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SubjectRe: [PATCH] protect remove_proc_entry
Hi Andrew,

I have a full patch for this.
I don't remember the details yet, but lock was not god here, we used
semaphore. I pointed to this problem long ago when fixed error path in
proc with moduleget.

This patch protects proc_dir_entry tree with a proc_tree_sem semaphore.
I suppose lock_kernel() can be removed later after checking that no proc
handlers require it.
Also this patch remakes de refcounters a bit making it more clear and
more similar to dentry scheme - this is required to make sure that
everything works correctly.

Patch is against 2.6.15-rcX and was tested for about a week. Also works
half a year on 2.6.8 :)

Signed-Off-By: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@sw.ru>
Signed-Off-By: Kirill Korotaev <dev@openvz.org>

Kirill

> Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:
>> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(remove_proc_lock);
>>
>
> I'll take a closer look at this next week.
>
> The official way of protecting the contents of a directory from concurrent
> lookup or modification is to take its i_sem. But procfs is totally weird
> and that approach may well not be practical here. We'd certainly prefer
> not to rely upon lock_kernel().
> -
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
>
--- ./fs/proc/generic.c.proclk 2005-12-26 13:43:14.000000000 +0300
+++ ./fs/proc/generic.c 2005-12-31 11:48:16.000000000 +0300
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ static ssize_t proc_file_write(struct fi
size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
static loff_t proc_file_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int);

+static DECLARE_RWSEM(proc_tree_sem);
+
int proc_match(int len, const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *de)
{
if (de->namelen != len)
@@ -381,6 +383,7 @@ struct dentry *proc_lookup(struct inode
lock_kernel();
de = PDE(dir);
if (de) {
+ down_read(&proc_tree_sem);
for (de = de->subdir; de ; de = de->next) {
if (de->namelen != dentry->d_name.len)
continue;
@@ -392,6 +395,7 @@ struct dentry *proc_lookup(struct inode
break;
}
}
+ up_read(&proc_tree_sem);
}
unlock_kernel();

@@ -446,12 +450,13 @@ int proc_readdir(struct file * filp,
filp->f_pos++;
/* fall through */
default:
+ down_read(&proc_tree_sem);
de = de->subdir;
i -= 2;
for (;;) {
if (!de) {
ret = 1;
- goto out;
+ goto out_up;
}
if (!i)
break;
@@ -462,14 +467,18 @@ int proc_readdir(struct file * filp,
do {
if (filldir(dirent, de->name, de->namelen, filp->f_pos,
de->low_ino, de->mode >> 12) < 0)
- goto out;
+ goto out_up;
filp->f_pos++;
de = de->next;
} while (de);
+ up_read(&proc_tree_sem);
}
ret = 1;
out: unlock_kernel();
return ret;
+out_up:
+ up_read(&proc_tree_sem);
+ goto out;
}

/*
@@ -517,6 +526,7 @@ static int proc_register(struct proc_dir
if (dp->proc_iops == NULL)
dp->proc_iops = &proc_file_inode_operations;
}
+ de_get(dir);
return 0;
}

@@ -576,6 +586,7 @@ static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_creat

memset(ent, 0, sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry));
memcpy(((char *) ent) + sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry), fn, len + 1);
+ atomic_set(&ent->count, 1);
ent->name = ((char *) ent) + sizeof(*ent);
ent->namelen = len;
ent->mode = mode;
@@ -589,6 +600,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(cons
{
struct proc_dir_entry *ent;

+ down_write(&proc_tree_sem);
ent = proc_create(&parent,name,
(S_IFLNK | S_IRUGO | S_IWUGO | S_IXUGO),1);

@@ -606,6 +618,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(cons
ent = NULL;
}
}
+ up_write(&proc_tree_sem);
return ent;
}

@@ -614,6 +627,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(c
{
struct proc_dir_entry *ent;

+ down_write(&proc_tree_sem);
ent = proc_create(&parent, name, S_IFDIR | mode, 2);
if (ent) {
ent->proc_fops = &proc_dir_operations;
@@ -624,6 +638,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(c
ent = NULL;
}
}
+ up_write(&proc_tree_sem);
return ent;
}

@@ -633,7 +648,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const
return proc_mkdir_mode(name, S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO, parent);
}

-struct proc_dir_entry *create_proc_entry(const char *name, mode_t mode,
+static struct proc_dir_entry *__create_proc_entry(const char *name, mode_t mode,
struct proc_dir_entry *parent)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *ent;
@@ -665,6 +680,17 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *create_proc_entry
return ent;
}

+struct proc_dir_entry *create_proc_entry(const char *name, mode_t mode,
+ struct proc_dir_entry *parent)
+{
+ struct proc_dir_entry *ent;
+
+ down_write(&proc_tree_sem);
+ ent = __create_proc_entry(name, mode, parent);
+ up_write(&proc_tree_sem);
+ return ent;
+}
+
void free_proc_entry(struct proc_dir_entry *de)
{
unsigned int ino = de->low_ino;
@@ -683,15 +709,13 @@ void free_proc_entry(struct proc_dir_ent
* Remove a /proc entry and free it if it's not currently in use.
* If it is in use, we set the 'deleted' flag.
*/
-void remove_proc_entry(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent)
+static void __remove_proc_entry(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent)
{
struct proc_dir_entry **p;
struct proc_dir_entry *de;
const char *fn = name;
int len;

- if (!parent && xlate_proc_name(name, &parent, &fn) != 0)
- goto out;
len = strlen(fn);
for (p = &parent->subdir; *p; p=&(*p)->next ) {
if (!proc_match(len, fn, *p))
@@ -699,20 +723,24 @@ void remove_proc_entry(const char *name,
de = *p;
*p = de->next;
de->next = NULL;
+ de_put(parent);
if (S_ISDIR(de->mode))
parent->nlink--;
proc_kill_inodes(de);
de->nlink = 0;
WARN_ON(de->subdir);
- if (!atomic_read(&de->count))
- free_proc_entry(de);
- else {
- de->deleted = 1;
- printk("remove_proc_entry: %s/%s busy, count=%d\n",
- parent->name, de->name, atomic_read(&de->count));
- }
+ de->deleted = 1;
+ de_put(de);
break;
}
-out:
- return;
+}
+
+void remove_proc_entry(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent)
+{
+ const char *fn = name;
+
+ down_write(&proc_tree_sem);
+ if (parent || xlate_proc_name(name, &parent, &fn) == 0)
+ __remove_proc_entry(name, parent);
+ up_write(&proc_tree_sem);
}
--- ./fs/proc/inode.c.proclk 2005-12-26 13:43:14.000000000 +0300
+++ ./fs/proc/inode.c 2005-12-31 11:48:16.000000000 +0300
@@ -21,34 +21,25 @@

extern void free_proc_entry(struct proc_dir_entry *);

-static inline struct proc_dir_entry * de_get(struct proc_dir_entry *de)
-{
- if (de)
- atomic_inc(&de->count);
- return de;
-}
-
/*
* Decrements the use count and checks for deferred deletion.
*/
-static void de_put(struct proc_dir_entry *de)
+void de_put(struct proc_dir_entry *de)
{
if (de) {
- lock_kernel();
if (!atomic_read(&de->count)) {
printk("de_put: entry %s already free!\n", de->name);
- unlock_kernel();
return;
}

if (atomic_dec_and_test(&de->count)) {
- if (de->deleted) {
- printk("de_put: deferred delete of %s\n",
- de->name);
- free_proc_entry(de);
+ if (!de->deleted) {
+ printk("de_put: entry %s is not removed yet\n",
+ de->name);
+ return;
}
- }
- unlock_kernel();
+ free_proc_entry(de);
+ }
}
}

--- ./include/linux/proc_fs.h.proclk 2005-12-26 13:43:16.000000000 +0300
+++ ./include/linux/proc_fs.h 2005-12-31 11:48:16.000000000 +0300
@@ -69,6 +69,14 @@ struct proc_dir_entry {
void *set;
};

+extern void de_put(struct proc_dir_entry *);
+static inline struct proc_dir_entry *de_get(struct proc_dir_entry *de)
+{
+ if (de)
+ atomic_inc(&de->count);
+ return de;
+}
+
struct kcore_list {
struct kcore_list *next;
unsigned long addr;
--- ./kernel/sysctl.c.proclk 2005-12-26 13:43:16.000000000 +0300
+++ ./kernel/sysctl.c 2005-12-31 11:48:37.000000000 +0300
@@ -1396,19 +1396,15 @@ static void unregister_proc_table(ctl_ta
continue;
}

- /*
- * In any case, mark the entry as goner; we'll keep it
- * around if it's busy, but we'll know to do nothing with
- * its fields. We are under sysctl_lock here.
- */
de->data = NULL;
-
- /* Don't unregister proc entries that are still being used.. */
- if (atomic_read(&de->count))
- continue;
-
table->de = NULL;
+ /*
+ * sys_sysctl can't find us, since we are removed from list.
+ * proc won't touch either, since de->data is NULL.
+ */
+ spin_unlock(&sysctl_lock);
remove_proc_entry(table->procname, root);
+ spin_lock(&sysctl_lock);
}
}
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