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Subject[patch 3/5] atomic: inc_not_zero
3/5

--
SUSE Labs, Novell Inc.

Introduce an atomic_inc_not_zero operation. Make this a special case
of atomic_add_unless because lockless pagecache actually wants
atomic_inc_not_negativeone due to its offset refcount.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-alpha/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-alpha/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-alpha/atomic.h
@@ -179,6 +179,16 @@ static __inline__ long atomic64_sub_retu

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_dec_return(v) atomic_sub_return(1,(v))
#define atomic64_dec_return(v) atomic64_sub_return(1,(v))

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-arm26/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-arm26/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-arm26/atomic.h
@@ -76,6 +76,21 @@ static inline int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_
return ret;
}

+static inline int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret != u;
+}
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
{
unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-frv/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-frv/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-frv/atomic.h
@@ -416,4 +416,14 @@ extern uint32_t __cmpxchg_32(uint32_t *v

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#endif /* _ASM_ATOMIC_H */
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-h8300/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-h8300/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-h8300/atomic.h
@@ -94,6 +94,19 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(ato
return ret;
}

+static __inline__ int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return ret != u;
+}
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *v)
{
__asm__ __volatile__("stc ccr,r1l\n\t"
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-i386/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-i386/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-i386/atomic.h
@@ -217,6 +217,25 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))

+/**
+ * atomic_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value
+ * @v: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @a: the amount to add to v...
+ * @u: ...unless v is equal to u.
+ *
+ * Atomically adds @a to @v, so long as it was not @u.
+ * Returns non-zero if @v was not @u, and zero otherwise.
+ */
+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_inc_return(v) (atomic_add_return(1,v))
#define atomic_dec_return(v) (atomic_sub_return(1,v))

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-ia64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-ia64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-ia64/atomic.h
@@ -90,6 +90,16 @@ ia64_atomic64_sub (__s64 i, atomic64_t *

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_add_return(i,v) \
({ \
int __ia64_aar_i = (i); \
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-m68k/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-m68k/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-m68k/atomic.h
@@ -141,6 +141,16 @@ static inline void atomic_set_mask(unsig

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
/* Atomic operations are already serializing */
#define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec() barrier()
#define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec() barrier()
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-m68knommu/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-m68knommu/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-m68knommu/atomic.h
@@ -130,6 +130,16 @@ static inline int atomic_sub_return(int

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_dec_return(v) atomic_sub_return(1,(v))
#define atomic_inc_return(v) atomic_add_return(1,(v))

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-mips/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-mips/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-mips/atomic.h
@@ -289,6 +289,25 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_if_posi

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+/**
+ * atomic_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value
+ * @v: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @a: the amount to add to v...
+ * @u: ...unless v is equal to u.
+ *
+ * Atomically adds @a to @v, so long as it was not @u.
+ * Returns non-zero if @v was not @u, and zero otherwise.
+ */
+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_dec_return(v) atomic_sub_return(1,(v))
#define atomic_inc_return(v) atomic_add_return(1,(v))

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-parisc/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-parisc/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-parisc/atomic.h
@@ -166,6 +166,25 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_read(const
/* exported interface */
#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+/**
+ * atomic_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value
+ * @v: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @a: the amount to add to v...
+ * @u: ...unless v is equal to u.
+ *
+ * Atomically adds @a to @v, so long as it was not @u.
+ * Returns non-zero if @v was not @u, and zero otherwise.
+ */
+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_add(i,v) ((void)(__atomic_add_return( ((int)i),(v))))
#define atomic_sub(i,v) ((void)(__atomic_add_return(-((int)i),(v))))
#define atomic_inc(v) ((void)(__atomic_add_return( 1,(v))))
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-s390/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-s390/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-s390/atomic.h
@@ -200,6 +200,16 @@ atomic_compare_and_swap(int expected_old

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) (atomic_compare_and_swap((o), (n), &((v)->counter)))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec() smp_mb()
#define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec() smp_mb()
#define smp_mb__before_atomic_inc() smp_mb()
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sh/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sh/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sh/atomic.h
@@ -101,6 +101,21 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(ato
return ret;
}

+static __inline__ int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret != u;
+}
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned int mask, atomic_t *v)
{
unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sh64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sh64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sh64/atomic.h
@@ -113,6 +113,21 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(ato
return ret;
}

+static __inline__ int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret != u;
+}
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned int mask, atomic_t *v)
{
unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sparc/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc/atomic.h
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ typedef struct { volatile int counter; }

extern int __atomic_add_return(int, atomic_t *);
extern int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *, int, int);
+extern int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *, int, int);
extern void atomic_set(atomic_t *, int);

#define atomic_read(v) ((v)->counter)
@@ -49,6 +50,8 @@ extern void atomic_set(atomic_t *, int);
#define atomic_dec_and_test(v) (atomic_dec_return(v) == 0)
#define atomic_sub_and_test(i, v) (atomic_sub_return(i, v) == 0)

+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
/* This is the old 24-bit implementation. It's still used internally
* by some sparc-specific code, notably the semaphore implementation.
*/
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sparc64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc64/atomic.h
@@ -72,6 +72,16 @@ extern int atomic64_sub_ret(int, atomic6

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
/* Atomic operations are already serializing */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec() membar_storeload_loadload();
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-v850/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-v850/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-v850/atomic.h
@@ -104,6 +104,22 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(ato
return ret;
}

+static __inline__ int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret != u;
+}
+
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
/* Atomic operations are already serializing on ARM */
#define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec() barrier()
#define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec() barrier()
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-x86_64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-x86_64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-x86_64/atomic.h
@@ -362,6 +362,25 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))

+/**
+ * atomic_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value
+ * @v: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @a: the amount to add to v...
+ * @u: ...unless v is equal to u.
+ *
+ * Atomically adds @a to @v, so long as it was not @u.
+ * Returns non-zero if @v was not @u, and zero otherwise.
+ */
+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_inc_return(v) (atomic_add_return(1,v))
#define atomic_dec_return(v) (atomic_sub_return(1,v))

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-xtensa/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-xtensa/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-xtensa/atomic.h
@@ -225,6 +225,25 @@ static inline int atomic_sub_return(int

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+/**
+ * atomic_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value
+ * @v: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @a: the amount to add to v...
+ * @u: ...unless v is equal to u.
+ *
+ * Atomically adds @a to @v, so long as it was not @u.
+ * Returns non-zero if @v was not @u, and zero otherwise.
+ */
+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ while (c != (u) && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a))) != c) \
+ c = old; \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned int mask, atomic_t *v)
{
unsigned int all_f = -1;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-cris/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-cris/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-cris/atomic.h
@@ -135,6 +135,19 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(ato
return ret;
}

+static __inline__ int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ cris_atomic_save(v, flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ cris_atomic_restore(v, flags);
+ return ret != u;
+}
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
/* Atomic operations are already serializing */
#define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec() barrier()
Index: linux-2.6/arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c
@@ -52,6 +52,20 @@ int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old,
return ret;
}

+int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(ATOMIC_HASH(v), flags);
+ ret = v->counter;
+ if (ret != u)
+ v->counter += a;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(ATOMIC_HASH(v), flags);
+ return ret != u;
+}
+
+static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
+/* Atomic operations are already serializing */
void atomic_set(atomic_t *v, int i)
{
unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt
+++ linux-2.6/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ boolean is return which indicates whethe
is negative. It requires explicit memory barrier semantics around the
operation.

-Finally:
+Then:

int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new);

@@ -129,6 +129,18 @@ atomic_cmpxchg requires explicit memory
The semantics for atomic_cmpxchg are the same as those defined for 'cas'
below.

+Finally:
+
+ int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u);
+
+If the atomic value v is not equal to u, this function adds a to v, and
+returns non zero. If v is equal to u then it returns zero. This is done as
+an atomic operation.
+
+atomic_add_unless requires explicit memory barriers around the operation.
+
+atomic_inc_not_zero, equivalent to atomic_add_unless(v, 1, 0)
+

If a caller requires memory barrier semantics around an atomic_t
operation which does not return a value, a set of interfaces are
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-arm/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-arm/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-arm/atomic.h
@@ -174,6 +174,16 @@ static inline void atomic_clear_mask(uns

#endif /* __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ */

+static inline int atomic_add_unless(atomic_t *v, int a, int u)
+{
+ int c, old;
+ c = atomic_read(v);
+ while (c != u && (old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + a)) != c)
+ c = old;
+ return c != u;
+}
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_add(i, v) (void) atomic_add_return(i, v)
#define atomic_inc(v) (void) atomic_add_return(1, v)
#define atomic_sub(i, v) (void) atomic_sub_return(i, v)
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-powerpc/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-powerpc/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-powerpc/atomic.h
@@ -174,6 +174,31 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_dec_return(

#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))

+/**
+ * atomic_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value
+ * @v: pointer of type atomic_t
+ * @a: the amount to add to v...
+ * @u: ...unless v is equal to u.
+ *
+ * Atomically adds @a to @v, so long as it was not @u.
+ * Returns non-zero if @v was not @u, and zero otherwise.
+ */
+#define atomic_add_unless(v, a, u) \
+({ \
+ int c, old; \
+ c = atomic_read(v); \
+ for (;;) { \
+ if (unlikely(c == (u))) \
+ break; \
+ old = atomic_cmpxchg((v), c, c + (a)); \
+ if (likely(old == c)) \
+ break; \
+ c = old; \
+ } \
+ c != (u); \
+})
+#define atomic_inc_not_zero(v) atomic_add_unless((v), 1, 0)
+
#define atomic_sub_and_test(a, v) (atomic_sub_return((a), (v)) == 0)
#define atomic_dec_and_test(v) (atomic_dec_return((v)) == 0)
\
 
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