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    SubjectRe: short read from /dev/urandom
    On Thu, Jan 13, 2005 at 08:54:54PM -0800, Ulrich Drepper wrote:
    > The /dev/urandom device is advertised as always returning the requested
    > number of bytes. Yet, it fails to do this under some situations.
    > Compile this

    Here's what random.c says:

    * The two other interfaces are two character devices /dev/random and
    * /dev/urandom. /dev/random is suitable for use when very high
    * quality randomness is desired (for example, for key generation or
    * one-time pads), as it will only return a maximum of the number of
    * bits of randomness (as estimated by the random number generator)
    * contained in the entropy pool.
    * The /dev/urandom device does not have this limit, and will return
    * as many bytes as are requested. As more and more random bytes are
    * requested without giving time for the entropy pool to recharge,
    * this will result in random numbers that are merely cryptographically
    * strong. For many applications, however, this is acceptable.

    _Neither_ case mentions signals and the "and will return as many bytes
    as requested" is clearly just a restatement of "does not have this
    limit". Whoever copied this comment to the manpage was a bit sloppy
    and dropped the first clause rather than the second:

    When read, /dev/urandom device will return as many bytes as are
    requested. As a result, if there is not sufficient entropy in
    the entropy pool...

    Meanwhile, read(2) says:

    It is not an error if this number is smaller than the number
    of bytes requested; this may happen for example because fewer
    bytes are actually available right now (maybe because we were
    close to end-of-file, or because we are reading from a pipe,
    or from a terminal), or because read() was interrupted by a

    So anyone doing a read() can expect a short read regardless of the fd
    and is quite clear that reads can be interrupted by signals. "It is
    not an error". Ever.

    Mathematics is the supreme nostalgia of our time.
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