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SubjectRe: [PATCH 9/9] Kprobes: Use RCU for (un)register synchronization - arch changes
On Mon, Oct 10, 2005 at 10:48:13AM -0400, Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli wrote:
> From: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
>
> Changes to the arch kprobes infrastructure to take advantage of the locking
> changes introduced by usage of RCU for synchronization. All handlers are
> now run without any locks held, so they have to be re-entrant or provide
> their own synchronization.

And a few very similar questions here as well...

Thanx, Paul

> Signed-off-by: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com>
> ---
>
> arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c | 22 +++++++---------------
> arch/ia64/kernel/kprobes.c | 16 ++++++----------
> arch/ppc64/kernel/kprobes.c | 24 ++++++------------------
> arch/sparc64/kernel/kprobes.c | 14 ++------------
> arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c | 25 ++++++-------------------
> 5 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 74 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.14-rc3.orig/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:13.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/i386/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:48.000000000 -0400
> @@ -31,7 +31,6 @@
> #include <linux/config.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> #include <linux/ptrace.h>
> -#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> #include <linux/preempt.h>
> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> #include <asm/kdebug.h>
> @@ -123,6 +122,7 @@ static inline void prepare_singlestep(st
> regs->eip = (unsigned long)&p->ainsn.insn;
> }
>
> +/* Called with kretprobe_lock held */
> void __kprobes arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp,
> struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> @@ -168,15 +168,12 @@ static int __kprobes kprobe_handler(stru
> }
> /* Check we're not actually recursing */
> if (kprobe_running()) {
> - /* We *are* holding lock here, so this is safe.
> - Disarm the probe we just hit, and ignore it. */
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (p) {
> if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SS &&
> *p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
> regs->eflags &= ~TF_MASK;
> regs->eflags |= kcb->kprobe_saved_eflags;
> - unlock_kprobes();
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
> /* We have reentered the kprobe_handler(), since
> @@ -197,14 +194,11 @@ static int __kprobes kprobe_handler(stru
> goto ss_probe;
> }
> }
> - /* If it's not ours, can't be delete race, (we hold lock). */
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
>
> - lock_kprobes();
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (!p) {
> - unlock_kprobes();
> if (regs->eflags & VM_MASK) {
> /* We are in virtual-8086 mode. Return 0 */
> goto no_kprobe;
> @@ -268,9 +262,10 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL;
> struct hlist_head *head;
> struct hlist_node *node, *tmp;
> - unsigned long orig_ret_address = 0;
> + unsigned long flags, orig_ret_address = 0;
> unsigned long trampoline_address =(unsigned long)&kretprobe_trampoline;
>
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> head = kretprobe_inst_table_head(current);
>
> /*
> @@ -310,7 +305,7 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> regs->eip = orig_ret_address;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> /*
> @@ -395,7 +390,7 @@ static void __kprobes resume_execution(s
>
> /*
> * Interrupts are disabled on entry as trap1 is an interrupt gate and they
> - * remain disabled thoroughout this function. And we hold kprobe lock.
> + * remain disabled thoroughout this function.
> */
> static inline int post_kprobe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> @@ -419,7 +414,6 @@ static inline int post_kprobe_handler(st
> goto out;
> }
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> out:
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> @@ -434,7 +428,6 @@ out:
> return 1;
> }
>
> -/* Interrupts disabled, kprobe_lock held. */
> static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
> {
> struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
> @@ -448,7 +441,6 @@ static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(s
> regs->eflags |= kcb->kprobe_old_eflags;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
> }
> return 0;
> @@ -463,7 +455,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> struct die_args *args = (struct die_args *)data;
> int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
>
> - preempt_disable();
> + rcu_read_lock();

If synchronize_sched() is used on the update side, this needs to
remain preempt_disable() rather than rcu_read_lock().

> switch (val) {
> case DIE_INT3:
> if (kprobe_handler(args->regs))
> @@ -482,7 +474,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> default:
> break;
> }
> - preempt_enable();
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> return ret;
> }
>
> Index: linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/ia64/kernel/kprobes.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.14-rc3.orig/arch/ia64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:14.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/ia64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:48.000000000 -0400
> @@ -26,7 +26,6 @@
> #include <linux/config.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> #include <linux/ptrace.h>
> -#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> #include <linux/string.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/preempt.h>
> @@ -343,10 +342,11 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL;
> struct hlist_head *head;
> struct hlist_node *node, *tmp;
> - unsigned long orig_ret_address = 0;
> + unsigned long flags, orig_ret_address = 0;
> unsigned long trampoline_address =
> ((struct fnptr *)kretprobe_trampoline)->ip;
>
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> head = kretprobe_inst_table_head(current);
>
> /*
> @@ -386,7 +386,7 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> regs->cr_iip = orig_ret_address;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> /*
> @@ -397,6 +397,7 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> return 1;
> }
>
> +/* Called with kretprobe_lock held */
> void __kprobes arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp,
> struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> @@ -612,7 +613,6 @@ static int __kprobes pre_kprobes_handler
> if ((kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SS) &&
> (p->ainsn.inst_flag == INST_FLAG_BREAK_INST)) {
> ia64_psr(regs)->ss = 0;
> - unlock_kprobes();
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
> /* We have reentered the pre_kprobe_handler(), since
> @@ -641,10 +641,8 @@ static int __kprobes pre_kprobes_handler
> }
> }
>
> - lock_kprobes();
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (!p) {
> - unlock_kprobes();
> if (!is_ia64_break_inst(regs)) {
> /*
> * The breakpoint instruction was removed right
> @@ -707,7 +705,6 @@ static int __kprobes post_kprobes_handle
> goto out;
> }
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
>
> out:
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
> @@ -728,7 +725,6 @@ static int __kprobes kprobes_fault_handl
> if (kcb->kprobe_status & KPROBE_HIT_SS) {
> resume_execution(cur, regs);
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
> }
>
> @@ -741,7 +737,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> struct die_args *args = (struct die_args *)data;
> int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
>
> - preempt_disable();
> + rcu_read_lock();

Ditto here...

> switch(val) {
> case DIE_BREAK:
> if (pre_kprobes_handler(args))
> @@ -757,7 +753,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> default:
> break;
> }
> - preempt_enable();
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> return ret;
> }
>
> Index: linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/ppc64/kernel/kprobes.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.14-rc3.orig/arch/ppc64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:15.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/ppc64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:48.000000000 -0400
> @@ -30,7 +30,6 @@
> #include <linux/config.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> #include <linux/ptrace.h>
> -#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> #include <linux/preempt.h>
> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> #include <asm/kdebug.h>
> @@ -125,6 +124,7 @@ static inline void set_current_kprobe(st
> kcb->kprobe_saved_msr = regs->msr;
> }
>
> +/* Called with kretprobe_lock held */
> void __kprobes arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp,
> struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> @@ -152,8 +152,6 @@ static inline int kprobe_handler(struct
>
> /* Check we're not actually recursing */
> if (kprobe_running()) {
> - /* We *are* holding lock here, so this is safe.
> - Disarm the probe we just hit, and ignore it. */
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (p) {
> kprobe_opcode_t insn = *p->ainsn.insn;
> @@ -161,7 +159,6 @@ static inline int kprobe_handler(struct
> is_trap(insn)) {
> regs->msr &= ~MSR_SE;
> regs->msr |= kcb->kprobe_saved_msr;
> - unlock_kprobes();
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
> /* We have reentered the kprobe_handler(), since
> @@ -183,14 +180,11 @@ static inline int kprobe_handler(struct
> goto ss_probe;
> }
> }
> - /* If it's not ours, can't be delete race, (we hold lock). */
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
>
> - lock_kprobes();
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (!p) {
> - unlock_kprobes();
> if (*addr != BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
> /*
> * PowerPC has multiple variants of the "trap"
> @@ -254,9 +248,10 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL;
> struct hlist_head *head;
> struct hlist_node *node, *tmp;
> - unsigned long orig_ret_address = 0;
> + unsigned long flags, orig_ret_address = 0;
> unsigned long trampoline_address =(unsigned long)&kretprobe_trampoline;
>
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> head = kretprobe_inst_table_head(current);
>
> /*
> @@ -296,7 +291,7 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> regs->nip = orig_ret_address;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> /*
> @@ -348,7 +343,6 @@ static inline int post_kprobe_handler(st
> goto out;
> }
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> out:
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> @@ -363,7 +357,6 @@ out:
> return 1;
> }
>
> -/* Interrupts disabled, kprobe_lock held. */
> static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
> {
> struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
> @@ -378,7 +371,6 @@ static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(s
> regs->msr |= kcb->kprobe_saved_msr;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
> }
> return 0;
> @@ -393,11 +385,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> struct die_args *args = (struct die_args *)data;
> int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
>
> - /*
> - * Interrupts are not disabled here. We need to disable
> - * preemption, because kprobe_running() uses smp_processor_id().
> - */
> - preempt_disable();
> + rcu_read_lock();

And here...

> switch (val) {
> case DIE_BPT:
> if (kprobe_handler(args->regs))
> @@ -416,7 +404,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> default:
> break;
> }
> - preempt_enable_no_resched();
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> return ret;
> }
>
> Index: linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/sparc64/kernel/kprobes.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.14-rc3.orig/arch/sparc64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:15.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/sparc64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:48.000000000 -0400
> @@ -116,15 +116,11 @@ static int __kprobes kprobe_handler(stru
> struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
>
> if (kprobe_running()) {
> - /* We *are* holding lock here, so this is safe.
> - * Disarm the probe we just hit, and ignore it.
> - */
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (p) {
> if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SS) {
> regs->tstate = ((regs->tstate & ~TSTATE_PIL) |
> kcb->kprobe_orig_tstate_pil);
> - unlock_kprobes();
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
> /* We have reentered the kprobe_handler(), since
> @@ -144,14 +140,11 @@ static int __kprobes kprobe_handler(stru
> if (p->break_handler && p->break_handler(p, regs))
> goto ss_probe;
> }
> - /* If it's not ours, can't be delete race, (we hold lock). */
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
>
> - lock_kprobes();
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (!p) {
> - unlock_kprobes();
> if (*(u32 *)addr != BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
> /*
> * The breakpoint instruction was removed right
> @@ -296,14 +289,12 @@ static inline int post_kprobe_handler(st
> goto out;
> }
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> out:
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> return 1;
> }
>
> -/* Interrupts disabled, kprobe_lock held. */
> static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
> {
> struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
> @@ -316,7 +307,6 @@ static inline int kprobe_fault_handler(s
> resume_execution(cur, regs, kcb);
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
> }
> return 0;
> @@ -331,7 +321,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> struct die_args *args = (struct die_args *)data;
> int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
>
> - preempt_disable();
> + rcu_read_lock();

As well as here...

> switch (val) {
> case DIE_DEBUG:
> if (kprobe_handler(args->regs))
> @@ -350,7 +340,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> default:
> break;
> }
> - preempt_enable();
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> return ret;
> }
>
> Index: linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.14-rc3.orig/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:33.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6.14-rc3/arch/x86_64/kernel/kprobes.c 2005-10-05 16:08:48.000000000 -0400
> @@ -34,7 +34,6 @@
> #include <linux/config.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> #include <linux/ptrace.h>
> -#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> #include <linux/string.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/preempt.h>
> @@ -266,6 +265,7 @@ static void __kprobes prepare_singlestep
> regs->rip = (unsigned long)p->ainsn.insn;
> }
>
> +/* Called with kretprobe_lock held */
> void __kprobes arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp,
> struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> @@ -299,15 +299,12 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_handler(struct pt_r
>
> /* Check we're not actually recursing */
> if (kprobe_running()) {
> - /* We *are* holding lock here, so this is safe.
> - Disarm the probe we just hit, and ignore it. */
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (p) {
> if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SS &&
> *p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
> regs->eflags &= ~TF_MASK;
> regs->eflags |= kcb->kprobe_saved_rflags;
> - unlock_kprobes();
> goto no_kprobe;
> } else if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE) {
> /* TODO: Provide re-entrancy from
> @@ -340,14 +337,11 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_handler(struct pt_r
> goto ss_probe;
> }
> }
> - /* If it's not ours, can't be delete race, (we hold lock). */
> goto no_kprobe;
> }
>
> - lock_kprobes();
> p = get_kprobe(addr);
> if (!p) {
> - unlock_kprobes();
> if (*addr != BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
> /*
> * The breakpoint instruction was removed right
> @@ -406,9 +400,10 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL;
> struct hlist_head *head;
> struct hlist_node *node, *tmp;
> - unsigned long orig_ret_address = 0;
> + unsigned long flags, orig_ret_address = 0;
> unsigned long trampoline_address =(unsigned long)&kretprobe_trampoline;
>
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> head = kretprobe_inst_table_head(current);
>
> /*
> @@ -448,7 +443,7 @@ int __kprobes trampoline_probe_handler(s
> regs->rip = orig_ret_address;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kretprobe_lock, flags);
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
>
> /*
> @@ -536,10 +531,6 @@ static void __kprobes resume_execution(s
> }
> }
>
> -/*
> - * Interrupts are disabled on entry as trap1 is an interrupt gate and they
> - * remain disabled thoroughout this function. And we hold kprobe lock.
> - */
> int __kprobes post_kprobe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
> @@ -560,8 +551,6 @@ int __kprobes post_kprobe_handler(struct
> if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_REENTER) {
> restore_previous_kprobe(kcb);
> goto out;
> - } else {
> - unlock_kprobes();
> }
> reset_current_kprobe();
> out:
> @@ -578,7 +567,6 @@ out:
> return 1;
> }
>
> -/* Interrupts disabled, kprobe_lock held. */
> int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
> {
> struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
> @@ -592,7 +580,6 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struc
> regs->eflags |= kcb->kprobe_old_rflags;
>
> reset_current_kprobe();
> - unlock_kprobes();
> preempt_enable_no_resched();
> }
> return 0;
> @@ -607,7 +594,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> struct die_args *args = (struct die_args *)data;
> int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
>
> - preempt_disable();
> + rcu_read_lock();

As well as here yet again...

> switch (val) {
> case DIE_INT3:
> if (kprobe_handler(args->regs))
> @@ -626,7 +613,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_exceptions_notify(s
> default:
> break;
> }
> - preempt_enable();
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> return ret;
> }
>
> -
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