lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2005]   [Oct]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 5/8] Fragmentation Avoidance V17: 005_fallback
Date
This patch implements fallback logic. In the event there is no 2^(MAX_ORDER-1)
blocks of pages left, this will help the system decide what list to use. The
highlights of the patch are;

o Define a RCLM_FALLBACK type for fallbacks
o Use a percentage of each zone for fallbacks. When a reserved pool of pages
is depleted, it will try and use RCLM_FALLBACK before using anything else.
This greatly reduces the amount of fallbacks causing fragmentation without
needing complex balancing algorithms
o Add a fallback_reserve and fallback_balance so that the system knows how
may 2^(MAX_ORDER-1) blocks are being used for fallbacks and if more need
to be reserved.
o Adds a fallback_allocs[] array that determines the order of freelists are
used for each allocation type

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <kravetz@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com>
diff -rup -X /usr/src/patchset-0.5/bin//dontdiff linux-2.6.14-rc3-004_markfree/include/linux/mmzone.h linux-2.6.14-rc3-005_fallback/include/linux/mmzone.h
--- linux-2.6.14-rc3-004_markfree/include/linux/mmzone.h 2005-10-11 12:08:07.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.14-rc3-005_fallback/include/linux/mmzone.h 2005-10-11 12:09:27.000000000 +0100
@@ -29,7 +29,8 @@
#define RCLM_NORCLM 0
#define RCLM_USER 1
#define RCLM_KERN 2
-#define RCLM_TYPES 3
+#define RCLM_FALLBACK 3
+#define RCLM_TYPES 4
#define BITS_PER_RCLM_TYPE 2

#define for_each_rclmtype_order(type, order) \
@@ -163,6 +164,13 @@ struct zone {

struct free_area free_area_lists[RCLM_TYPES][MAX_ORDER];

+ /*
+ * Track what percentage of the zone should be used for fallbacks and
+ * how much is being currently used
+ */
+ unsigned long fallback_reserve;
+ long fallback_balance;
+
ZONE_PADDING(_pad1_)

/* Fields commonly accessed by the page reclaim scanner */
@@ -275,6 +283,17 @@ struct zonelist {
struct zone *zones[MAX_NUMNODES * MAX_NR_ZONES + 1]; // NULL delimited
};

+static inline void inc_reserve_count(struct zone* zone, int type)
+{
+ if (type == RCLM_FALLBACK)
+ zone->fallback_reserve++;
+}
+
+static inline void dec_reserve_count(struct zone* zone, int type)
+{
+ if (type == RCLM_FALLBACK && zone->fallback_reserve)
+ zone->fallback_reserve--;
+}

/*
* The pg_data_t structure is used in machines with CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
diff -rup -X /usr/src/patchset-0.5/bin//dontdiff linux-2.6.14-rc3-004_markfree/mm/page_alloc.c linux-2.6.14-rc3-005_fallback/mm/page_alloc.c
--- linux-2.6.14-rc3-004_markfree/mm/page_alloc.c 2005-10-11 12:08:47.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.14-rc3-005_fallback/mm/page_alloc.c 2005-10-11 12:09:27.000000000 +0100
@@ -53,6 +53,40 @@ unsigned long totalhigh_pages __read_mos
long nr_swap_pages;

/*
+ * fallback_allocs contains the fallback types for low memory conditions
+ * where the preferred alloction type if not available.
+ */
+int fallback_allocs[RCLM_TYPES][RCLM_TYPES+1] = {
+ {RCLM_NORCLM, RCLM_FALLBACK, RCLM_KERN, RCLM_USER, RCLM_TYPES},
+ {RCLM_KERN, RCLM_FALLBACK, RCLM_NORCLM, RCLM_USER, RCLM_TYPES},
+ {RCLM_USER, RCLM_FALLBACK, RCLM_NORCLM, RCLM_KERN, RCLM_TYPES},
+ {RCLM_FALLBACK, RCLM_NORCLM, RCLM_KERN, RCLM_USER, RCLM_TYPES}
+};
+
+/*
+ * Returns 1 if the required presentage of the zone if reserved for fallbacks
+ *
+ * fallback_balance and fallback_reserve are used to detect when the required
+ * percentage is reserved. fallback_balance is decremented when a
+ * 2^(MAX_ORDER-1) block is split and incremented when coalesced.
+ * fallback_reserve is incremented when a block is reserved for fallbacks
+ * and decremented when reassigned elsewhere.
+ *
+ */
+static inline int min_fallback_reserved(struct zone *zone) {
+ /* If fallback_balance is positive, we do not need to reserve */
+ if (zone->fallback_balance > 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ /*
+ * When fallback_balance is negative, a reserve is required. The number
+ * of reserved blocks required is related to the negative value of
+ * fallback_balance
+ */
+ return -(zone->fallback_balance) < zone->fallback_reserve;
+}
+
+/*
* results with 256, 32 in the lowmem_reserve sysctl:
* 1G machine -> (16M dma, 800M-16M normal, 1G-800M high)
* 1G machine -> (16M dma, 784M normal, 224M high)
@@ -404,6 +438,8 @@ static inline void __free_pages_bulk (st
page_idx = combined_idx;
order++;
}
+ if (unlikely(order == MAX_ORDER-1))
+ zone->fallback_balance++;
set_page_order(page, order);
list_add_tail(&page->lru, &freelist[order].free_list);
freelist[order].nr_free++;
@@ -585,7 +621,12 @@ struct page* steal_largepage(struct zone
page = list_entry(area->free_list.next, struct page, lru);
area->nr_free--;

+ if (!min_fallback_reserved(zone))
+ alloctype = RCLM_FALLBACK;
+
set_pageblock_type(zone, page, (unsigned long)alloctype);
+ dec_reserve_count(zone, i);
+ inc_reserve_count(zone, alloctype);

return page;
}
@@ -595,6 +636,8 @@ static inline struct page *
remove_page(struct zone *zone, struct page *page, unsigned int order,
unsigned int current_order, struct free_area *area)
{
+ if (unlikely(current_order == MAX_ORDER-1))
+ zone->fallback_balance--;
list_del(&page->lru);
rmv_page_order(page);
zone->free_pages -= 1UL << order;
@@ -602,6 +645,83 @@ remove_page(struct zone *zone, struct pa

}

+/*
+ * If we are falling back, and the allocation is KERNNORCLM,
+ * then reserve any buddies for the KERNNORCLM pool. These
+ * allocations fragment the worst so this helps keep them
+ * in the one place
+ */
+static inline struct free_area *
+fallback_buddy_reserve(int start_alloctype, struct zone *zone,
+ unsigned int current_order, struct page *page,
+ struct free_area *area)
+{
+ if (start_alloctype != RCLM_NORCLM)
+ return area;
+
+ area = &(zone->free_area_lists[RCLM_NORCLM][current_order]);
+
+ /* Reserve the whole block if this is a large split */
+ if (current_order >= MAX_ORDER / 2) {
+ int reserve_type = RCLM_NORCLM;
+ dec_reserve_count(zone, get_pageblock_type(zone,page));
+
+ /*
+ * Use this block for fallbacks if the
+ * minimum reserve is not being met
+ */
+ if (!min_fallback_reserved(zone))
+ reserve_type = RCLM_FALLBACK;
+
+ set_pageblock_type(zone, page, (unsigned long)reserve_type);
+ inc_reserve_count(zone, reserve_type);
+ }
+ return area;
+}
+
+static struct page *
+fallback_alloc(int alloctype, struct zone *zone, unsigned int order)
+{
+ int *fallback_list;
+ int start_alloctype = alloctype;
+ struct free_area *area;
+ unsigned int current_order;
+ struct page *page;
+ int i;
+
+ /* Ok, pick the fallback order based on the type */
+ BUG_ON(alloctype >= RCLM_TYPES);
+ fallback_list = fallback_allocs[alloctype];
+
+ /*
+ * Here, the alloc type lists has been depleted as well as the global
+ * pool, so fallback. When falling back, the largest possible block
+ * will be taken to keep the fallbacks clustered if possible
+ */
+ for (i = 0; fallback_list[i] != RCLM_TYPES; i++) {
+ alloctype = fallback_list[i];
+
+ /* Find a block to allocate */
+ area = &(zone->free_area_lists[alloctype][MAX_ORDER-1]);
+ for (current_order = MAX_ORDER - 1; current_order > order;
+ current_order--, area--) {
+ if (list_empty(&area->free_list))
+ continue;
+
+ page = list_entry(area->free_list.next,
+ struct page, lru);
+ area->nr_free--;
+ area = fallback_buddy_reserve(start_alloctype, zone,
+ current_order, page, area);
+ return remove_page(zone, page, order,
+ current_order, area);
+
+ }
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
/*
* Do the hard work of removing an element from the buddy allocator.
* Call me with the zone->lock already held.
@@ -628,7 +748,8 @@ static struct page *__rmqueue(struct zon
if (page != NULL)
return remove_page(zone, page, order, MAX_ORDER-1, area);

- return NULL;
+ /* Try falling back */
+ return fallback_alloc(alloctype, zone, order);
}

/*
@@ -2106,6 +2227,10 @@ static void __init free_area_init_core(s
spin_lock_init(&zone->lru_lock);
zone->zone_pgdat = pgdat;
zone->free_pages = 0;
+ zone->fallback_reserve = 0;
+
+ /* Set the balance so about 12.5% will be used for fallbacks */
+ zone->fallback_balance = -(realsize >> (MAX_ORDER+2));

zone->temp_priority = zone->prev_priority = DEF_PRIORITY;

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-10-11 17:18    [W:0.049 / U:2.164 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site