



This patch changes the file counting by removing the filp_count_lock.
Instead we use a separate atomic_t, nr_files, for now and all
accesses to it are through get_nr_files() api. In the sysctl
handler for nr_files, we populate files_stat.nr_files before returning
to user.

Counting files as an when they are created and destroyed (as opposed
to inside slab) allows us to correctly count open files with RCU.

Signed-off-by: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com>
---


fs/dcache.c | 2 -
fs/file_table.c | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_linux.h | 3 +
include/linux/file.h | 2 -
include/linux/fs.h | 2 +
kernel/sysctl.c | 5 ++-
net/unix/af_unix.c | 2 -
7 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff -puN fs/file_table.c~files-scale-file-counting fs/file_table.c
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/fs/file_table.c~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 12:24:27.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/fs/file_table.c 2005-08-09 16:42:27.000000000 +0530
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
* Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu)
*/

+#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
@@ -18,52 +19,67 @@
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/sysctl.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>

/* sysctl tunables... */
struct files_stat_struct files_stat = {
.max_files = NR_FILE
};

-EXPORT_SYMBOL(files_stat); /* Needed by unix.o */
-
/* public. Not pretty! */
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(files_lock);

-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(filp_count_lock);
+static atomic_t nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;

-/* slab constructors and destructors are called from arbitrary
- * context and must be fully threaded - use a local spinlock
- * to protect files_stat.nr_files
- */
-void filp_ctor(void * objp, struct kmem_cache_s *cachep, unsigned long cflags)
+static inline void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
{
- if ((cflags & (SLAB_CTOR_VERIFY|SLAB_CTOR_CONSTRUCTOR)) ==
- SLAB_CTOR_CONSTRUCTOR) {
- unsigned long flags;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&filp_count_lock, flags);
- files_stat.nr_files++;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&filp_count_lock, flags);
- }
+ struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_rcuhead);
+ kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f);
}

-void filp_dtor(void * objp, struct kmem_cache_s *cachep, unsigned long dflags)
+static inline void file_free(struct file *f)
{
- unsigned long flags;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&filp_count_lock, flags);
- files_stat.nr_files--;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&filp_count_lock, flags);
+ atomic_dec(&nr_files);
+ call_rcu(&f->f_rcuhead, file_free_rcu);
}

-static inline void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
+/*
+ * Return the total number of open files in the system
+ */
+int get_nr_files(void)
{
- struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_rcuhead);
- kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f);
+ return atomic_read(&nr_files);
}

-static inline void file_free(struct file *f)
+/*
+ * Return the maximum number of open files in the system
+ */
+int get_max_files(void)
{
- call_rcu(&f->f_rcuhead, file_free_rcu);
+ return files_stat.max_files;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_nr_files);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_max_files);
+
+/*
+ * Handle nr_files sysctl
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS)
+int proc_nr_files(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files();
+ proc_dointvec(table, write, filp, buffer, lenp, ppos);
+}
+#else
+int proc_nr_files(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return -ENOSYS;
}
+#endif

/* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it.
* Returns NULL, if there are no more free file structures or
@@ -77,7 +93,7 @@ struct file *get_empty_filp(void)
/*
* Privileged users can go above max_files
*/
- if (files_stat.nr_files >= files_stat.max_files &&
+ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
goto over;

@@ -97,11 +113,12 @@ struct file *get_empty_filp(void)
/* f->f_version: 0 */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&f->f_list);
f->f_maxcount = INT_MAX;
+ atomic_inc(&nr_files);
return f;

over:
/* Ran out of filps - report that */
- if (files_stat.nr_files > old_max) {
+ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) {
printk(KERN_INFO "VFS: file-max limit %d reached\n",
files_stat.max_files);
old_max = files_stat.nr_files;
diff -puN include/linux/fs.h~files-scale-file-counting include/linux/fs.h
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/include/linux/fs.h~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 15:52:14.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/include/linux/fs.h 2005-08-09 16:59:05.000000000 +0530
@@ -36,6 +36,8 @@ struct files_stat_struct {
int max_files; /* tunable */
};
extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat;
+extern int get_nr_files(void);
+extern int get_max_files(void);

struct inodes_stat_t {
int nr_inodes;
diff -puN fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_linux.h~files-scale-file-counting fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_linux.h
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_linux.h~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 15:58:51.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_linux.h 2005-08-09 15:59:36.000000000 +0530
@@ -88,6 +88,7 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>

#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>
@@ -241,7 +242,7 @@ static inline void set_buffer_unwritten_

/* IRIX uses the current size of the name cache to guess a good value */
/* - this isn't the same but is a good enough starting point for now. */
-#define DQUOT_HASH_HEURISTIC files_stat.nr_files
+#define DQUOT_HASH_HEURISTIC get_nr_files()

/* IRIX inodes maintain the project ID also, zero this field on Linux */
#define DEFAULT_PROJID 0
diff -puN net/unix/af_unix.c~files-scale-file-counting net/unix/af_unix.c
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/net/unix/af_unix.c~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 15:59:57.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/net/unix/af_unix.c 2005-08-09 16:00:26.000000000 +0530
@@ -547,7 +547,7 @@ static struct sock * unix_create1(struct
struct sock *sk = NULL;
struct unix_sock *u;

- if (atomic_read(&unix_nr_socks) >= 2*files_stat.max_files)
+ if (atomic_read(&unix_nr_socks) >= 2*get_max_files())
goto out;

sk = sk_alloc(PF_UNIX, GFP_KERNEL, &unix_proto, 1);
diff -puN fs/dcache.c~files-scale-file-counting fs/dcache.c
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/fs/dcache.c~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 16:00:50.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/fs/dcache.c 2005-08-09 16:01:28.000000000 +0530
@@ -1895,7 +1895,7 @@ void __init vfs_caches_init(unsigned lon
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);

filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0,
- SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, filp_ctor, filp_dtor);
+ SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);

dcache_init(mempages);
inode_init(mempages);
diff -puN include/linux/file.h~files-scale-file-counting include/linux/file.h
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/include/linux/file.h~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 16:06:46.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/include/linux/file.h 2005-08-09 16:07:33.000000000 +0530
@@ -60,8 +60,6 @@ extern void put_filp(struct file *);
extern int get_unused_fd(void);
extern void FASTCALL(put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd));
struct kmem_cache_s;
-extern void filp_ctor(void * objp, struct kmem_cache_s *cachep, unsigned long cflags);
-extern void filp_dtor(void * objp, struct kmem_cache_s *cachep, unsigned long dflags);

extern struct file ** alloc_fd_array(int);
extern void free_fd_array(struct file **, int);
diff -puN kernel/sysctl.c~files-scale-file-counting kernel/sysctl.c
--- linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes/kernel/sysctl.c~files-scale-file-counting 2005-08-09 16:21:27.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc3-mm3-fixes-dipankar/kernel/sysctl.c 2005-08-09 16:26:16.000000000 +0530
@@ -49,6 +49,9 @@
#include <linux/nfs_fs.h>
#endif

+extern int proc_nr_files(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos);
+
#if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL)

/* External variables not in a header file. */
@@ -881,7 +884,7 @@ static ctl_table fs_table[] = {
.data = &files_stat,
.maxlen = 3*sizeof(int),
.mode = 0444,
- .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_nr_files,
},
{
.ctl_name = FS_MAXFILE,
_
-
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