lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2005]   [Oct]   [6]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH/RFC 0/2] simple SPI framework, refresh + ads7864 driver
David Brownell wrote:

>>Of course we want to use scatter-gather lists.
>>
>>
>
>The only way "of course" applies is if you're accepting requests
>from the block layer, which talks in terms of "struct scatterlist".
>
>In my investigations of SPI, I don't happen to have come across any
>SPI slave device that would naturally be handled as a block device.
>There's lots of flash (and dataflash); that's MTD, not block.
>
>
What about SD controllers on SPI bus? I did work with 2. ;-)

>
>
>
>> The DMA controller
>>mentioned above can handle only 0xFFF transfer units at a transfer so we
>>have to split the large transfers into SG lists.
>>
>>
>
>Odd, I've seen plenty other drivers that just segment large buffers
>into multiple DMA transfers ... without wanting "struct scatterlist".
>
>
I didn't claim that scatterlist is to be used. We use 'hardware-driven'
structures for sg lists.

> - More often they just break big buffers into lots of little
> transfers. Just like PIO, but faster. (And in fact, they may
> need to prime the pump with some PIO to align the buffer.)
>
>
That won't work in some cases, as SPI might generate additional clock
cycles after each transfer which won't happen un case of real sg transfer.

> - Sometimes they just reject segments that are too large to
> handle cleanly at a low level, and require higher level code
> to provide more byte-sized blocks of I/O.
>
>
It's possible in some cases but won't work in other. See above.

>If "now" _were_ the point we need to handle scatterlists, I've shown
>a nice efficient way to handle them, already well proven in the context
>of another serial bus protocol (USB).
>
>
>
>
>>Moreover, that looks like it may imply redundant data copying.
>>
>>
>
>Absolutely not. Everything was aimed at zero-copy I/O; why do
>you think I carefully described "DMA mapping" everywhere, rather
>than "memcpy"?
>
>
>
I'm afraid that copying may be implicit.

>
>
>>Can you please elaborate what you meant by 'readiness to accept DMA
>>addresses' for the controller drivers?
>>
>>
>
>Go look at the parts of the USB stack I mentioned. That's what I mean.
>
> - In the one case, DMA-aware controller drivers look at each buffer
> to determine whether they have to manage the mappings themselves.
> If the caller provided the DMA address, they won't set up mappings.
>
> - In the other case, they always expect their caller to have set
> up the DMA mappings. (Where "caller" is infrastructure code,
> not the actual driver issuing the I/O request.)
>
>The guts of such drivers would only talk in terms of DMA; the way those
>cases differ is how the driver entry/exit points ensure that can be done.
>
>
>
>
>>As far as I see it now, the whole thing looks wrong. The thing that we
>>suggest (i. e. abstract handles for memory allocation set to kmalloc by
>>default) is looking far better IMHO and doesn't require any flags which
>>usage increases uncertainty in the core.
>>
>>
>
>You are conflating memory allocation with DMA mapping. Those notions
>are quite distinct, except for dma_alloc_coherent() where one operation
>does both.
>
>The normal goal for drivers is to accept buffers allocated from anywhere
>that Documentation/DMA-mapping.txt describes as being DMA-safe ... and
>less often, message passing frameworks will do what USB does and accept
>DMA addresses rather than CPU addresses.
>
>
As for our core implementation it's totally agnostic about what kind of
addresses is used and what way it should be handled in; it's all left
for controller driver to decide. I still think it's far better approach
than lotsa pointers and flags.

Vitaly
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-10-06 07:03    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site