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Subject[doc][git] playing with git, and netdev/libata-dev trees

Hopefully, this email can quick-start some people on git.

One of the things Linus's new 'git' tool allows me to do is make public
the 50+ repositories that were previously only available on my local
workstation. This should make it a lot easier for developers to see
precisely what I have merged, and makes generating follow-up patches a
whole lot easier.

When I merge a patch for drivers/net/forcedeth.c, I merge it into a
brand new 'forcedeth' repository, a peer to the 40+ other such
repository. Under BitKeeper, I made these repositories available merged
together into one big "netdev-2.6" repository because it was too time
consuming to make the individual 50+ trees publicly available. With
git, developers have direct access to the individual trees.

I thought I would write up a quick guide describing how to mess around
with the netdev and libata-dev trees, and with git in general.


1) installing git

git requires bootstrapping, since you must have git installed in order
to check out git.git (git repo), and linux-2.6.git (kernel repo). I
have put together a bootstrap tarball of today's git repository.

Download tarball from:
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/jgarzik/git-20050526.tar.bz2

tarball build-deps: zlib, libcurl

install tarball: unpack && make && sudo make prefix=/usr/local install

jgarzik helper scripts, not in official git distribution:
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/jgarzik/git-switch-tree
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/jgarzik/git-new-branch
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/jgarzik/git-changes-script

After reading the rest of this document, come back and update your copy
of git to the latest:
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/git.git


2) download a linux kernel tree for the very first time

mkdir -p linux-2.6/.git
cd linux-2.6
rsync -a --delete --verbose --stats --progress \
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git/
\ <- word-wrapped backslash; sigh
.git/


3) download latest changes to on-disk local tree

cd linux-2.6
git-pull-script \
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git


4) check out files from the git repository into the working directory

cd linux-2.6
git-read-tree -m HEAD && git-checkout-cache -q -f -u -a


5) check in your own modifications (e.g. apply a patch)

# go to repo
cd linux-2.6

# make some modifications
patch -sp1 < /tmp/my.patch
diffstat -p1 < /tmp/my.patch
# NOTE: add '--add' and/or '--remove' if files were added or removed
git-update-cache <list of all files changed>

# commit changes
GIT_AUTHOR_NAME="John Doe" \
GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL="jdoe@foo.com" \
GIT_COMMITTER_NAME="Jeff Garzik" \
GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL="jgarzik@pobox.com" \
git-commit-tree `git-write-tree` \
-p $(cat .git/HEAD ) \
< changelog.txt \
> .git/HEAD

6) List all changes in working dir, in diff format.

git-diff-cache -p HEAD


7) List all changesets (i.e. show each cset's description text) in local
tree that are not present in remote tree.

cd my-kernel-tree-2.6
git-changes-script -L ../linux-2.6 | less

8) List all changesets:

git-whatchanged


9) apply all patches in a Berkeley mbox-format file

First, download and add to your PATH Linus's git tools:
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/git-tools.git

cd my-kernel-tree-2.6
dotest /path/to/mbox # yes, Linus has no taste in naming useful scripts


10) don't forget to download tags from time to time.

git-pull-script only downloads sha1-indexed object data, and the
requested remote head. This misses updates to the .git/refs/tags/ and
.git/refs/heads directories. It is advisable to update your kernel .git
directories periodically with a full rsync command, to make sure you got
everything:

cd linux-2.6
rsync -a --delete --verbose --stats --progress \
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git/
\ <- word-wrapped backslash; sigh
.git/


11) [jg-specific] list all branches found in netdev-2.6 or libata-dev trees.

Download
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jgarzik/netdev-2.6.git
or
rsync://rsync.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jgarzik/libata-dev.git


cd netdev-2.6
ls .git/refs/heads/

{ these are the current netdev-2.6 branches }
> 8139cp forcedeth master qeth smc91x we18
> 8139too-iomap for-linus natsemi r8169 smc91x-eeprom wifi
> airo hdlc ns83820 register-netdev starfire
> atmel ieee80211 orinoco remove-drivers tlan
> chelsio iff-running orinoco-hch sis900 veth
> dm9000 janitor ppp skge viro


12) [jg-specific] make desired branch current in working directory

git-switch-tree $branch


13) [jg-specific] create a new branch, and make it current

git-new-branch $branch


14) [jg-specific] examine which branch is current

ls -l .git/HEAD


15) undo all local modifications (same as checkout):

git-read-tree -m HEAD && git-checkout-cache -q -f -u -a



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