lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2005]   [Nov]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[RFC][PATCH 3/12] clocksource management code
From
Date
All,
This patch introduces the clocksource management infrastructure. A
clocksource is a driver-like architecture generic abstraction of a free
running counter. This patch defines the clocksource structure, and
provides management code for registering, selecting, accessing and
scaling clocksources. The clocksource structure is influenced by the
time_interpolator code, although I feel it has a cleaner interface and
avoids preserving system state in the clocksource structure.

Additionally, this patch includes the trivial jiffies clocksource, a
lowest common denominator clocksource, provided mainly for use as an
example.

This patch applies ontop of my ntp cleanup patchset.

Since this patch provides the groundwork for the generic timeofday core,
it will not function without the generic timeofday patches to follow.


thanks
-john

Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 14 +
include/linux/clocksource.h | 293 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/Makefile | 1
kernel/time/Makefile | 1
kernel/time/clocksource.c | 286 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/time/jiffies.c | 74 +++++++++
6 files changed, 665 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
linux-2.6.14-rc5-mm1_timeofday-clocksource-core_B9.patch
============================================
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ restrictions referred to are that the re
MTD MTD support is enabled.
NET Appropriate network support is enabled.
NUMA NUMA support is enabled.
+ GENERIC_TIME The generic timeofday code is enabled.
NFS Appropriate NFS support is enabled.
OSS OSS sound support is enabled.
PARIDE The ParIDE subsystem is enabled.
@@ -329,10 +330,11 @@ running once the system is up.
Value can be changed at runtime via
/selinux/checkreqprot.

- clock= [BUGS=IA-32,HW] gettimeofday timesource override.
- Forces specified timesource (if avaliable) to be used
- when calculating gettimeofday(). If specicified
- timesource is not avalible, it defaults to PIT.
+ clock= [BUGS=IA-32, HW] gettimeofday clocksource override.
+ [Deprecated]
+ Forces specified clocksource (if avaliable) to be used
+ when calculating gettimeofday(). If specified
+ clocksource is not avalible, it defaults to PIT.
Format: { pit | tsc | cyclone | pmtmr }

hpet= [IA-32,HPET] option to disable HPET and use PIT.
@@ -1477,6 +1479,10 @@ running once the system is up.

time Show timing data prefixed to each printk message line

+ clocksource= [GENERIC_TIME] Override the default clocksource
+ Override the default clocksource and use the clocksource
+ with the name specified.
+
tipar.timeout= [HW,PPT]
Set communications timeout in tenths of a second
(default 15).
diff --git a/include/linux/clocksource.h b/include/linux/clocksource.h
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/clocksource.h
@@ -0,0 +1,293 @@
+/* linux/include/linux/clocksource.h
+ *
+ * This file contains the structure definitions for clocksources.
+ *
+ * If you are not a clocksource, or the time of day code, you should
+ * not be including this file!
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_CLOCKSOURCE_H
+#define _LINUX_CLOCKSOURCE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/div64.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct clocksource - hardware abstraction for a free running counter
+ * Provides mostly state-free accessors to the underlying hardware.
+ *
+ * @name: ptr to clocksource name
+ * @list: list head for registration
+ * @rating: rating value for selection (higher is better)
+ * To avoid rating inflation the following
+ * list should give you a guide as to how
+ * to assign your clocksource a rating
+ * 1-99: Unfit for real use
+ * Only available for bootup and testing purposes.
+ * 100-199: Base level usability.
+ * Functional for real use, but not desired.
+ * 200-299: Good.
+ * A correct and usable clocksource.
+ * 300-399: Desired.
+ * A reasonably fast and accurate clocksource.
+ * 400-499: Perfect
+ * The ideal clocksource. A must-use where
+ * available.
+ * @read: returns a cycle value
+ * @mask: bitmask for two's complement
+ * subtraction of non 64 bit counters
+ * @mult: cycle to nanosecond multiplier
+ * @shift: cycle to nanosecond divisor (power of two)
+ * @update_callback: called when safe to alter clocksource values
+ * @is_continuous: defines if clocksource is free-running.
+ * @vread: vsyscall read function
+ * @vdata: vsyscall data value passed to read function
+ */
+struct clocksource {
+ char* name;
+ struct list_head list;
+ int rating;
+ cycle_t (*read)(void);
+ cycle_t mask;
+ u32 mult;
+ u32 shift;
+ int (*update_callback)(void);
+ int is_continuous;
+ cycle_t (*vread)(void*);
+ void* vdata;
+};
+
+
+/**
+ * clocksource_khz2mult - calculates mult from khz and shift
+ * @khz: Clocksource frequency in KHz
+ * @shift_constant: Clocksource shift factor
+ *
+ * Helper functions that converts a khz counter frequency to a timsource
+ * multiplier, given the clocksource shift value
+ */
+static inline u32 clocksource_khz2mult(u32 khz, u32 shift_constant)
+{
+ /* khz = cyc/(Million ns)
+ * mult/2^shift = ns/cyc
+ * mult = ns/cyc * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1Million/khz * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1000000 * 2^shift / khz
+ * mult = (1000000<<shift) / khz
+ */
+ u64 tmp = ((u64)1000000) << shift_constant;
+ tmp += khz/2; /* round for do_div */
+ do_div(tmp, khz);
+ return (u32)tmp;
+}
+
+/**
+ * clocksource_hz2mult - calculates mult from hz and shift
+ * @hz: Clocksource frequency in Hz
+ * @shift_constant: Clocksource shift factor
+ *
+ * Helper functions that converts a hz counter
+ * frequency to a timsource multiplier, given the
+ * clocksource shift value
+ */
+static inline u32 clocksource_hz2mult(u32 hz, u32 shift_constant)
+{
+ /* hz = cyc/(Billion ns)
+ * mult/2^shift = ns/cyc
+ * mult = ns/cyc * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1Billion/hz * 2^shift
+ * mult = 1000000000 * 2^shift / hz
+ * mult = (1000000000<<shift) / hz
+ */
+ u64 tmp = ((u64)1000000000) << shift_constant;
+ tmp += hz/2; /* round for do_div */
+ do_div(tmp, hz);
+ return (u32)tmp;
+}
+
+/**
+ * read_clocksource: - Access the clocksource's current cycle value
+ * @cs: pointer to clocksource being read
+ *
+ * Uses the clocksource to return the current cycle_t value
+ */
+static inline cycle_t read_clocksource(struct clocksource *cs)
+{
+ return cs->read();
+}
+
+/**
+ * ppm_to_mult_adj - Converts shifted ppm values to mult adjustment
+ * @cs: Pointer to clocksource
+ * @ppm: Shifted PPM value
+ *
+ * Helper which converts a shifted ppm value to clocksource mult_adj value.
+ *
+ * XXX - this could use some optimization
+ */
+static inline int ppm_to_mult_adj(struct clocksource *cs, int ppm)
+{
+ u64 mult_adj;
+ int ret_adj;
+
+ /* The basic math is as follows:
+ * cyc * mult/2^shift * (1 + ppm/MILL) = scaled ns
+ * We want to precalculate the ppm factor so it can be added
+ * to the multiplyer saving the extra multiplication step.
+ * cyc * (mult/2^shift + (mult/2^shift) * (ppm/MILL)) =
+ * cyc * (mult/2^shift + (mult*ppm/MILL)/2^shift) =
+ * cyc * (mult + (mult*ppm/MILL))/2^shift =
+ * Thus we want to calculate the value of:
+ * mult*ppm/MILL
+ */
+ mult_adj = abs(ppm);
+ mult_adj = (mult_adj * cs->mult)>>SHIFT_USEC;
+ mult_adj += 1000000/2; /* round for div*/
+ do_div(mult_adj, 1000000);
+ if (ppm < 0)
+ ret_adj = -(int)mult_adj;
+ else
+ ret_adj = (int)mult_adj;
+ return ret_adj;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cyc2ns - converts clocksource cycles to nanoseconds
+ * @cs: Pointer to clocksource
+ * @ntp_adj: Multiplier adjustment value
+ * @cycles: Cycles
+ *
+ * Uses the clocksource and ntp ajdustment to convert cycle_ts to nanoseconds.
+ *
+ * XXX - This could use some mult_lxl_ll() asm optimization
+ */
+static inline nsec_t cyc2ns(struct clocksource *cs, int ntp_adj, cycle_t cycles)
+{
+ u64 ret;
+ ret = (u64)cycles;
+ ret *= (cs->mult + ntp_adj);
+ ret >>= cs->shift;
+ return (nsec_t)ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cyc2ns_rem - converts clocksource cycles to nanoseconds w/ remainder
+ * @cs: Pointer to clocksource
+ * @ntp_adj: Multiplier adjustment value
+ * @cycles: Cycles
+ * @rem: Remainder
+ *
+ * Uses the clocksource and ntp ajdustment interval to convert cycle_t to
+ * nanoseconds. Add in remainder portion which is stored in (ns<<cs->shift)
+ * units and save the new remainder off.
+ *
+ * XXX - This could use some mult_lxl_ll() asm optimization.
+ */
+static inline nsec_t cyc2ns_rem(struct clocksource *cs, int ntp_adj, cycle_t cycles, u64* rem)
+{
+ u64 ret;
+ ret = (u64)cycles;
+ ret *= (cs->mult + ntp_adj);
+ if (rem) {
+ ret += *rem;
+ *rem = ret & ((1<<cs->shift)-1);
+ }
+ ret >>= cs->shift;
+ return (nsec_t)ret;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * struct clocksource_interval - Fixed interval conversion structure
+ *
+ * @cycles: A specified number of cycles
+ * @nsecs: The number of nanoseconds equivalent to the cycles value
+ * @remainder: Non-integer nanosecond remainder stored in (ns<<cs->shift) units
+ * @remainder_ns_overflow: Value at which the remainder is equal to
+ * one second
+ *
+ * This is a optimization structure used by cyc2ns_fixed_rem() to avoid the
+ * multiply in cyc2ns().
+ *
+ * Unless you're the timeofday_periodic_hook, you should not be using this!
+ */
+struct clocksource_interval {
+ cycle_t cycles;
+ nsec_t nsecs;
+ u64 remainder;
+ u64 remainder_ns_overflow;
+};
+
+/**
+ * calculate_clocksource_interval - Calculates a clocksource interval struct
+ *
+ * @c: Pointer to clocksource.
+ * @adj: Multiplyer adjustment.
+ * @length_nsec: Desired interval length in nanoseconds.
+ *
+ * Calculates a fixed cycle/nsec interval for a given clocksource/adjustment
+ * pair and interval request.
+ *
+ * Unless you're the timeofday_periodic_hook, you should not be using this!
+ */
+static inline struct clocksource_interval
+calculate_clocksource_interval(struct clocksource *c, long adj,
+ unsigned long length_nsec)
+{
+ struct clocksource_interval ret;
+ u64 tmp;
+
+ /* XXX - All of this could use a whole lot of optimization */
+ tmp = length_nsec;
+ tmp <<= c->shift;
+ do_div(tmp, c->mult+adj);
+
+ ret.cycles = (cycle_t)tmp;
+ if(ret.cycles == 0)
+ ret.cycles = 1;
+
+ ret.remainder = 0;
+ ret.remainder_ns_overflow = 1 << c->shift;
+ ret.nsecs = cyc2ns_rem(c, adj, ret.cycles, &ret.remainder);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cyc2ns_fixed_rem -
+ * converts clocksource cycles to nanoseconds using fixed intervals
+ *
+ * @interval: precalculated clocksource_interval structure
+ * @cycles: Number of clocksource cycles
+ * @rem: Remainder
+ *
+ * Uses a precalculated fixed cycle/nsec interval to convert cycles to
+ * nanoseconds. Returns the unaccumulated cycles in the cycles pointer as
+ * well as uses and updates the value at the remainder pointer
+ *
+ * Unless you're the timeofday_periodic_hook, you should not be using this!
+ */
+static inline nsec_t cyc2ns_fixed_rem(struct clocksource_interval interval, cycle_t *cycles, u64* rem)
+{
+ nsec_t delta_nsec = 0;
+ while(*cycles > interval.cycles) {
+ delta_nsec += interval.nsecs;
+ *cycles -= interval.cycles;
+ *rem += interval.remainder;
+ while(*rem > interval.remainder_ns_overflow) {
+ *rem -= interval.remainder_ns_overflow;
+ delta_nsec += 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return delta_nsec;
+}
+
+
+/* used to install a new clocksource */
+void register_clocksource(struct clocksource*);
+void reselect_clocksource(void);
+struct clocksource* get_next_clocksource(void);
+#endif
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ obj-y = sched.o fork.o exec_domain.o
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o \
ktimers.o

+obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_TIME) += time/
obj-$(CONFIG_FUTEX) += futex.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ISA_DMA) += dma.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpu.o spinlock.o
diff --git a/kernel/time/Makefile b/kernel/time/Makefile
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/time/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-y += clocksource.o jiffies.o
diff --git a/kernel/time/clocksource.c b/kernel/time/clocksource.c
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/time/clocksource.c
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+/*
+ * linux/kernel/time/clocksource.c
+ *
+ * This file contains the functions which manage clocksource drivers.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ *
+ * TODO WishList:
+ * o Allow clocksource drivers to be unregistered
+ * o get rid of clocksource_jiffies extern
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clocksource.h>
+#include <linux/sysdev.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+/* XXX - Would like a better way for initializing curr_clocksource */
+extern struct clocksource clocksource_jiffies;
+
+/*[Clocksource internal variables]---------
+ * curr_clocksource:
+ * currently selected clocksource. Initialized to clocksource_jiffies.
+ * next_clocksource:
+ * pending next selected clocksource.
+ * clocksource_list:
+ * linked list with the registered clocksources
+ * clocksource_lock:
+ * protects manipulations to curr_clocksource and next_clocksource
+ * and the clocksource_list
+ * override_name:
+ * Name of the user-specified clocksource.
+ */
+static struct clocksource *curr_clocksource = &clocksource_jiffies;
+static struct clocksource *next_clocksource;
+static LIST_HEAD(clocksource_list);
+static seqlock_t clocksource_lock = SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED;
+
+static char override_name[32];
+
+
+/**
+ * get_next_clocksource - Returns the selected clocksource
+ *
+ */
+struct clocksource *get_next_clocksource(void)
+{
+ write_seqlock(&clocksource_lock);
+ if (next_clocksource) {
+ curr_clocksource = next_clocksource;
+ next_clocksource = NULL;
+ }
+ write_sequnlock(&clocksource_lock);
+
+ return curr_clocksource;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * select_clocksource - Finds the best registered clocksource.
+ *
+ * Private function. Must have a writelock on clocksource_lock
+ * when called.
+ */
+static struct clocksource *select_clocksource(void)
+{
+ struct clocksource *best = NULL;
+ struct list_head *tmp;
+
+ list_for_each(tmp, &clocksource_list) {
+ struct clocksource *src;
+
+ src = list_entry(tmp, struct clocksource, list);
+ if (!best)
+ best = src;
+
+ /* Check for override */
+ if (strlen(src->name) == strlen(override_name) &&
+ !strcmp(src->name, override_name)) {
+ best = src;
+ break;
+ }
+ /* Pick the highest rating */
+ if (src->rating > best->rating)
+ best = src;
+ }
+ return best;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * is_registered_source - Checks if clocksource is registered
+ * @c: pointer to a clocksource
+ *
+ * Private helper function, should not be used externally.
+ *
+ * Returns one if the clocksource is already registered, zero otherwise.
+ */
+static inline int is_registered_source(struct clocksource *c)
+{
+ struct list_head *tmp;
+ int len = strlen(c->name);
+
+ list_for_each(tmp, &clocksource_list) {
+ struct clocksource *src;
+
+ src = list_entry(tmp, struct clocksource, list);
+ if (strlen(src->name) == len && !strcmp(src->name, c->name))
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * register_clocksource - Used to install new clocksources
+ * @t: clocksource to be registered
+ *
+ */
+void register_clocksource(struct clocksource *c)
+{
+ write_seqlock(&clocksource_lock);
+
+ /* check if clocksource is already registered */
+ if (is_registered_source(c)) {
+ printk("register_clocksource: Cannot register %s. Already registered!",
+ c->name);
+ } else {
+ list_add(&c->list, &clocksource_list);
+ /* select next clocksource */
+ next_clocksource = select_clocksource();
+ }
+ write_sequnlock(&clocksource_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_clocksource);
+
+
+/**
+ * reselect_clocksource - Rescan list for next clocksource
+ *
+ * A quick helper function to be used if a clocksource changes its
+ * rating. Forces the clocksource list to be re-scaned for the best
+ * clocksource.
+ */
+void reselect_clocksource(void)
+{
+ write_seqlock(&clocksource_lock);
+ next_clocksource = select_clocksource();
+ write_sequnlock(&clocksource_lock);
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * sysfs_show_clocksources - sysfs interface for listing clocksource
+ * @dev: unused
+ * @buf: char buffer to be filled with clocksource list
+ *
+ * Provides sysfs interface for listing registered clocksources
+ */
+static ssize_t sysfs_show_clocksources(struct sys_device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ char* curr = buf;
+ struct list_head *tmp;
+
+ write_seqlock(&clocksource_lock);
+
+ list_for_each(tmp, &clocksource_list) {
+ struct clocksource *src;
+
+ src = list_entry(tmp, struct clocksource, list);
+ /* Mark current clocksource w/ a star */
+ if (src == curr_clocksource)
+ curr += sprintf(curr, "*");
+ curr += sprintf(curr, "%s ", src->name);
+ }
+ write_sequnlock(&clocksource_lock);
+
+ curr += sprintf(curr, "\n");
+ return curr - buf;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * sysfs_override_clocksource - interface for manually overriding clocksource
+ * @dev: unused
+ * @buf: name of override clocksource
+ * @count: length of buffer
+ *
+ * Takes input from sysfs interface for manually overriding the default
+ * clocksource selction
+ */
+static ssize_t sysfs_override_clocksource(struct sys_device *dev,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ /* Strings from sysfs write are not 0 terminated ! */
+ if (count >= sizeof(override_name))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /* Strip of \n */
+ if (buf[count-1] == '\n')
+ count--;
+ if (count < 1)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ write_seqlock(&clocksource_lock);
+
+ /* copy the name given */
+ memcpy(override_name, buf, count);
+ override_name[count] = 0;
+
+ /* try to select it */
+ next_clocksource = select_clocksource();
+
+ write_sequnlock(&clocksource_lock);
+ return count;
+}
+
+
+/* Sysfs setup bits:
+ */
+static SYSDEV_ATTR(clocksource, 0600, sysfs_show_clocksources, sysfs_override_clocksource);
+
+static struct sysdev_class clocksource_sysclass = {
+ set_kset_name("clocksource"),
+};
+
+static struct sys_device device_clocksource = {
+ .id = 0,
+ .cls = &clocksource_sysclass,
+};
+
+static int init_clocksource_sysfs(void)
+{
+ int error = sysdev_class_register(&clocksource_sysclass);
+ if (!error) {
+ error = sysdev_register(&device_clocksource);
+ if (!error)
+ error = sysdev_create_file(&device_clocksource, &attr_clocksource);
+ }
+ return error;
+}
+device_initcall(init_clocksource_sysfs);
+
+
+/**
+ * boot_override_clocksource - boot clock override
+ * @str: override name
+ *
+ * Takes a clocksource= boot argument and uses it
+ * as the clocksource override name
+ */
+static int __init boot_override_clocksource(char* str)
+{
+ if (str)
+ strlcpy(override_name, str, sizeof(override_name));
+ return 1;
+}
+__setup("clocksource=", boot_override_clocksource);
+
+
+/**
+ * boot_override_clock - Compatibility layer for deprecated boot option
+ * @str: override name
+ *
+ * DEPRECATED! Takes a clock= boot argument and uses it
+ * as the clocksource override name
+ */
+static int __init boot_override_clock(char* str)
+{
+ printk("Warning! clock= boot option is deprecated.\n");
+ return boot_override_clocksource(str);
+}
+__setup("clock=", boot_override_clock);
diff --git a/kernel/time/jiffies.c b/kernel/time/jiffies.c
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/time/jiffies.c
@@ -0,0 +1,74 @@
+/***********************************************************************
+* linux/kernel/time/jiffies.c
+*
+* This file contains the jiffies based clocksource.
+*
+* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005 IBM, John Stultz (johnstul@us.ibm.com)
+*
+* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+* (at your option) any later version.
+*
+* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+* GNU General Public License for more details.
+*
+* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+* Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+*
+************************************************************************/
+#include <linux/clocksource.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+/* The Jiffies based clocksource is the lowest common
+ * denominator clock source which should function on
+ * all systems. It has the same coarse resolution as
+ * the timer interrupt frequency HZ and it suffers
+ * inaccuracies caused by missed or lost timer
+ * interrupts and the inability for the timer
+ * interrupt hardware to accuratly tick at the
+ * requested HZ value. It is also not reccomended
+ * for "tick-less" systems.
+ */
+#define NSEC_PER_JIFFY ((u32)((((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC)<<8)/ACTHZ))
+
+/* Since jiffies uses a simple NSEC_PER_JIFFY multiplier
+ * conversion, the .shift value could be zero. However
+ * this would make NTP adjustments impossible as they are
+ * in units of 1/2^.shift. Thus we use JIFFIES_SHIFT to
+ * shift both the nominator and denominator the same
+ * amount, and give ntp adjustments in units of 1/2^8
+ *
+ * The value 8 is somewhat carefully chosen, as anything
+ * larger can result in overflows. NSEC_PER_JIFFY grows as
+ * HZ shrinks, so values greater then 8 overflow 32bits when
+ * HZ=100.
+ */
+#define JIFFIES_SHIFT 8
+
+static cycle_t jiffies_read(void)
+{
+ cycle_t ret = get_jiffies_64();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+struct clocksource clocksource_jiffies = {
+ .name = "jiffies",
+ .rating = 0, /* lowest rating*/
+ .read = jiffies_read,
+ .mask = (cycle_t)-1,
+ .mult = NSEC_PER_JIFFY << JIFFIES_SHIFT, /* See above for details */
+ .shift = JIFFIES_SHIFT,
+ .is_continuous = 0, /* tick based, not free running */
+};
+
+static int __init init_jiffies_clocksource(void)
+{
+ register_clocksource(&clocksource_jiffies);
+ return 0;
+}
+module_init(init_jiffies_clocksource);

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-11-01 23:29    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site