lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2005]   [Jun]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[PATCH 3/6] new timeofday i386 arch specific changes, part 2 for -mm (v.B3)
From
Date
Andrew, All,
To hopefully improve the review-ability of my changes, I've split up my
arch-i386 patch into four chunks. This patch is a cleanup patch for the
i386 arch in preparation of moving the the new timeofday infrastructure.
It moves some code from timer_tsc.c to a new tsc.c file.

It applies on top of my timeofday-arch-i386-part1_B3 patch. This patch
is part the timeofday-arch-i386 patchset, so without the following parts
it is not expected to compile.

Andrew, please consider for inclusion for testing into your tree.

thanks
-john

Signed-off-by: John Stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>

linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1_timeofday-arch-i386-part2_B3.patch
=======================================================
diff -ruN linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile 2005-06-17 18:52:02.090991765 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile 2005-06-17 18:35:08.000000000 -0700
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@
obj-y := process.o semaphore.o signal.o entry.o traps.o irq.o vm86.o \
ptrace.o time.o ioport.o ldt.o setup.o i8259.o sys_i386.o \
pci-dma.o i386_ksyms.o i387.o dmi_scan.o bootflag.o \
- doublefault.o quirks.o
+ doublefault.o quirks.o tsc.o

obj-y += cpu/
obj-y += timers/
diff -ruN linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c
--- linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c 2005-06-17 18:52:02.091991641 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c 2005-06-17 18:35:08.000000000 -0700
@@ -14,66 +14,6 @@

#include "mach_timer.h"

-/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
- * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
- * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
- * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
- * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
- * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
- * device.
- */
-
-#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
-
-unsigned long calibrate_tsc(void)
-{
- mach_prepare_counter();
-
- {
- unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
- unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
- unsigned long count;
-
- rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
- mach_countup(&count);
- rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
-
-
- /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
- if (count <= 1)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
- __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
- "sbbl %3,%1"
- :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
- :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
- "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
-
- /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
- if (endhigh)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
- if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- __asm__("divl %2"
- :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
- :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
-
- return endlow;
- }
-
- /*
- * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
- * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
- * 32 bits..
- */
-bad_ctc:
- return 0;
-}
-
#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
/* ------ Calibrate the TSC using HPET -------
* Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for getting the CPU freq.
@@ -148,24 +88,3 @@
}


-/* calculate cpu_khz */
-void init_cpu_khz(void)
-{
- if (cpu_has_tsc) {
- unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
- if (tsc_quotient) {
- /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
- * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
- * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
- */
- { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
- __asm__("divl %2"
- :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
- :"r" (tsc_quotient),
- "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
- printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
- }
- }
- }
-}
-
diff -ruN linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer.c linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer.c
--- linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer.c 2005-06-17 15:56:25.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer.c 2005-06-17 18:52:43.243878067 -0700
@@ -64,12 +64,3 @@
panic("select_timer: Cannot find a suitable timer\n");
return NULL;
}
-
-int read_current_timer(unsigned long *timer_val)
-{
- if (cur_timer->read_timer) {
- *timer_val = cur_timer->read_timer();
- return 0;
- }
- return -1;
-}
diff -ruN linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer_tsc.c linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer_tsc.c
--- linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer_tsc.c 2005-06-17 18:52:02.096991020 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/timers/timer_tsc.c 2005-06-17 18:36:48.000000000 -0700
@@ -31,10 +31,6 @@
static struct timer_opts timer_tsc;
#endif

-static inline void cpufreq_delayed_get(void);
-
-int tsc_disable __devinitdata = 0;
-
extern spinlock_t i8253_lock;

static int use_tsc;
@@ -46,34 +42,6 @@
static unsigned long long monotonic_base;
static seqlock_t monotonic_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;

-/* convert from cycles(64bits) => nanoseconds (64bits)
- * basic equation:
- * ns = cycles / (freq / ns_per_sec)
- * ns = cycles * (ns_per_sec / freq)
- * ns = cycles * (10^9 / (cpu_mhz * 10^6))
- * ns = cycles * (10^3 / cpu_mhz)
- *
- * Then we use scaling math (suggested by george@mvista.com) to get:
- * ns = cycles * (10^3 * SC / cpu_mhz) / SC
- * ns = cycles * cyc2ns_scale / SC
- *
- * And since SC is a constant power of two, we can convert the div
- * into a shift.
- * -johnstul@us.ibm.com "math is hard, lets go shopping!"
- */
-static unsigned long cyc2ns_scale;
-#define CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR 10 /* 2^10, carefully chosen */
-
-static inline void set_cyc2ns_scale(unsigned long cpu_mhz)
-{
- cyc2ns_scale = (1000 << CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR)/cpu_mhz;
-}
-
-static inline unsigned long long cycles_2_ns(unsigned long long cyc)
-{
- return (cyc * cyc2ns_scale) >> CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR;
-}
-
static int count2; /* counter for mark_offset_tsc() */

/* Cached *multiplier* to convert TSC counts to microseconds.
@@ -131,29 +99,6 @@
return base + cycles_2_ns(this_offset - last_offset);
}

-/*
- * Scheduler clock - returns current time in nanosec units.
- */
-unsigned long long sched_clock(void)
-{
- unsigned long long this_offset;
-
- /*
- * In the NUMA case we dont use the TSC as they are not
- * synchronized across all CPUs.
- */
-#ifndef CONFIG_NUMA
- if (!use_tsc)
-#endif
- /* no locking but a rare wrong value is not a big deal */
- return jiffies_64 * (1000000000 / HZ);
-
- /* Read the Time Stamp Counter */
- rdtscll(this_offset);
-
- /* return the value in ns */
- return cycles_2_ns(this_offset);
-}

static void delay_tsc(unsigned long loops)
{
@@ -218,128 +163,6 @@
#endif


-#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ
-#include <linux/workqueue.h>
-
-static unsigned int cpufreq_delayed_issched = 0;
-static unsigned int cpufreq_init = 0;
-static struct work_struct cpufreq_delayed_get_work;
-
-static void handle_cpufreq_delayed_get(void *v)
-{
- unsigned int cpu;
- for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
- cpufreq_get(cpu);
- }
- cpufreq_delayed_issched = 0;
-}
-
-/* if we notice lost ticks, schedule a call to cpufreq_get() as it tries
- * to verify the CPU frequency the timing core thinks the CPU is running
- * at is still correct.
- */
-static inline void cpufreq_delayed_get(void)
-{
- if (cpufreq_init && !cpufreq_delayed_issched) {
- cpufreq_delayed_issched = 1;
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "Losing some ticks... checking if CPU frequency changed.\n");
- schedule_work(&cpufreq_delayed_get_work);
- }
-}
-
-/* If the CPU frequency is scaled, TSC-based delays will need a different
- * loops_per_jiffy value to function properly.
- */
-
-static unsigned int ref_freq = 0;
-static unsigned long loops_per_jiffy_ref = 0;
-
-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
-static unsigned long fast_gettimeoffset_ref = 0;
-static unsigned long cpu_khz_ref = 0;
-#endif
-
-static int
-time_cpufreq_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val,
- void *data)
-{
- struct cpufreq_freqs *freq = data;
-
- if (val != CPUFREQ_RESUMECHANGE)
- write_seqlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
- if (!ref_freq) {
- ref_freq = freq->old;
- loops_per_jiffy_ref = cpu_data[freq->cpu].loops_per_jiffy;
-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
- fast_gettimeoffset_ref = fast_gettimeoffset_quotient;
- cpu_khz_ref = cpu_khz;
-#endif
- }
-
- if ((val == CPUFREQ_PRECHANGE && freq->old < freq->new) ||
- (val == CPUFREQ_POSTCHANGE && freq->old > freq->new) ||
- (val == CPUFREQ_RESUMECHANGE)) {
- if (!(freq->flags & CPUFREQ_CONST_LOOPS))
- cpu_data[freq->cpu].loops_per_jiffy = cpufreq_scale(loops_per_jiffy_ref, ref_freq, freq->new);
-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
- if (cpu_khz)
- cpu_khz = cpufreq_scale(cpu_khz_ref, ref_freq, freq->new);
- if (use_tsc) {
- if (!(freq->flags & CPUFREQ_CONST_LOOPS)) {
- fast_gettimeoffset_quotient = cpufreq_scale(fast_gettimeoffset_ref, freq->new, ref_freq);
- set_cyc2ns_scale(cpu_khz/1000);
- }
- }
-#endif
- }
-
- if (val != CPUFREQ_RESUMECHANGE)
- write_sequnlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-static struct notifier_block time_cpufreq_notifier_block = {
- .notifier_call = time_cpufreq_notifier
-};
-
-
-static int __init cpufreq_tsc(void)
-{
- int ret;
- INIT_WORK(&cpufreq_delayed_get_work, handle_cpufreq_delayed_get, NULL);
- ret = cpufreq_register_notifier(&time_cpufreq_notifier_block,
- CPUFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
- if (!ret)
- cpufreq_init = 1;
- return ret;
-}
-core_initcall(cpufreq_tsc);
-
-#else /* CONFIG_CPU_FREQ */
-static inline void cpufreq_delayed_get(void) { return; }
-#endif
-
-int recalibrate_cpu_khz(void)
-{
-#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
- unsigned long cpu_khz_old = cpu_khz;
-
- if (cpu_has_tsc) {
- init_cpu_khz();
- cpu_data[0].loops_per_jiffy =
- cpufreq_scale(cpu_data[0].loops_per_jiffy,
- cpu_khz_old,
- cpu_khz);
- return 0;
- } else
- return -ENODEV;
-#else
- return -ENODEV;
-#endif
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(recalibrate_cpu_khz);
-
static void mark_offset_tsc(void)
{
unsigned long lost,delay;
@@ -543,24 +366,6 @@
return -ENODEV;
}

-#ifndef CONFIG_X86_TSC
-/* disable flag for tsc. Takes effect by clearing the TSC cpu flag
- * in cpu/common.c */
-static int __init tsc_setup(char *str)
-{
- tsc_disable = 1;
- return 1;
-}
-#else
-static int __init tsc_setup(char *str)
-{
- printk(KERN_WARNING "notsc: Kernel compiled with CONFIG_X86_TSC, "
- "cannot disable TSC.\n");
- return 1;
-}
-#endif
-__setup("notsc", tsc_setup);
-


/************************************************************/
diff -ruN linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/tsc.c linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/tsc.c
--- linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1/arch/i386/kernel/tsc.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.12-rc6-mm1-tod/arch/i386/kernel/tsc.c 2005-06-17 18:52:39.975284226 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,298 @@
+/*
+ * This code largely moved from arch/i386/kernel/timer/timer_tsc.c
+ * which was originally moved from arch/i386/kernel/time.c.
+ * See comments there for proper credits.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include "mach_timer.h"
+
+int tsc_disable __initdata = 0;
+#ifndef CONFIG_X86_TSC
+/* disable flag for tsc. Takes effect by clearing the TSC cpu flag
+ * in cpu/common.c */
+static int __init tsc_setup(char *str)
+{
+ tsc_disable = 1;
+ return 1;
+}
+#else
+static int __init tsc_setup(char *str)
+{
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "notsc: Kernel compiled with CONFIG_X86_TSC, "
+ "cannot disable TSC.\n");
+ return 1;
+}
+#endif
+__setup("notsc", tsc_setup);
+
+
+int read_current_timer(unsigned long *timer_val)
+{
+ if (cur_timer->read_timer) {
+ *timer_val = cur_timer->read_timer();
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+
+/* convert from cycles(64bits) => nanoseconds (64bits)
+ * basic equation:
+ * ns = cycles / (freq / ns_per_sec)
+ * ns = cycles * (ns_per_sec / freq)
+ * ns = cycles * (10^9 / (cpu_mhz * 10^6))
+ * ns = cycles * (10^3 / cpu_mhz)
+ *
+ * Then we use scaling math (suggested by george@mvista.com) to get:
+ * ns = cycles * (10^3 * SC / cpu_mhz) / SC
+ * ns = cycles * cyc2ns_scale / SC
+ *
+ * And since SC is a constant power of two, we can convert the div
+ * into a shift.
+ * -johnstul@us.ibm.com "math is hard, lets go shopping!"
+ */
+static unsigned long cyc2ns_scale;
+#define CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR 10 /* 2^10, carefully chosen */
+
+static inline void set_cyc2ns_scale(unsigned long cpu_mhz)
+{
+ cyc2ns_scale = (1000 << CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR)/cpu_mhz;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long long cycles_2_ns(unsigned long long cyc)
+{
+ return (cyc * cyc2ns_scale) >> CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Scheduler clock - returns current time in nanosec units.
+ */
+unsigned long long sched_clock(void)
+{
+ unsigned long long this_offset;
+
+ /*
+ * In the NUMA case we dont use the TSC as they are not
+ * synchronized across all CPUs.
+ */
+#ifndef CONFIG_NUMA
+ if (!use_tsc)
+#endif
+ /* no locking but a rare wrong value is not a big deal */
+ return jiffies_64 * (1000000000 / HZ);
+
+ /* Read the Time Stamp Counter */
+ rdtscll(this_offset);
+
+ /* return the value in ns */
+ return cycles_2_ns(this_offset);
+}
+
+/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
+ * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
+ * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
+ * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
+ * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
+ * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
+ * device.
+ */
+
+#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
+
+unsigned long calibrate_tsc(void)
+{
+ mach_prepare_counter();
+
+ {
+ unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
+ unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
+ unsigned long count;
+
+ rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
+ mach_countup(&count);
+ rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
+
+
+ /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
+ if (count <= 1)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
+ __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
+ "sbbl %3,%1"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
+ "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
+ if (endhigh)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
+ if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
+
+ return endlow;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
+ * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
+ * 32 bits..
+ */
+bad_ctc:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int recalibrate_cpu_khz(void)
+{
+#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+ unsigned long cpu_khz_old = cpu_khz;
+
+ if (cpu_has_tsc) {
+ init_cpu_khz();
+ cpu_data[0].loops_per_jiffy =
+ cpufreq_scale(cpu_data[0].loops_per_jiffy,
+ cpu_khz_old,
+ cpu_khz);
+ return 0;
+ } else
+ return -ENODEV;
+#else
+ return -ENODEV;
+#endif
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(recalibrate_cpu_khz);
+
+
+/* calculate cpu_khz */
+void init_cpu_khz(void)
+{
+ if (cpu_has_tsc) {
+ unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
+ if (tsc_quotient) {
+ /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
+ * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
+ * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
+ */
+ { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
+ :"r" (tsc_quotient),
+ "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
+ printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+static unsigned int cpufreq_delayed_issched = 0;
+static unsigned int cpufreq_init = 0;
+static struct work_struct cpufreq_delayed_get_work;
+
+static void handle_cpufreq_delayed_get(void *v)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu;
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ cpufreq_get(cpu);
+ }
+ cpufreq_delayed_issched = 0;
+}
+
+/* if we notice lost ticks, schedule a call to cpufreq_get() as it tries
+ * to verify the CPU frequency the timing core thinks the CPU is running
+ * at is still correct.
+ */
+void cpufreq_delayed_get(void)
+{
+ if (cpufreq_init && !cpufreq_delayed_issched) {
+ cpufreq_delayed_issched = 1;
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "Losing some ticks... checking if CPU frequency changed.\n");
+ schedule_work(&cpufreq_delayed_get_work);
+ }
+}
+
+/* If the CPU frequency is scaled, TSC-based delays will need a different
+ * loops_per_jiffy value to function properly.
+ */
+
+static unsigned int ref_freq = 0;
+static unsigned long loops_per_jiffy_ref = 0;
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+static unsigned long fast_gettimeoffset_ref = 0;
+static unsigned long cpu_khz_ref = 0;
+#endif
+
+static int
+time_cpufreq_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val,
+ void *data)
+{
+ struct cpufreq_freqs *freq = data;
+
+ if (val != CPUFREQ_RESUMECHANGE)
+ write_seqlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
+ if (!ref_freq) {
+ ref_freq = freq->old;
+ loops_per_jiffy_ref = cpu_data[freq->cpu].loops_per_jiffy;
+#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+ fast_gettimeoffset_ref = fast_gettimeoffset_quotient;
+ cpu_khz_ref = cpu_khz;
+#endif
+ }
+
+ if ((val == CPUFREQ_PRECHANGE && freq->old < freq->new) ||
+ (val == CPUFREQ_POSTCHANGE && freq->old > freq->new) ||
+ (val == CPUFREQ_RESUMECHANGE)) {
+ if (!(freq->flags & CPUFREQ_CONST_LOOPS))
+ cpu_data[freq->cpu].loops_per_jiffy = cpufreq_scale(loops_per_jiffy_ref, ref_freq, freq->new);
+#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
+ if (cpu_khz)
+ cpu_khz = cpufreq_scale(cpu_khz_ref, ref_freq, freq->new);
+ if (use_tsc) {
+ if (!(freq->flags & CPUFREQ_CONST_LOOPS)) {
+ fast_gettimeoffset_quotient = cpufreq_scale(fast_gettimeoffset_ref, freq->new, ref_freq);
+ set_cyc2ns_scale(cpu_khz/1000);
+ }
+ }
+#endif
+ }
+
+ if (val != CPUFREQ_RESUMECHANGE)
+ write_sequnlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block time_cpufreq_notifier_block = {
+ .notifier_call = time_cpufreq_notifier
+};
+
+
+static int __init cpufreq_tsc(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+ INIT_WORK(&cpufreq_delayed_get_work, handle_cpufreq_delayed_get, NULL);
+ ret = cpufreq_register_notifier(&time_cpufreq_notifier_block,
+ CPUFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
+ if (!ret)
+ cpufreq_init = 1;
+ return ret;
+}
+core_initcall(cpufreq_tsc);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_CPU_FREQ */
+void cpufreq_delayed_get(void) { return; }
+#endif

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-06-18 05:11    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site