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SubjectRe: [patch] Latency Tracer, voluntary-preempt-2.6.8-rc4-O6
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Ingo,

I get the following error when I have CONFIG_PREEMPT_TIMING=n

AS arch/i386/kernel/entry.o
CC arch/i386/kernel/traps.o
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c: In function `do_nmi':
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:539: error: syntax error before "do"
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:539: error: syntax error before ')' token
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:537: warning: unused variable `cpu'
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c: At top level:
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:541: warning: type defaults to `int' in declaration
of `cpu'
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:541: warning: data definition has no type or storage
class
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:542: error: syntax error before '++' token
arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:500: warning: `default_do_nmi' defined but not used
make[1]: *** [arch/i386/kernel/traps.o] Error 1
make: *** [arch/i386/kernel] Error 2


Matt

On Thursday 12 August 2004 4:51 pm, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> i've uploaded the latest version of the voluntary-preempt patch:
>
> http://redhat.com/~mingo/voluntary-preempt/voluntary-preempt-2.6.8-rc4-O6
>
> during the past couple of weeks there has been a steady trend towards
> rarer and harder to analyze latencies.
>
> The preempt-timing patch was a nice starting point but it only prints
> limited info about the beginning and the end of a critical section -
> often leaving us in the dark about what happened within the critical
> section. Often the trace only contains generic entry/exit points like
> e.g. do_poll() which are not very helpful in determining the precise
> reason for the latency.
>
> so in -O6 i've implemented a 'latency tracer', which automatically
> records all kernel functions called during a maximum-latency incident.
> This typically means thousands of functions per critical section. I've
> combined this tracer with the preempt-timing approach to produce a
> pretty powerful tool to find & squash latencies.
>
> there's a new /proc/latency_trace file that holds the current latency
> trace (belonging to the previous high-latency event). It has a format
> that is intended to make it as easy as possible for kernel developers to
> fix any particular latency source. Audio developers and users can
> generate such traces and send them along to kernel developers as text
> files.
>
> Sample use of the latency tracer:
>
> E.g. the following incident:
>
> (default.hotplug/1470): 121 us critical section violates 100 us threshold.
> => started at: <kmap_high+0x2b/0x2d0>
> => ended at: <kmap_high+0x1a9/0x2d0>
> [<c0105a23>] dump_stack+0x23/0x30
> [<c0140d14>] check_preempt_timing+0x184/0x1e0
> [<c0140e84>] sub_preempt_count+0x54/0x5d
> [<c0152959>] kmap_high+0x1a9/0x2d0
> [<c017655a>] copy_strings+0xea/0x230
> [<c01766db>] copy_strings_kernel+0x3b/0x50
> [<c017840d>] do_execve+0x12d/0x1f0
> [<c0103284>] sys_execve+0x44/0x80
> [<c0104b95>] sysenter_past_esp+0x52/0x71
>
> this doesnt tell us too much about why it took 121 usecs to get from one
> end of kmap_high() to the other end of kmap_high(). Looking at
> /proc/latency_trace tells us the full story:
>
> preemption latency trace v1.0
> -----------------------------
> latency: 121 us, entries: 1032 (1032)
> process: default.hotplug/1470, uid: 0
> nice: -10, policy: 0, rt_priority: 0
> =======>
> 0.000ms (+0.000ms): page_address (kmap_high)
> 0.000ms (+0.000ms): page_slot (page_address)
> 0.000ms (+0.000ms): flush_all_zero_pkmaps (kmap_high)
> 0.000ms (+0.000ms): set_page_address (flush_all_zero_pkmaps)
> [...]
> 0.118ms (+0.000ms): page_slot (set_page_address)
> 0.118ms (+0.000ms): check_preempt_timing (sub_preempt_count)
>
> it's the rare but possible call to flush_all_zero_pkmaps() that
> generates this particular latency.
>
> as can be seen in the above the example, the trace contains a header
> portion and a trace line for every kernel function called. Only function
> entries are recorded (not function returns) so i've added the parent
> function to the trace too, for easier identification of the call
> sequence.
>
> there's a MAX_TRACE define in kernel/latency.c - set to 4000 currently -
> this is the maximum number of function calls traced per critical
> section. Feel free to increase/decrease this. The header portion shows
> the true number of functions called in a critical section, e.g.:
>
> latency: 1531 us, entries: 4000 (16098)
>
> tells us that there were 16098 trace entries but only the first 4000
> were recorded.
>
> -O6 also adds another timing option besides preempt_thresh: if
> preempt_thresh is set to 0 then the tracer will automatically track the
> largest-previous latency. (i.e. the system does a search for the
> absolute maximum latency.) The /proc/sys/kernel/preempt_max_latency
> control can be used to reset this value to conduct a new search for a
> new workload, without having to reboot the system.
>
> -O6 also does some SMP improvements: the IRQ threads now listen to the
> /proc/irq/*/smp_affinity mask and bind themselves to the configured CPU.
> This means that e.g. the irqbalance daemon will work as expected.
>
> -O6 also fixes and cleans up a number of other aspects of the
> preempt-timing mechanism.
>
> the latency tracer can be turned on/off via CONFIG_LATENCY_TRACE at
> compile time. An active tracer means considerable runtime overhead.
> Especially code that does alot of small function calls will see a
> performance hit. I'm seeing a ~10% overhead on a 2GHz system, but YMMV.
>
> reports, suggestions welcome,
>
> Ingo
> -
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