[lkml]   [2005]   [Aug]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
It has been pointed out to me that ia64 doesn't boot
with CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y. The issue is the call to
sched_clock() ... which on ia64 accesses some per-cpu
data to adjust for possible variations in processor
speed between different cpus. Since the per-cpu page
is not set up for the first few printk() calls, we die.

Is this an issue on any other architecture? Most versions
of sched_clock() seem to just scale jiffies into nanoseconds,
so I guess they don't. s390, sparc64, x86 and x86_64 all
have more sophisticated versions but they don't appear to me
to have limitations on how early they might be called.

Possible solutions:

1) Fix ia64 version of sched_clock() to check whether
the per-cpu page hase been initialized before using it.

I don't like this solution as it will make sched_clock()
slower for its primary uses in kernel/sched.c ... none of
which can be called before the per-cpu area is initialized.

2) Add some test to the printk() path along the lines of:

t = (can_call_sched_clock) ? sched_clock() : 0;

This is somewhat ugly ... perhaps too unpleasant for words in
that can_call_sched_clock is a per-cpu concept!

3) Make the printk() code get the time in some other way.

Using sched_clock() here seems wrong. The ia64 version
has a big fat comment about not comparing the results of
two calls from different cpus ... but since printk() calls
can come from any cpu ... it seems likely that a user who
turns on PRINTK_TIME might subtract timestamps from two
lines to see how long it was between the messages. This
could have significant error on a system that has been up
for a long time.

But I don't have a better suggestion from existing code. I
assume that sched_clock() was picked as it is both fast and


To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

 \ /
  Last update: 2005-08-18 20:49    [W:0.199 / U:0.076 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site