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Subject[PATCH] override RLIMIT_SIGPENDING for non-RT signals
Indeed, I think your patch does not go far enough.  I can read POSIX to say
that the siginfo_t data must be available when `kill' was used, as well.
This patch makes it allocate the siginfo_t, even when that exceeds
{RLIMIT_SIGPENDING}, for any non-RT signal (< SIGRTMIN) not sent by
sigqueue (actually, any signal that couldn't have been faked by a sigqueue
call). Of course, in an extreme memory shortage situation, you are SOL and
violate POSIX a little before you die horribly from being out of memory anyway.

The LEGACY_QUEUE logic already ensures that, for non-RT signals, at most
one is ever on the queue. So there really is no risk at all of unbounded
resource consumption; the usage can reach {RLIMIT_SIGPENDING} + 31, is all.

It's already the case that the limit can be exceeded by (in theory) up to
{RLIMIT_NPROC}-1 in race conditions because the bump and the limit check
are not atomic. (Obviously you can only get anywhere near that many with
assloads of preemption, but exceeding it by a few is not too unlikely.)
This patch also fixes that accounting so that it should not be possible to
exceed {RLIMIT_SIGPENDING} + SIGRTMIN-1 queue items per user in races.


Signed-off-by: Roland McGrath <>

--- linux-2.6/kernel/signal.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/signal.c
@@ -260,19 +260,23 @@ next_signal(struct sigpending *pending,
return sig;

-static struct sigqueue *__sigqueue_alloc(struct task_struct *t, int flags)
+static struct sigqueue *__sigqueue_alloc(struct task_struct *t, int flags,
+ int override_rlimit)
struct sigqueue *q = NULL;

- if (atomic_read(&t->user->sigpending) <
+ atomic_inc(&t->user->sigpending);
+ if (override_rlimit ||
+ atomic_read(&t->user->sigpending) <=
q = kmem_cache_alloc(sigqueue_cachep, flags);
- if (q) {
+ if (unlikely(q == NULL)) {
+ atomic_dec(&t->user->sigpending);
+ } else {
q->flags = 0;
q->lock = NULL;
q->user = get_uid(t->user);
- atomic_inc(&q->user->sigpending);
@@ -793,7 +797,9 @@ static int send_signal(int sig, struct s
make sure at least one signal gets delivered and don't
pass on the info struct. */

- q = __sigqueue_alloc(t, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ q = __sigqueue_alloc(t, GFP_ATOMIC, (sig < SIGRTMIN &&
+ ((unsigned long) info < 2 ||
+ info->si_code >= 0)));
if (q) {
list_add_tail(&q->list, &signals->list);
switch ((unsigned long) info) {
@@ -1316,7 +1322,7 @@ struct sigqueue *sigqueue_alloc(void)
struct sigqueue *q;

- if ((q = __sigqueue_alloc(current, GFP_KERNEL)))
+ if ((q = __sigqueue_alloc(current, GFP_KERNEL, 0)))
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