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    SubjectStrange memory leak in 2.6.x

    we kindly ask for some suggestions about how to trace a memory leak
    which we suspect in the linux kernel version 2.6:

    The machine in question is a Dell PowerEdge 2500 (4GB RAM, Dual-PIII,
    AAC-raid and several e1000) running SUSE Pro 9.2 with different kernels
    (2.6.8-24.11-SMP from SUSE and now a native 2.6.10 from

    It is used as a bastion host with the usual suspects: squid, apache,
    bind, xntpd, postfix, spamassassin.

    As you can see here

    the userspace processes consume unchanging less then 1GB RAM for several
    days (vsz-sum/rss-sum).

    Nonetheless, each night (after cron started logrotate) the kernel uses
    ~1.2GB less for cache. After an uptime a few days, we get messages from
    the oom-killer like this :

    oom-killer: gfp_mask=0xd0
    DMA per-cpu:
    cpu 0 hot: low 2, high 6, batch 1
    cpu 0 cold: low 0, high 2, batch 1
    Normal per-cpu:
    cpu 0 hot: low 32, high 96, batch 16
    cpu 0 cold: low 0, high 32, batch 16
    HighMem per-cpu:
    cpu 0 hot: low 32, high 96, batch 16
    cpu 0 cold: low 0, high 32, batch 16

    Free pages: 131452kB (127680kB HighMem)
    Active:579780 inactive:342244 dirty:0 writeback:0 unstable:0 free:32863
    slab:16212 mapped:20773 pagetables:230
    DMA free:68kB min:68kB low:84kB high:100kB active:6016kB inactive:6028kB
    present:16384kB pages_scanned:37102 all_unreclaimable? yes
    protections[]: 0 0 0
    Normal free:3704kB min:3756kB low:4692kB high:5632kB active:716344kB
    inactive:79172kB present:901120kB pages_scanned:2312264
    all_unreclaimable? yes
    protections[]: 0 0 0
    HighMem free:127680kB min:512kB low:640kB high:768kB active:1596760kB
    inactive:1283776kB present:3014592kB pages_scanned:0 all_unreclaimable? no
    protections[]: 0 0 0
    DMA: 1*4kB 0*8kB 0*16kB 2*32kB 0*64kB 0*128kB 0*256kB 0*512kB 0*1024kB
    0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 68kB
    Normal: 0*4kB 5*8kB 1*16kB 4*32kB 1*64kB 1*128kB 1*256kB 0*512kB 1*1024kB
    1*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3704kB
    HighMem: 26482*4kB 2095*8kB 110*16kB 47*32kB 19*64kB 0*128kB 0*256kB
    1*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 127680kB
    Swap cache: add 439887, delete 438471, find 242699/277105, race 0+0
    Out of Memory: Killed process 29603 (cleanup).

    (at that time we used a kernel 2.6.10 with CONFIG_SMP not set, so you
    don't see the second CPU)

    30 minutes later the machine swaps out some MBs (and only some few MBs),
    kswapd needs CPU and the system freezes. System-load is most of the time
    below 0.5, /proc/slabinfo seems to be normal.

    Changing hardware (to another PowerEdge 2500) and upgrading the kernel
    didn't help, only a backport to a system with a linux-2.4 changed the

    Do you have any suggestions how to isolate this problem?

    Best regards Tobias Hennerich

    T+T Hennerich GmbH --- Zettachring 12a --- 70567 Stuttgart
    Fon:+49(711)720714-0 Fax:+49(711)720714-44 Vanity:+49(700)HENNERICH
    UNIX - Linux - Java - C Entwicklung/Beratung/Betreuung/Schulung
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