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    SubjectRe: [RFC] x86-64: Use SSE for copy_page and clear_page
    On Monday 30 May 2005 22:32, Andi Kleen wrote:
    > On Mon, May 30, 2005 at 12:11:23PM -0700, dean gaudet wrote:
    > > On Mon, 30 May 2005, dean gaudet wrote:
    > >
    > > > On Mon, 30 May 2005, Benjamin LaHaise wrote:
    > > >
    > > > > Below is a patch that uses 128 bit SSE instructions for copy_page and
    > > > > clear_page. This is an improvement on P4 systems as can be seen by
    > > > > running the test program at to get
    > > > > results like:
    > > >
    > > > it looks like the patch uses SSE2 instructions (pxor, movdqa, movntdq)...
    > > > if you use xorps, movaps, movntps then it works on SSE processors as well.
    > >
    > > oh and btw... on x86-64 you might want to look at using movnti with 64-bit
    > > registers... the memory datapath on these processors is actually 64-bits
    > > wide, and the 128-bit stores are broken into two 64-bit pieces internally
    > > anyhow. the advantage of using movnti over movntdq/movntps is that you
    > > don't have to save/restore the xmm register set.

    And if (more like 'when', actually) next AMD CPU will have 2x128bit bus
    instead of 2x64bit? Revert back to XMM?

    > Any use of write combining for copy_page/clear_page is a bad idea.
    > The problem is that write combining always forces the destination
    > out of cache. While it gives you better microbenchmarks your real workloads
    > suffer because they eat lot more additional cache misses when
    > accessing the fresh pages.
    > Don't go down that path please.

    I doubt it unless real-world data will back your claim up.

    I did microbenchmarking. You said it looks good in microbench but
    hurts real-world.

    Sometime after that I made a patch which allows for switching
    clear/copy routines on the fly, and played a bit with real-world tests.


    In short, I ran forking test programs which excercise clearing and copying
    routines in kernel. I wasn't able to find a usage pattern where page copying
    using SSE non-temporal stores is a loss. Page clear was demonstrably worse,
    no argument about that.

    If you know such usage pattern, I'd like to test it.

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