[lkml]   [2004]   [Jun]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: DMA API issues

My colleagues and I are encountering a number of difficulties with the
DMA API, to which a generic solution is required (or risk multiple
architectures, busses, and devices going their own way...)

Here is an example system that illustrates these problems:

I have a System On Chip device which, among other functions, contains an
OHCI controller and 32K of SRAM.

heres the catch:- The OHCI controller has a different address space than
the host bus, and worse, can *only* DMA data from its internal SRAM.

The architecture is not broken, merely unusual.

This causes the following problems:

1) The DMA API provides no methods to set up a mapping between the host
memory map and the devices view of the space
the OHCI controller above would see its 32K of SRAM as
mapped from 0x10000 - 0x1ffff and not 0xXXX10000 - 0xXXX1ffff
which is the address the CPU sees.

Erm, well this isn't unusual. A lot of devices have on board memory to
offload accesses to. All the later Symbios SCSI chips for instance. If
you look at the drivers, you'll see they ioremap the region and then use
it via the normal memory accessors.

2) The DMA API assumes the device can access SDRAM
the OHCI controller base is mapped at 0x10000000 on my platform.
this is NOT is SDRAM, its in IO space.

The usual thing for devices to do is maintain their own mapping of the
the regions, since the device physical locations has no meaning at all
to the platform systems (other than it better not clash with real

If these points are possible to be addressed, it would allow at LEAST three chips *in \
use* in linux devices able to use mainline OHCI code directly - TC6393XB (in toshiba \
PDAs), SAMCOP (Ipaqs), and mediaQ (dell axims).

I am told HPPA has some similar problems also.

I don't understand what you're asking for beyond what we currently do.
These devices should be able to operate using ioremap and memcpy_toio,
what more do you want?

There was one extension to the DMA API that I considered for a Q720 SCSI
card which has 2MB of onboard memory. That was to allow the device to
declare the memory region to the platform so the platform could hand it
out as coherent memory (this is platform dependent, some platforms
simply cannot allow direct memory access to bus space like this).
However, something with a memory space as tiny as 32kB is unlikely to
benefit from this.


To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 14:03    [W:0.123 / U:1.944 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site