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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/9] clockpro-clockpro.patch
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On Fri, 2005-12-30 at 22:24 -0200, Marcelo Tosatti wrote:
> Hi Peter,
>
> _Nice_ work!

Thanks!

> IMHO you're going into the right direction, abstracting away page
> replacement policy from page reclaim.
>
> I think that final objective should be to abstract it away completly,
> making it possible to select between different policies, allowing
> further experimentation and implementations such as energy efficient
> algorithms.
>
> How hard do you think would it be to enhance your patches to allow for
> compile-time selectable policies?

Not that much more work, it would need abstracing all the usage of the
list counters (nr_active/nr_inactive vs. nr_resident/nr_cold).

> For instance, moving "page reclaim scanner" specific information into
> its own container:
>
> @@ -140,12 +140,13 @@ struct zone {
> /* Fields commonly accessed by the page reclaim scanner */
> - spinlock_t lru_lock;
> - struct list_head active_list;
> - struct list_head inactive_list;
> - unsigned long nr_scan_active;
> - unsigned long nr_active;
> - unsigned long nr_inactive;
> + spinlock_t lru_lock;
> + struct list_head list_hand[2];
> + unsigned long nr_resident;
> + unsigned long nr_cold;
> + unsigned long nr_cold_target;
> + unsigned long nr_nonresident_scale;
> +
>
> Such as "struct reclaim_policy_data" or a better name.

Yes, I have toyed with that idea, rik didn't like it and I didn't spend
any effort on it, but it could very well be done.

> About CLOCK-Pro itself, I think that a small document with a short
> introduction would be very useful... explaining that it uses inter
> reference distance instead of recency for the page replacement criteria,
> and why this criteria is fundamentally more appropriate for a large set
> of common access patterns aka "a resume of the CLOCK-Pro paper".

Ok, I shall give this Documentation/vm/clockpro.txt thing a try.


> > Implementation wise I use something based on Rik van Riel's nonresident code
> > which actually aproximates a clock with reduced order.
>
> I'm curious about hash collisions, would like to know more details about
> the hash distribution under different loads.
>
> Would be nice to measure the rate of updates on each hash bucket and
> confirm that they are approximate.

I have/had a patch that prints stats on each bucket, I did some stats a
few months back and the deviation in bucket usage was not very high,
which would indicate a rather good distribution.

Could revive that patch so you can have a go at it if you wish.

> > The resident clock with two hands is implemented using two lists which are to
> > be seen as laid head to tail to form the clock. When one hand laps the other
> > the lists are swapped.
>
> How does that differ from the original CLOCK-Pro algorithm, and why, and what are
> the expected outcomes? Please make it easier for others to understand why the hands
> swap, and when, and why.

The original clockpro algorithm has one clock with 3 hands. In order to
make it work with multiple resident zones, the non-resident pages have
to be isolated.

I did that by having two clocks, one resident with two hands (per zone)
and one non-resident with one hand (global), where the non-resident
clock should be viewed as an overlay on the resident one (imagine the
single zone case).

This loses some page order information, ie. the exact position of the
non-resident pages wrt. the resident pages, however it is a good
approximation when the rotation speeds of the respective hands are tied
together such that:
when the resident hot hand has made a full revolution so too has the
non-resident hand.

>
> > Each page has 3 state bits:
> >
> > hot -> PageHot()
> > test -> PageTest()
> > ref -> page_referenced()
> >
> > (PG_active will be renamed to PG_hot in a following patch, since the semantics
> > changed also change the name in order to avoid confusion))
> >
> > The HandCold rotation is driven by page reclaim needs. HandCold in turn
> > drives HandHot, for every page HandCold promotes to hot HandHot needs to
> > degrade one hot page to cold.
>
> Why do you use only two clock hands and not three (HandHot, HandCold and HandTest)
> as in the original paper?

As explanied above, the multi-zone thing requires the non-resident pages
to be separated.

> > + * res | h/c | tst | ref || Hcold | Hhot | Htst || Flt
> > + * ----+-----+-----+-----++-------+------+------++-----
> > + * 1 | 1 | 0 | 1 ||=1101 | 1100 |=1101 ||
> > + * 1 | 1 | 0 | 0 ||=1100 | 1000 |=1100 ||
> > + * ----+-----+-----+-----++-------+------+------++-----
> > + * 1 | 0 | 1 | 1 || 1100 | 1001 | 1001 ||
> > + * 1 | 0 | 1 | 0 ||X0010 | 1000 | 1000 ||
> > + * 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 || 1010 |=1001 |=1001 ||
> > + * 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 ||X0000 |=1000 |=1000 ||
> > + * ----+-----+-----+-----++-------+------+------++-----
> > + * ----+-----+-----+-----++-------+------+------++-----
> > + * 0 | 0 | 1 | 1 || | | || 1100
> > + * 0 | 0 | 1 | 0 ||=0010 |X0000 |X0000 ||
> > + * 0 | 0 | 0 | 1 || | | || 1010
>
> What does this mean? Can you make it easier for ignorant people like
> myself to understand?

state table, it describes how (in the original paper) the three hands
modify the page state. Given the state in the first four columns, the
next three columns give a new state for each hand; hand cold, hot and
test. The last column describes the action of a pagefault.

Ex. given a resident cold page in its test period that is referenced
(1011):
- Hand cold will make it 1100, that is, a resident hot page;
- Hand hot will make it 1001, that is, a resident cold page with a
reference; and
- Hand test will also make it 1001.

(The prefixes '=' and 'X' are used to indicate: not changed, and remove
from list - that can be either move from resident->non-resident or
remove altogether).

> > +/*
> > + * Rotate the non-resident hand; scale the rotation speed so that when all
> > + * hot hands
>
> all hot hands?

As explained, each zone has a hot and cold hand vs. the one non-resident
hand.

> > have made one full revolution the non-resident hand will have
> > + * too.
> > + *

--
Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>

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