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    SubjectRe: [ANNOUNCE] version 0.1 - Simple utility to clean up /boot and /lib/modules
    Steven Rostedt wrote:
    > I'm not sure if this has been done already or not (let me know if it
    > has), but I've just noticed that after playing with several
    > developmental kernels I had about 30 to 40 different versions of
    > vmlinuz, initrd.img, config, and System.maps in my /boot directory, not
    > to mention all the modules loaded in /lib/modules.
    > So I wrote this perl script that let me pick and choose what I wanted to
    > clean up. Be careful, this must be run as root, and although the
    > default is to do nothing, if you hit a "y" in the wrong place, you can
    > lose that kernel.
    > The script is here:
    > Here's the usage:
    > # ./ -h
    > usage: [-b boot_dir] [-m module_dir]
    > (version 0.1)
    > default boot_dir = /boot
    > default module_dir = /lib/modules
    > It's run like the following:
    > ---
    > #./
    > List of versions found:
    > 2.6.12-1-386 2.6.14 2.6.14-2-386
    > 2.6.14-2-k7-smp 2.6.14-kthrt2 2.6.14-rt13
    > 2.6.14-rt13-logdev1 2.6.14-rt15 2.6.14-rt20
    > 2.6.15-rc3
    > Remove files for version 2.6.12-1-386 [y/N/l/q/?]: ?
    > y - remove files from boot and modules
    > n [default] - skip this version
    > l - list the found versions again
    > q - quit
    > ? - display this message
    > Remove files for version 2.6.12-1-386 [y/N/l/q/?]: q
    > ---
    > If you hit "y" (or yes or ye, case is ignored), it will then remove any
    > of the vmlinuz, initrd.img, config and files for version
    > 2.6.12-1-386 in /boot and the directory /lib/modules/2.6.12-1-386.
    > This is under just a public license, no warranty, so just be careful not
    > to delete too much.
    > Also remember to update lilo or grub, since this doesn't handle that.
    > Comments?

    I also had this problem and created the attached Python script to handle
    the problem. Usage is:

    Usage: [-i] [-v] <kernel> ....

    where <kernel> can be a glob expression (n.b. lists of expressions
    accepted) describing which kernels to delete, the -i option selects
    interactive mode where confirmation is requested for each deletion and
    -v lists each kernel that has been deleted. This script is slightly
    smarter than yours in that it uses grubby to update grub (or lilo etc.)
    for the removal of the kernel. Additionally, the script checks to see
    if the kernel was installed via rpm and if it was uses rpm to do the

    If it was thought desirable a GUI version of this program would be
    fairly easy to write using as a library module.

    Peter Williams

    "Learning, n. The kind of ignorance distinguishing the studious."
    -- Ambrose Bierce
    #!/usr/bin/env python

    import os, os.path, signal, popen2, fcntl, select, re

    def make_non_blocking(fd):
    fl = fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_GETFL)
    fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, fl | os.O_NDELAY)
    except AttributeError:
    fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, fl | os.FNDELAY)

    # Take advice from "Python Cookbook" on avoiding potential dead locks
    # reading stdout and stderr from sub process
    def run_cmd(cmd, input=None):
    savedsh = signal.getsignal(signal.SIGPIPE)
    signal.signal(signal.SIGPIPE, signal.SIG_DFL)
    sub = popen2.Popen3(cmd, True)
    if not input is None:
    outfd = sub.fromchild.fileno()
    errfd = sub.childerr.fileno()
    outd, errd = [], []
    outeof = erreof = False
    while True:
    to_check = [outfd] * (not outeof) + [errfd] * (not erreof)
    ready =, [], [])
    if outfd in ready[0]:
    outchunk =
    if outchunk == '':
    outeof = True
    if errfd in ready[0]:
    outchunk =
    if outchunk == '':
    erreof = True
    if outeof and erreof:
    try:[], [], [], 0.05)
    except select.error, data:
    if data[0] is errno.EINTR:
    return [ data[0], "", data[1] ]
    res = sub.wait()
    signal.signal(signal.SIGPIPE, savedsh)
    return [ res, ''.join(outd), ''.join(errd) ]

    def file_is_known_to_rpm(file):
    res, so, se = run_cmd("rpm -qf " + file)
    return res == 0

    def remove_rpm_kernel(kernel):
    kfile = kernel_file(kernel)
    run_cmd("rpm -e --nodeps `rpm -qf " + kfile + "`")

    def modules_dir(kernel):
    return "/lib/modules/" + kernel

    def kernel_file(kernel):
    return "/boot/vmlinuz-" + kernel

    def system_map_file(kernel):
    return "/boot/" + kernel

    def initrd_file(kernel):
    return "/boot/initrd-" + kernel + ".img"

    def remove_kernel_modules(kernel):
    kmdir = modules_dir(kernel)
    if os.path.isdir(kmdir):
    os.system("/bin/rm -r " + kmdir)

    def _remove_files(file):
    if os.path.exists(file):
    if os.path.exists(file + ".old"):
    os.remove(file + ".old")

    def remove_kernel_file(kernel):

    def remove_system_map_file(kernel):

    def remove_initrd_file(kernel):

    def remove_kernel_from_grub(kernel):
    kfile = kernel_file(kernel)
    if run_cmd("sudo /sbin/grubby --info=" + kfile)[0] == 0:
    run_cmd("/sbin/grubby --remove-kernel=" + kfile)

    def remove_kernel(kernel, verbose=False):
    if verbose:
    print "Removing", kernel,
    if file_is_known_to_rpm(kernel_file(kernel)):
    if verbose:
    print "done via rpm."
    if verbose:
    print "done."

    def find_kernels():
    kernels = os.listdir("/lib/modules")
    kre = re.compile("^vmlinuz-(.*?)(.old)?$")
    for f in os.listdir("/boot"):
    m = kre.match(f)
    if m:
    k =
    if k not in kernels:
    return kernels

    if __name__ == "__main__":
    import getopt, sys, fnmatch
    syntax_error = False
    interactive = False
    verbose = False
    optlist, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[1:], "iv")
    except getopt.GetoptError:
    syntax_error = True
    if syntax_error or len(args) == 0:
    print "Usage: [-i] [-v] <kernel> ..."
    for o, a in optlist:
    if o == "-i":
    interactive = True
    import tty, termios
    def getch():
    fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
    old_settings = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
    ch =
    termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSADRAIN, old_settings)
    return ch
    if o == "-v":
    verbose = True
    kernels = find_kernels()
    for g in args:
    klist = fnmatch.filter(kernels, g)
    for k in klist:
    if not interactive:
    remove_kernel(k, verbose)
    print "Delete", k, "?"
    while True:
    response = getch()
    print response
    if response in ["y", "n"]:
    if response == "y":
    remove_kernel(k, verbose)
    del kernels[kernels.index(k)]
     \ /
      Last update: 2005-12-04 01:33    [W:0.035 / U:0.852 seconds]
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