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SubjectRe: [Fastboot] [PATCH] Reserving backup region for kexec based crashdumps.
From
Hi,

> > Hi Eric,
> >
> > > > Hi Vivek and Eric,
> > > >
> > > > IMHO, why don't we swap not only the contents of the top 640K
> > > > but also kernel working memory for kdump kernel?
> > > >
> > > > I guess this approach has some good points.
> > > >
> > > > 1.Preallocating reserved area is not mandatory at boot time.
> > > > And the reserved area can be distributed in small pieces
> > > > like original kexec does.
> > > >
> > > > 2.Special linking is not required for kdump kernel.
> > > > Each kdump kernel can be linked in the same way,
> > > > where the original kernel exists.
> > > >
> > > > Am I missing something?
> > >
> > > Preallocating the reserved area is largely to keep it from
> > > being the target of DMA accesses. Since we are not able
> > > to shutdown any of the drivers in the primary kernel running
> > > in a normal swath of memory sounds like a good way to get
> > > yourself stomped at the worst possible time.
> >
> > So what do you think my another idea?
>
> I have proposed it. I think ia64 already does that.
> It has been pointed that the PowerPC kernel occasionally runs
> with the mmu turned off. So it is not a technique the is 100%
> portable.

I see you have.
And MIPS CPUs doesn't allow kernel pages to be remapped either.

> > I think we can always make a kdump kernel mapped to the same virtual
> > address. So we will be free from caring about the physical address
> > where the kdump kernel is loaded.
> >
> > I believe the memsection functionality which LHMS project is working
> > on would help this.
>
> You don't need anything fancy except to build the page tables
> during bootup. However there are a few potential gotchas
> with respect to using large pages, that can give 4MiB or
> greater alignment restrictions on the kernel. Code wise
> the gotcha is moving the kernel's .text section into what
> is essentially the vmalloc portion of the address space.
> For x86_64 the kernels virtual address is already decoupled from the
> physical addresses, so it is probably easier.

I know we can place the kernel in any address though there
exist some exceptions.

I know mapping kernel pages to the same virtual address only helps
to avoid caring about physical addresses or vmalloc'ed addresses
when linking the kernel. I think it wouldn't be bad idea in many
architectures. I prefer it rather than linking the kernel for each
system.

> Most of this just results in easier management between the pieces.
> Which is a good thing. However at the moment I don't think it
> simplifies any of the core problems. I still need to reserve
> a large hunk of physical address space early on before any
> DMA transactions are setup to hold the new kernel.

I agree that my idea is not essential at the moment.

> So while I am happy to see patches that improve this I don't
> actually care right now.

ok.

> Eric
>

Thanks,
Hirokazu Takahashi.
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