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SubjectRe: [PATCH] VGA arbitration: draft of kernel side
This very similar to the reset support patch I have been working on.

In the reset patch there is a 'vga' attribute on each VGA device. Set
it to 0/1 to make the device active. This lets you move the console
around betweem VGA devices.

You can also set it to 3, which disables all VGA devices but remembers
the active one. Setting it to 4 disables all VGA devices then restores
the active one. To use, set it to 3, post, set it to 4.

GregKH wants this code out of the pci directory but it needs hooks
into pci_destroy_dev() to delete the arbiter. You also need a hook on
add for when a hotplug device appears.

I'll try merging my sysfs support into your code.

--
Jon Smirl
jonsmirl@gmail.com
diff -Nru a/arch/i386/pci/fixup.c b/arch/i386/pci/fixup.c
--- a/arch/i386/pci/fixup.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/arch/i386/pci/fixup.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -375,6 +375,6 @@
}
bus = bus->parent;
}
- pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags |= IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW;
+ pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags |= IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW | IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE;
}
DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, pci_fixup_video);
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/Kconfig b/drivers/pci/Kconfig
--- a/drivers/pci/Kconfig 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/drivers/pci/Kconfig 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -47,3 +47,13 @@

When in doubt, say Y.

+config VGA_CONTROL
+ bool "VGA Control"
+ depends on PCI
+ ---help---
+ Provides sysfs attributes for ensuring that only a single VGA
+ device can be enabled per PCI domain. If a VGA device is removed
+ via hotplug, display is routed to another VGA device if available.
+
+ If you have more than one VGA device, say Y.
+
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/Makefile b/drivers/pci/Makefile
--- a/drivers/pci/Makefile 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/drivers/pci/Makefile 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_MIPS) += setup-bus.o setup-irq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_VISWS) += setup-irq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_MSI) += msi.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VGA_CONTROL) += vga.o

#
# ACPI Related PCI FW Functions
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/bus.c b/drivers/pci/bus.c
--- a/drivers/pci/bus.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/drivers/pci/bus.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -85,6 +85,9 @@

pci_proc_attach_device(dev);
pci_create_sysfs_dev_files(dev);
+#if CONFIG_VGA_CONTROL
+ pci_vga_add_device(dev);
+#endif
}

/**
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/pci.h b/drivers/pci/pci.h
--- a/drivers/pci/pci.h 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci.h 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -11,6 +11,8 @@
void (*alignf)(void *, struct resource *,
unsigned long, unsigned long),
void *alignf_data);
+extern int pci_vga_add_device(struct pci_dev *pdev);
+extern int pci_vga_remove_device(struct pci_dev *pdev);
/* PCI /proc functions */
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
extern int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/remove.c b/drivers/pci/remove.c
--- a/drivers/pci/remove.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/drivers/pci/remove.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -26,6 +26,9 @@

static void pci_destroy_dev(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
+#if CONFIG_VGA_CONTROL
+ pci_vga_remove_device(dev);
+#endif
pci_proc_detach_device(dev);
pci_remove_sysfs_dev_files(dev);
device_unregister(&dev->dev);
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
--- a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -64,7 +64,9 @@

if (class == PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA ||
class == PCI_CLASS_NOT_DEFINED_VGA)
- bus->bridge_ctl |= PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA;
+ /* only route to the active VGA, ignore inactive ones */
+ if (dev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags & IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE)
+ bus->bridge_ctl |= PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA;

pdev_sort_resources(dev, &head);
}
diff -Nru a/drivers/pci/vga.c b/drivers/pci/vga.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 196900
+++ b/drivers/pci/vga.c 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -0,0 +1,254 @@
+/*
+ * linux/drivers/pci/vga.c
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright 2004 Jon Smirl <jonsmirl@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * VGA control logic for ensuring only a single enabled VGA device
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/major.h>
+
+static int vga_initialized = 0;
+static struct pci_dev *vga_active = NULL;
+
+static void bridge_yes(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *bridge;
+ struct pci_bus *bus;
+
+ /* Make sure the bridges route to us */
+ bus = pdev->bus;
+ while (bus) {
+ bridge = bus->self;
+ if (bridge) {
+ bus->bridge_ctl |= PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA;
+ pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_BRIDGE_CONTROL, bus->bridge_ctl);
+ }
+ bus = bus->parent;
+ }
+}
+
+static void bridge_no(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *bridge;
+ struct pci_bus *bus;
+
+ /* Make sure the bridges don't route to us */
+ bus = pdev->bus;
+ while (bus) {
+ bridge = bus->self;
+ if (bridge) {
+ bus->bridge_ctl &= ~PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA;
+ pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_BRIDGE_CONTROL, bus->bridge_ctl);
+ }
+ bus = bus->parent;
+ }
+}
+
+static void vga_enable(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int enable)
+{
+ u16 command;
+
+ bridge_yes(pdev);
+
+ if (enable) {
+ pci_enable_device(pdev);
+ /* this assumes all other potential VGA devices are disabled */
+ outb(0x01 | inb(0x3C3), 0x3C3); /* 0 - enable */
+ outb(0x08 | inb(0x46e8), 0x46e8);
+ outb(0x01 | inb(0x102), 0x102);
+ pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags |= IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE;
+ vga_active = pdev;
+
+ /* return and leave the card enabled */
+ return;
+ }
+
+ pci_read_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, &command);
+ pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, command | PCI_COMMAND_IO | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY);
+
+ outb(~0x01 & inb(0x3C3), 0x3C3);
+ outb(~0x08 & inb(0x46e8), 0x46e8);
+ outb(~0x01 & inb(0x102), 0x102);
+ pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags &= ~IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE;
+ if (pdev == vga_active)
+ vga_active = NULL;
+ bridge_no(pdev);
+
+ pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, command);
+}
+
+/* echo these values to the sysfs vga attribute on a VGA device */
+enum eEnable {
+ VGA_DISABLE_THIS = 0, /* If this VGA is enabled, disable it. */
+ VGA_ENABLE_THIS = 1, /* Disable all VGAs then enable this VGA, mark as active VGA */
+ /* Used while resetting a board, board being reset may not be the active VGA */
+ VGA_DISABLE_ALL = 2, /* Remember active VGA then disable all VGAa and devices */
+ VGA_ENABLE_ACTIVE = 3, /* Make sure all VGAs are disabled, then reenable active VGA */
+};
+
+static void set_state(struct pci_dev *pdev, enum eEnable enable)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pcidev = NULL;
+ unsigned int class;
+
+ if (enable == VGA_DISABLE_THIS)
+ if (vga_active != pdev)
+ return;
+
+ vga_enable(vga_active, 0);
+
+ /* loop over all devices and make sure no multiple routings */
+ while ((pcidev = pci_get_subsys(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, pcidev)) != NULL) {
+ class = pcidev->class >> 8;
+
+ if (class == PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA)
+ bridge_no(pcidev);
+ }
+
+ /* loop over all devices and make sure everyone is disabled */
+ while ((pcidev = pci_get_subsys(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, pcidev)) != NULL) {
+ class = pcidev->class >> 8;
+
+ if (class == PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA)
+ vga_enable(pcidev, 0);
+ }
+
+ switch (enable) {
+ case VGA_DISABLE_THIS:
+ case VGA_DISABLE_ALL:
+ break;
+
+ /* Mark us active if requested */
+ case VGA_ENABLE_THIS:
+ vga_enable(pdev, 1);
+ break;
+
+ /* Restore active device if requested */
+ case VGA_ENABLE_ACTIVE:
+ vga_enable(vga_active, 1);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+/* sysfs store for VGA device */
+static ssize_t vga_device_store(struct device *dev, const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ char *last;
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
+ enum eEnable enable;
+
+ /* sysfs strings are terminated by \n */
+ enable = simple_strtoul(buf, &last, 0);
+ if (last == buf)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if ((enable < VGA_DISABLE_THIS) || (enable > VGA_ENABLE_ACTIVE))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ set_state(pdev, enable);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+/* sysfs show for VGA device */
+static ssize_t vga_device_show(struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", (pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags & IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE) != 0);
+}
+
+static struct device_attribute vga_device_attr = __ATTR(vga, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, vga_device_show, vga_device_store);
+
+/* sysfs show for VGA routing bridge */
+static ssize_t vga_bridge_show(struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
+ u16 l;
+
+ /* don't trust the shadow PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA in pdev */
+ /* user space may change hardware without telling the kernel */
+ pci_read_config_word(pdev, PCI_BRIDGE_CONTROL, &l);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", (l & PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA) != 0);
+}
+
+static struct device_attribute vga_bridge_attr = __ATTR(vga, S_IRUGO, vga_bridge_show, NULL);
+
+/* If the device is a VGA or a bridge, add a VGA sysfs attribute */
+int pci_vga_add_device(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ int class = pdev->class >> 8;
+
+ if (!vga_initialized)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ if (class == PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA) {
+ device_create_file(&pdev->dev, &vga_device_attr);
+
+ /* record the active boot device when located */
+ if (pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags & IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE)
+ vga_active = pdev;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if ((class == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI) || (class == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS)) {
+ device_create_file(&pdev->dev, &vga_bridge_attr);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* If the device is a VGA or a bridge, remove the VGA sysfs attribute */
+int pci_vga_remove_device(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pcidev = NULL;
+ int class = pdev->class >> 8;
+
+ if (!vga_initialized)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ if (class == PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA) {
+ device_remove_file(&pdev->dev, &vga_device_attr);
+
+ /* record the active boot device when located */
+ if (vga_active == pdev) {
+ while ((pcidev = pci_get_subsys(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, pcidev)) != NULL) {
+ class = pcidev->class >> 8;
+ if (class != PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA)
+ continue;
+ if (pcidev == pdev)
+ continue;
+ set_state(pcidev, VGA_ENABLE_THIS);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (pcidev == NULL)
+ set_state(NULL, VGA_DISABLE_ALL);
+
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if ((class == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI) || (class == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS))
+ device_remove_file(&pdev->dev, &vga_bridge_attr);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Initialize by scanning all devices */
+static int __init vga_init(void)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
+
+ vga_initialized = 1;
+
+ while ((pdev = pci_get_subsys(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, pdev)) != NULL)
+ pci_vga_add_device(pdev);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+__initcall(vga_init);
+
diff -Nru a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
--- a/include/linux/ioport.h 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
+++ b/include/linux/ioport.h 2005-02-18 15:41:21 -05:00
@@ -41,7 +41,6 @@
#define IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE 0x00004000
#define IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH 0x00008000
#define IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE 0x00010000
-#define IORESOURCE_BUS_HAS_VGA 0x00080000

#define IORESOURCE_DISABLED 0x10000000
#define IORESOURCE_UNSET 0x20000000
@@ -86,6 +85,7 @@
#define IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE (1<<0) /* ROM is enabled, same as PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_ENABLE */
#define IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW (1<<1) /* ROM is copy at C000:0 */
#define IORESOURCE_ROM_COPY (1<<2) /* ROM is alloc'd copy, resource field overlaid */
+#define IORESOURCE_VGA_ACTIVE (1<<3) /* VGA device is active */

/* PC/ISA/whatever - the normal PC address spaces: IO and memory */
extern struct resource ioport_resource;
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