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SubjectRe: swsusp.S: meaningfull assembly labels
On Fri, Jun 25, 2004 at 12:02:47PM -0400, Richard B. Johnson wrote:
> On Fri, 25 Jun 2004, Daniel Jacobowitz wrote:
> > On Fri, Jun 25, 2004 at 08:37:45AM -0400, Richard B. Johnson wrote:
> > > NO! You just made those labels public! The LOCAL symbols need to
> > > begin with ".L". Now, if you have a 'copy_loop' in another module,
> > > linked with this, anywhere in the kernel, they will share the
> > > same address -- not what you expected, I'm sure! The assembler
> > > has some strange rules you need to understand. Use `nm` and you
> > > will find that your new labels are in the object file!
> >
> > Er, no. They'll show up in the object file. That doesn't mean they're
> > global; static symbols also show up in the object file.
> >
> > --
> > Daniel Jacobowitz
> I got caught on these, thinking that they weren't globals when
> I made a assembly files that used, not only named labels but
> also definitions like:
> BUF = 0x08
> LEN = 0x0c
> code: movl BUF(%esp), %ebx
> movl LEN(%esp), %ecx
> This was done in several files. When linked, I got 'duplicate synbol'
> errors. These symbols, while not 'globals' in the sense that 'C'
> code can link with them are global definitions that are seen by
> the linker and cause duplicate symbol errors. I went through

Those are what gas calls absolute symbols.

> the gas documentation, trying to find how to prevent these
> private symbols from being written to the object file and there
> is no command-line mechanism. You just have to start every name
> with .L to keep them local.
> When I used labels like 'code' above, even though not declared
> '.global', the labels also showed up as duplicate symbols when
> linking the resulting object files.

Does this only happen in your world? Or were you using a broken
non-GNU linker?

drow@nevyn:~% cat a.s
BUF = 0x1
mov %eax, 0
drow@nevyn:~% as -o a.o a.s
drow@nevyn:~% as -o b.o a.s
drow@nevyn:~% ld -o a a.o b.o
ld: warning: cannot find entry symbol _start; defaulting to 0000000008048074
drow@nevyn:~% nm a.o
00000001 a BUF
00000000 t code
drow@nevyn:~% nm a
00000001 a BUF
00000001 a BUF
08049084 A __bss_start
08049084 A _edata
08049084 A _end
08048074 t code
0804807c t code

LD won't even warn about duplicate absolute symbols unless they have
different values.

Daniel Jacobowitz
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